Presentation on theme: "Syntax More wonderful and exciting information!!."— Presentation transcript:
Syntax More wonderful and exciting information!!
Sentence Length Telegraphic Less than 5 words Used for emphasis Short 5 to 10 words Used for direct, statements without a lot of details Medium More than 10…less than 30 Used for more complex thoughts that require support or details Long 30 words + Used mostly in academic or argumentative writing
Sentence Order Natural Order Constructing a sentence so that the subject comes before the predicate Active voice Oranges grow in California. Inverted Order Constructing a sentence so that the predicate comes before the subject Passive voice California grows oranges. Split Order Constructing a sentence so that the subject is in the middle In California, oranges grow.
Sentence Pattern Declarative Declarative sentences are used to convey information or to make statements: David plays the piano. I hope you can come tomorrow. We've forgotten the milk. Interrogative Interrogative sentences are used in asking questions: Is this your book? Did you receive my message? Have you found a new job yet?
Sentence Pattern (cont.) Imperative Imperative sentences are used in issuing orders or directives: Leave your coat in the hall. Give me your phone number. Don't shut the door. Exclamatory Exclamatory sentences are used to make a forceful statement. What a stupid man he is! How wonderful you look!
Kind: Simple Sentences 1 independent clause and no dependent clauses (Basic statement) Example: He sat near the window. Alex played football. I tried to speak Spanish.
Kind: Compound Sentences At least 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinator (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so) (2 Basic statements) Examples: He sat near the window and she sat near the door. Alex played football, so she went shopping. I tried to speak Spanish, but Joe tried French.
Kind: Complex Sentences 1 independent clause and at least 1 dependent clause introduced by a subordination conjunction ( although, because…)(adverbial clause) or a relative pronoun (who, which…)(adjective clause) Examples: Because he sat near the window, he saw the girl he liked. (loose…periodic)? Alex, who is a good athlete, played football (L/P?) Because I tried to speak Spanish, I was made fun of. (L/P?)
Kind: Compound/Complex Sentences 2 independent clauses and at least 1 dependent clause Examples: Although he prefers to sit next to the window, he tried sitting in the front and found that he liked it. (L/P?) Alex played football, so she went shopping in order to pass the time. (L/P?) I tried to speak Spanish, and the class jumped for joy because I finally got it correct! (L/P?)
Example #1 Next morning when the first light came into the sky and the sparrows stirred in the trees, when the cows rattled their chains and the rooster crowed and the early automobiles went whispering along the road, Wilber awoke and looked for Charlotte. – E.B. White 1. Is this a loose or periodic sentence? 2. What sentence pattern is this? Label the subject, predicate and direct object. 3. What is the length? Why is this important for this passage? 4. What is the order? Why is this important for this passage? 5. What kind of sentence is this?
Example #2 Col. Grangerford was very tall and very slim, and had a darkish-paly complexion, not a sign of red in it anywheres; he was clean-shaved every morning all over his thin face, and he had the thinnest kind of lips and the thinnest kind of nostrils and the thinnest kind of eyebrows but so black they seemed like they was covering black caverns under them. – Mark Twain 1. Is this a loose or periodic sentence? 2. What sentence pattern is this? Label the subject, predicate and direct object. 3. What is the length? Why is this important for this passage? 4. What is the order? Why is this important for this passage? 5. What kind of sentence is this?