Presentation on theme: "More wonderful and exciting information!!"— Presentation transcript:
1More wonderful and exciting information!! SyntaxMore wonderful and exciting information!!
2Sentence Length Telegraphic Short Medium Long Less than 5 words Used for emphasisShort5 to 10 wordsUsed for direct, statements without a lot of detailsMediumMore than 10…less than 30Used for more complex thoughts that require support or detailsLong30 words +Used mostly in academic or argumentative writing
3Sentence Order Natural Order Inverted Order Split Order Constructing a sentence so that the subject comes before the predicateActive voiceOranges grow in California.Inverted OrderConstructing a sentence so that the predicate comes before the subjectPassive voiceCalifornia grows oranges.Split OrderConstructing a sentence so that the subject is in the middleIn California, oranges grow.
4Sentence Pattern Declarative Interrogative Declarative sentences are used to convey information or to make statements:David plays the piano. I hope you can come tomorrow. We've forgotten the milk.InterrogativeInterrogative sentences are used in asking questions:Is this your book? Did you receive my message? Have you found a new job yet?
5Sentence Pattern (cont.) ImperativeImperative sentences are used in issuing orders or directives:Leave your coat in the hall. Give me your phone number. Don't shut the door.ExclamatoryExclamatory sentences are used to make a forceful statement.What a stupid man he is! How wonderful you look!
6Kind: Simple Sentences 1 independent clause and no dependent clauses (Basic statement)Example:He sat near the window.Alex played football.I tried to speak Spanish.
7Kind: Compound Sentences At least 2 independent clauses joined by a coordinator (and , but, or, nor, for, yet, so) (2 Basic statements)Examples:He sat near the window and she sat near the door.Alex played football, so she went shopping.I tried to speak Spanish, but Joe tried French.
8Kind: Complex Sentences 1 independent clause and at least 1 dependent clause introduced by a subordination conjunction ( although, because…)(adverbial clause) or a relative pronoun (who, which…)(adjective clause)Examples:Because he sat near the window, he saw the girl he liked. (loose…periodic)?Alex, who is a good athlete, played football (L/P?)Because I tried to speak Spanish, I was made fun of. (L/P?)
9Kind: Compound/Complex Sentences 2 independent clauses and at least 1 dependent clauseExamples:Although he prefers to sit next to the window, he tried sitting in the front and found that he liked it. (L/P?)Alex played football, so she went shopping in order to pass the time. (L/P?)I tried to speak Spanish, and the class jumped for joy because I finally got it correct! (L/P?)
10Example #1Next morning when the first light came into the sky and the sparrows stirred in the trees, when the cows rattled their chains and the rooster crowed and the early automobiles went whispering along the road, Wilber awoke and looked for Charlotte. – E.B. White1. Is this a loose or periodic sentence?2. What sentence pattern is this? Label the subject, predicateand direct object.3. What is the length? Why is this important for this passage?4. What is the order? Why is this important for this passage?5. What kind of sentence is this?
11Example #2Col. Grangerford was very tall and very slim, and had a darkish-paly complexion, not a sign of red in it anywheres; he was clean-shaved every morning all over his thin face, and he had the thinnest kind of lips and the thinnest kind of nostrils and the thinnest kind of eyebrows but so black they seemed like they was covering black caverns under them. – Mark Twain1. Is this a loose or periodic sentence?2. What sentence pattern is this? Label the subject, predicateand direct object.3. What is the length? Why is this important for this passage?4. What is the order? Why is this important for this passage?5. What kind of sentence is this?