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Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20. Please listen it is the lessons İn the book. No talking please. Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20.

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Presentation on theme: "Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20. Please listen it is the lessons İn the book. No talking please. Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20. Please listen it is the lessons İn the book. No talking please. Hope you enjoy. Grammar From page 1 till 20. Please listen it is the lessons İn the book. No talking please.

2 Four kind of sentences A declarative sentence tells something and ends with a period. Mr. Asgarian ate a pizza. An interrogative sentence asks something and ends with a question mark. Did he eat all seven pizzas? An imperative sentence gives a command or request,and ends with a period. Help me lift him off of the floor. An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point. Mr. Liana sure is nice!

3 Subject and Predicate Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject. In the following sentences, the predicate is enclosed in braces ({}), while the subject is highlighted. Judy {runs}. Judy and her dog {run on the beach every morning}..

4 Independent & Dependent Clauses Clauses :A clause is a group of related words. A clause has both a subject and a predicate. There are two types of clauses. Independent Clause :An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. Here is an example: We walk to school. This sentence expresses a complete thought and can stand alone. Dependent Clause : A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. Here is an example: when the cake is done baking This clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.

5 1. when Mr. Jones yelled Independent Dependent 2. I enjoy the opera Independent Dependent 3. unless it comes today Independent Dependent 4. although I lost the library book Independent Dependent 5. they're going on a picnic Independent Dependent 6. mom found it in the drawer Independent Dependent 7. the fifth graders sang Independent Dependent 8. when the movie is over Independent Dependent 9. I decided to go along Independent Dependent 10. the strength of the man might Independent Dependent 11. we're planning to have a party Independent Dependent Question

6 COMPOUND SENTENCE A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a conjuction. The conjuction are as follows: and,but,or or. In the following compound sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the conjuction and the commas that precede them are in red. A. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. B. Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping. C. Alejandro played football, for Maria went shopping.

7 COMPLEX SENTENCE A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a dependent such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In the following complex sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the subordinators and their commas (when required) are in red. A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. D. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. E. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.

8 Common Noun Nouns name people, places, and things. Every noun can further be classified as common or proper. A common noun names general items. Go into the kitchen. What do you see? Refrigerator, magnet, stove, window, coffee maker, wallpaper, spatula, sink, plate—all of these things are common nouns. Leave the house. Where can you go? Mall, restaurant, school, post office, backyard, beach, pet store, supermarket, gas station—all of these places are common nouns. Go to the mall. Who do you see? Teenager, grandmother, salesclerk, police officer, toddler, manager, window dresser, janitor, shoplifter—all of these people are common nouns. The important thing to remember is that common nouns are general names. They are not capitalized unless they begin a sentence or are part of a title( Proper nouns)Those that name specific things, do require capitalization

9 Proper Noun Nouns name people, places, and things. Every noun can further be classified as common or proper. A proper noun has two distinctive features: 1) it will name a specific [usually a one-of-a-kind] item, and 2) it will begin with a capital letter no matter where it occurs in a sentence. Tina offered Antonio one of her mother's homemade oatmeal cookies but only an Oreo would satisfy his sweet tooth. Cookies = common noun; Oreo = proper noun. Charlie had wanted an easy teacher for his composition class, but he got Mrs. Hacket, whose short temper and unreasonable demands made the semester a torture. Teacher = common noun; Mrs. Hacket = proper noun

10 Hope you enjoyed. Hope you learned new thing from my project.


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