Presentation on theme: "Sentence Structure Ch. 7 p. 184-199. What is sentence structure? The structure of a sentence refers to the kinds and number of clauses it contains. There."— Presentation transcript:
What is sentence structure? The structure of a sentence refers to the kinds and number of clauses it contains. There are 4 kinds of sentence structures: Simple Compound Complex Compound-complex
Simple Sentences A simple sentence contains one independent clause and no subordinate clauses. A simple sentence MAY contain a compound subject, a compound verb, and any number of phrases.
Compound Sentences A compound sentence contains 2 or more independent clauses and no subordinate clauses. The independent clauses are usually joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon. The dog chased the cat, but the cat got away. The cat ran up the tree; all the birds flew away.
Complex Sentences A complex sentence contains 1 independent clause and at least 1 subordinate clause. A subordinate clause can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a complex sentence. Since Mary moved to Louisiana, she has made many new friends.
Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence contains 2 or more independent clauses and at least 1 subordinate clause. Joe has never scored a goal, but he plays football because he loves the game.