Presentation on theme: "Preamble Form a more perfect union Establish justice"— Presentation transcript:
1Preamble Form a more perfect union Establish justice Mission Statement – not lawForm a more perfect unionEstablish justiceEnsure domestic tranquilityProvide for the common defensePromote the general welfareSecure the blessings of liberty
2Article I The Legislative Branch House of RepsMust be at least 25Been citizen for 7 yrsElected every 2 yrsLive in state elected435 members# of Reps determined by pop.SenateMust be at least 30Been citizen for 9 yrsElected every 6 yrsLive in state elected100 members2 per stateVP presides over it
3Article I Rules of Congress Free from arrest during a session.Session begins on January 3 and ends when both houses adjourn.Members of each house make their own rules.Members vote on their salaries.Cannot hold any other public office.
4Article I Powers of Congress Make LawsOverride Presidential veto by 2/3They may coin money, borrow money, and collect taxes.They alone have power to declare war.They alone can make treaties.The regulate trade and commerce.
5Article I Powers Denied Congress Can’t mess with slavery until 1808.Cannot levy an export tax.No money to be spent unless appropriated by Congress.No titles of nobility can be granted.
6Article II The Executive Branch Elected to a 4 yr. term by the Electoral College.Must get a majority of the electoral votesTerm begins on January 20 when sworn in by the Chief Justice.Must be 35 years of age and a natural born citizen – 14 yrs in U.S.
7Article II Powers of the President Commander in Chief of Armed Forces.Can appoint members to head executive offices.Can appoint judges to federal courts; including the Supreme Court.Can negotiate treaties.Can call a special session of Congress
8Article III The Judicial Branch Appointed for life; as long as they’re niceThey interpret all Constitutional law and may be called to settle interstate law.The Constitution says what they say it says.Today, there are nine Justices w/ one being the Chief Justice.
9Article III Actions of the Supreme Court Judicial Review – The power of the court to determine what laws are constitutionalJudicial Activism – A court which seeks to influence society by it’s rulings. Sometimes called legislating from benchJudicial Restraint – A court which seeks to avoid controversy and allows legislatures to clarify laws.
10Article IV Relations of States You are free to move about the country!Deals with extradition from one state to another of criminals.Sets up procedure to admit new statesEach state is guaranteed protection by federal government.
11Article V Amending Process 2/3 of Congress to propose – ¾ of state legislatures to ratify.2/3 of States to call convention – and ¾ of state legislatures to ratify.And the mixture of both.
12Article VI The Supremacy Clause The Constitution is the supreme law of the land.No law trumps the Constitution.
13Article VII Ratification of Constitution 9 of the 13 states must ratify for it to become the law of the land.
14Amendments There are currently 27 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The first 10 are known as the Bill of Rights.They protect our personal freedoms fromthe government.They were added so states would ratify the Constitution.
15Bill of Rights #1 – Religious and political freedom #2 – Right to bear arms#3 – Quartering troops is forbidden (?)#4 – Search and Seizure#5 – Rights of the accused
16Bill of Rights #6 – Right to speedy, public trial #7 – Trial by jury in civil cases#8 – Limits of fines and punishments#9 – Rights of the people#10 – Powers of states and people
17Basic PrinciplesFederalism is the idea that power is shared between state and federal gov’t.Because we do not want the government to have too much power the constitution is based on limited government.The main source of power in the U.S. gov’t is the people.In order to keep one branch from gaining too much power, we have a system of checks and balances.
18Amendment 11 and 12 11 – Citizens cannot sue other states 12 – President and VP must run together as a team (ticket).
19Amendments 13 - 15 13 – Freed the slaves 14 – Former slaves are now citizens15 – Black suffrage – right to voteCivil War Amendments
20Amendments 16 - 18 16th – Federal Income Tax 17th – Direct election of Senators by state populations18th - Prohibition