Presentation on theme: "Preamble Mission Statement – not law Form a more perfect union Establish justice Ensure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the."— Presentation transcript:
Preamble Mission Statement – not law Form a more perfect union Establish justice Ensure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Secure the blessings of liberty
Article I The Legislative Branch House of Reps Must be at least 25 Been citizen for 7 yrs Elected every 2 yrs Live in state elected 435 members # of Reps determined by pop. Senate Must be at least 30 Been citizen for 9 yrs Elected every 6 yrs Live in state elected 100 members 2 per state VP presides over it
Article I Rules of Congress Free from arrest during a session. Session begins on January 3 and ends when both houses adjourn. Members of each house make their own rules. Members vote on their salaries. Cannot hold any other public office.
Article I Powers of Congress Make Laws Override Presidential veto by 2/3 They may coin money, borrow money, and collect taxes. They alone have power to declare war. They alone can make treaties. The regulate trade and commerce.
Article I Powers Denied Congress Can’t mess with slavery until Cannot levy an export tax. No money to be spent unless appropriated by Congress. No titles of nobility can be granted.
Article II The Executive Branch Elected to a 4 yr. term by the Electoral College. Must get a majority of the electoral votes Term begins on January 20 when sworn in by the Chief Justice. Must be 35 years of age and a natural born citizen – 14 yrs in U.S.
Article II Powers of the President Commander in Chief of Armed Forces. Can appoint members to head executive offices. Can appoint judges to federal courts; including the Supreme Court. Can negotiate treaties. Can call a special session of Congress
Article III The Judicial Branch Appointed for life; as long as they’re nice They interpret all Constitutional law and may be called to settle interstate law. The Constitution says what they say it says. Today, there are nine Justices w/ one being the Chief Justice.
Article III Actions of the Supreme Court Judicial Review – The power of the court to determine what laws are constitutional Judicial Activism – A court which seeks to influence society by it’s rulings. Sometimes called legislating from bench Judicial Restraint – A court which seeks to avoid controversy and allows legislatures to clarify laws.
Article IV Relations of States You are free to move about the country! Deals with extradition from one state to another of criminals. Sets up procedure to admit new states Each state is guaranteed protection by federal government.
Article V Amending Process 2/3 of Congress to propose – ¾ of state legislatures to ratify. 2/3 of States to call convention – and ¾ of state legislatures to ratify. And the mixture of both.
Article VI The Supremacy Clause The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. No law trumps the Constitution.
Article VII Ratification of Constitution 9 of the 13 states must ratify for it to become the law of the land.
Amendments There are currently 27 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The first 10 are known as the Bill of Rights. They protect our personal freedoms from the government. They were added so states would ratify the Constitution.
Bill of Rights #1 – Religious and political freedom #2 – Right to bear arms #3 – Quartering troops is forbidden (?) #4 – Search and Seizure #5 – Rights of the accused
Bill of Rights #6 – Right to speedy, public trial #7 – Trial by jury in civil cases #8 – Limits of fines and punishments #9 – Rights of the people #10 – Powers of states and people
Basic Principles Federalism is the idea that power is shared between state and federal gov’t. Because we do not want the government to have too much power the constitution is based on limited government. The main source of power in the U.S. gov’t is the people. In order to keep one branch from gaining too much power, we have a system of checks and balances.
Amendment 11 and – Citizens cannot sue other states 12 – President and VP must run together as a team (ticket).
Amendments – Freed the slaves 14 – Former slaves are now citizens 15 – Black suffrage – right to vote Civil War Amendments
Amendments th – Federal Income Tax 17 th – Direct election of Senators by state populations 18 th - Prohibition
Amendments th – Women’s Suffrage 20 th – Lame Duck Session – moved Presidential Inauguration to Jan st – Repealed prohibition
Amendments nd – Term limit for President 23 rd – Federal elections in D.C. 24 th – Abolition of Poll Taxes 25 th – Presidential disability and succession
Amendments th – Voting age lowered to th – Congressional Pay