2 It represents our belief in UNITED STATES CONSTITUTIONSUPREME LAW OF THE LANDIt represents our belief inPower of govt. comes from the peopleGovernment power is limitedOrdered, organized and structured govt.Representative democracyWritten, May 1787 to Sept. 17877,000 wordsLongest lasting constitution in history
3 Concept 1: Separation of Powers A way of dividing power among three branches of government in which members of the House of Representatives, the Senate, the president, and the federal courts are selected by and responsible to different constituencies.
4 Cartoon #1 Which constitutional principle is represented in this cartoon? What is the message the cartoonist is trying to get across? What symbols does the cartoonist use?Principles of the Constitution: Separation of Powers; Checks and Balances
5 3 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT SEPARATION OF POWERS Legislative BranchExecutive BranchJudicial Branch3 Branches are separate, have different powers, co-equal and checks and balances on one another to make sure one branch does not get to powerfulExecutive ChecksOn LegislativeVeto a lawAsk for warPropose lawsOn JudicialAppoint judgesJudicial ChecksOn Executive and LegislativeDeclare an act of President or law of Congress unconstitutionalAppointed for lifeLegislative ChecksOn ExecutiveOverride a vetoDeclare warimpeachmentOn JudicialApprove judgesImpeachment
6 Concept 2: Checks and Balances A government structure that gives each of the three branches of government some degree of oversight and control over the actions of the others
8 Cartoon #2 Which constitutional principle is represented in this cartoon? What is the message the cartoonist is trying to get across? What symbols does the cartoonist use?Principles of the Constitution: Separation of Powers; Checks and Balances
9 Receive personal copy of the US Constitution Feel free to write your ideas on it or highlight its main points!
10 WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, Art2PREAMBLEWE THE PEOPLE of the United States,in order to form a more perfect Unionestablish Justiceensure domestic Tranquilityprovide for the common defensepromote the general welfareand secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posteritydo ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
11 Article 1 Legislative Branch Makes the law Section 1--House of Representatives and SenateSection 2 & 3---Qualifications for CongressSection 4---Elections and MeetingsSection 5---Rules of OrderSection 6---Pay PrivilegesSection 7---How Bills Become LawsSection 8---Powers of CongressSection 9---Powers Denied to CongressSection 10---Powers Denied to States
12 Article I: Legislative Branch Spells out powers & duties of the bicameral legislatureLists powers given to Congress (Enumerated powers )Right to taxDeclare warRegulate commerceCreate legislation“Necessary and proper”a.k.a. elastic clauseCongress is given the right to make all laws that are necessary and proper to the maintenance of the country
13 Article 1 Section 8 POWERS OF CONGRESS Makes the law Power to tax Powers congressArticle 1 Section 8Makes the lawPower to taxTo coin moneyRegulate foreign and interstate tradeRaise and maintain armed forcesDeclare warGrant patents and copyrightsBuilding hydroelectric damsInterstate highway systemProhibit racial discrimination
14 Art2Article 2Executive Branch Signs, carries out or executes the law into actionSection 1---Qualifications of President & Vice PresidentSection 2---Presidential PowersSection 3---Presidential DutiesSection 4---Impeachment
15 Article II: Executive Branch Defines the powers of the PresidentCommander in Chief of the Armed Forces“The state of the union”Authority to make treatiesAppoint officials with the advice and consent of the Senate“Take care that the laws are faithfully executed”Implied powers = President is assumed to have powers and responsibilities not specifically mentioned in the Constitution
16 Article 2 Executive Power CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT Signs or enforces the lawVeto powerCommander in ChiefAsk for a declaration of warEnter into a treatyGrants pardons and reprievesAppoints ambassadors, judges and cabinetCall a special session of CongressPresident Bush signing a proposed bill of Congress into lawPowers of pres
17 Article 3 Judicial Branch Interprets the law (constitution) Section 1---Qualifications of JudgesSection 2---Jurisdiction of CourtsSection 3---Treason
18 Article III: Judicial Branch Establishes a Supreme Court and defines its jurisdictionJurisdiction = Authority to hear certain casesCongress also given the power to create lower courts
20 Article 4 Concerning the States Section 1---rights and duties of statesSection 2---rights and liabilities of citizensSection 3---admitting new statesSection 4---guarantee to states
21 Article 5 Article 6 Article 7 Amending the Constitution---adding on or changing the Constitution---27 AmendmentsArticle 6Constitution, law of the land…..Supremacy ClauseArticle 7Ratification of Constitution by 9 states
22 How does this political cartoon illustrate the concept of Article VI? This shows Article VI in the Constitution (The Supremacy Clause) = States that national law will be supreme over state law
23 FREEDOM of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition "BILL OF RIGHTS"First 10 Amendments to the Constitution in 1791 Rights and freedoms won in the Revolution are preserved and protected…Bill of rightsFREEDOM of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, PetitionRIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMSNo QUARTERING of soldiers in peacetimeNO UNREASONABLE SEARCH and SEIZUREPROTECTION of ACCUSEDRIGHT TO A SPEEDY, PUBLIC TRIAL BY JURYTRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL SUITSNO EXCESSIVE FINES or CRUEL PUNISHMENTPOWERS RESERVED TO THE PEOPLEPOWERS RESERVED TO THE STATES