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Presentation on theme: "THE CONSTITUTION."— Presentation transcript:


2 It represents our belief in
UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND It represents our belief in Power of govt. comes from the people Government power is limited Ordered, organized and structured govt. Representative democracy Written, May 1787 to Sept. 1787 7,000 words Longest lasting constitution in history

3 Concept 1: Separation of Powers
A way of dividing power among three branches of government in which members of the House of Representatives, the Senate, the president, and the federal courts are selected by and responsible to different constituencies.

4 Cartoon #1 Which constitutional principle is represented in this cartoon? What is the message the cartoonist is trying to get across? What symbols does the cartoonist use? Principles of the Constitution: Separation of Powers; Checks and Balances

Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch 3 Branches are separate, have different powers, co-equal and checks and balances on one another to make sure one branch does not get to powerful Executive Checks On Legislative Veto a law Ask for war Propose laws On Judicial Appoint judges Judicial Checks On Executive and Legislative Declare an act of President or law of Congress unconstitutional Appointed for life Legislative Checks On Executive Override a veto Declare war impeachment On Judicial Approve judges Impeachment

6 Concept 2: Checks and Balances
A government structure that gives each of the three branches of government some degree of oversight and control over the actions of the others


8 Cartoon #2 Which constitutional principle is represented in this cartoon? What is the message the cartoonist is trying to get across? What symbols does the cartoonist use? Principles of the Constitution: Separation of Powers; Checks and Balances

9 Receive personal copy of the US Constitution
Feel free to write your ideas on it or highlight its main points!

10 WE THE PEOPLE of the United States,
Art2 PREAMBLE WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union establish Justice ensure domestic Tranquility provide for the common defense promote the general welfare and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

11 Article 1 Legislative Branch Makes the law
Section 1--House of Representatives and Senate Section 2 & 3---Qualifications for Congress Section 4---Elections and Meetings Section 5---Rules of Order Section 6---Pay Privileges Section 7---How Bills Become Laws Section 8---Powers of Congress Section 9---Powers Denied to Congress Section 10---Powers Denied to States

12 Article I: Legislative Branch
Spells out powers & duties of the bicameral legislature Lists powers given to Congress (Enumerated powers ) Right to tax Declare war Regulate commerce Create legislation “Necessary and proper”a.k.a. elastic clause Congress is given the right to make all laws that are necessary and proper to the maintenance of the country

13 Article 1 Section 8 POWERS OF CONGRESS Makes the law Power to tax
Powers congress Article 1 Section 8 Makes the law Power to tax To coin money Regulate foreign and interstate trade Raise and maintain armed forces Declare war Grant patents and copyrights Building hydroelectric dams Interstate highway system Prohibit racial discrimination

14 Art2 Article 2 Executive Branch Signs, carries out or executes the law into action Section 1---Qualifications of President & Vice President Section 2---Presidential Powers Section 3---Presidential Duties Section 4---Impeachment

15 Article II: Executive Branch
Defines the powers of the President Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces “The state of the union” Authority to make treaties Appoint officials with the advice and consent of the Senate “Take care that the laws are faithfully executed” Implied powers = President is assumed to have powers and responsibilities not specifically mentioned in the Constitution

Signs or enforces the law Veto power Commander in Chief Ask for a declaration of war Enter into a treaty Grants pardons and reprieves Appoints ambassadors, judges and cabinet Call a special session of Congress President Bush signing a proposed bill of Congress into law Powers of pres

17 Article 3 Judicial Branch Interprets the law (constitution)
Section 1---Qualifications of Judges Section 2---Jurisdiction of Courts Section 3---Treason

18 Article III: Judicial Branch
Establishes a Supreme Court and defines its jurisdiction Jurisdiction = Authority to hear certain cases Congress also given the power to create lower courts

19 SUPREME COURT Nevada Supreme Court chart

20 Article 4 Concerning the States
Section 1---rights and duties of states Section 2---rights and liabilities of citizens Section 3---admitting new states Section 4---guarantee to states

21 Article 5 Article 6 Article 7
Amending the Constitution---adding on or changing the Constitution---27 Amendments Article 6 Constitution, law of the land…..Supremacy Clause Article 7 Ratification of Constitution by 9 states

22 How does this political cartoon illustrate the concept of Article VI?
This shows Article VI in the Constitution (The Supremacy Clause) = States that national law will be supreme over state law

23 FREEDOM of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition
"BILL OF RIGHTS" First 10 Amendments to the Constitution in 1791 Rights and freedoms won in the Revolution are preserved and protected… Bill of rights FREEDOM of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS No QUARTERING of soldiers in peacetime NO UNREASONABLE SEARCH and SEIZURE PROTECTION of ACCUSED RIGHT TO A SPEEDY, PUBLIC TRIAL BY JURY TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL SUITS NO EXCESSIVE FINES or CRUEL PUNISHMENT POWERS RESERVED TO THE PEOPLE POWERS RESERVED TO THE STATES



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