2 VocabularyPopular Sovereignty: People are the source of the government’s powerRepublicanism: People elect their political representativesLimited Government: The Constitution limits the actions of government by specifically listing powers it does and does not haveFederalism: In this government system, power is divided between national and state governmentsSeparation of Powers: Each of the three branches of government has its own responsibilitiesChecks and Balances: Each branch of government holds some control over the other two branchesIndividual Rights: Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights
3 Vocabulary continuedEnumerated Powers: Powers that are specifically spelled out in the Constitution for each branch of government.Concurrent Powers: Powers that are held by both the federal government and the stategovernments.Reserved Powers: a political power that a constitution reserves exclusively to the jurisdiction of a particular political authority.
4 Constitution: Ideas it is based on. Magna Carta (1215)English Bill of Rights (1689)Enlightenment (1700s)John Locke (1690)Two Treatises of Civil GovernmentBaron de MontesquieuThe Spirit of Laws (1748)
5 Constitution: Principles the parts of the Constitution apply to the branches of government. Preamble: IntroductionArticlesI: Legislative BranchII: Executive BranchIII: Judicial BranchIV: Relations among StatesV: Amendment ProcessVI: National SupremacyVII: RatificationSectionsAmendmentsPrinciplesPopular SovereigntyRepublicanismLimited GovernmentFederalismSeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesIndividual Rights
6 Preamble: introduction to the Constitution We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
7 Legislative Branch Senate House 100 Senators 435 Representatives Represent state30 yrs. Old6 yr. termApproves treatiesConfirms nominationsPasses legislationHouse435 RepresentativesRepresent district25 yrs. Old2 yr. termOriginates revenue billsImpeach federal officialsPasses legislationHouse of Representatives plus Senate= US CONGRESS
8 Executive Branch (President and the Cabinate) Nominate members to the federal judiciaryVeto laws passed by CongressCommander in Chief of militaryPardons and ReprievesState of the Union (Speech to Congress,Presidential Cabinet, US Supreme CourtRecommends LegislationExecute Laws (Dept. of Justice)
9 Judicial Branch US District courts US Appeals courts US Supreme Court Judicial Review
10 CHECKS AND BALANCES BETWEEN THE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
11 Concurrent Powers Enforce Laws Establish Courts Collect Taxes Borrow MoneyProvide for General WelfareRegulate Trade w/in the StateEstablish Local GovernmentConduct ElectionsEstablish Public School SystemsRegulate TradeCoin MoneyProvide an Army & NavyConduct Foreign AffairsSet Up Federal CourtsConcurrentPowers
12 Amending the Constitution Nationally DrivenCongress2/3 vote of both houses¾ of statesState DrivenConstitutional Convention called by 2/3 of states¾ of states
13 Elastic Clause Article 1, Section 8 Congress shall “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper”Implied powers of the Congress
14 Amendments Personal Rights & Freedoms Right to Bear Arms Quartering of TroopsSearch & SeizureRights of AccusedRight to Speedy TrialRight to Trial by JuryNo Cruel & Unusual PunishmentPowers Reserved to PeoplePowers Reserved to StatesLimits Suits Between StatesElection of President & Vice-PresidentAbolition of SlaveryFormer Slaves’ RightsRight to VoteAllows Income TaxElection of SenatorsProhibitionSuffrageLame DuckRepeal of ProhibitionTerm LimitsDistrict of ColumbiaAbolition of Poll TaxOutlines Presidential SuccessionLowers Voting AgeLimits Congressional Salaries