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The U.S. Constitution Study Guide. The Preamble Can you pick out the purposes of the government?

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Presentation on theme: "The U.S. Constitution Study Guide. The Preamble Can you pick out the purposes of the government?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The U.S. Constitution Study Guide

2 The Preamble Can you pick out the purposes of the government?

3 Preamble terms union justice tranquility defense welfare liberty

4 Article I (Legislative Branch) basic duty of L.B. House of Representatives census every 10 years ALL revenue bills power of impeachment Speaker of the House

5 Senate (2x50)-1/3 VP president of Senate tries impeachment cases Required vote to remove

6 How a Bill becomes a Law

7 Powers of Congress tax borrow naturalization laws coin money PO patents copyrights declare war raise army/navy elastic clause

8 Constitutional protections for YOU! cannot suspend habeas corpus (you have the body) – writ of HC requires the person to be brought to court to determine whether she is being held legally no bills of attainder – singles out an individual or a group for punishment without a trial no ex post facto laws – applies law retroactively to an act or conduct that was legal when committed

9 Reserved powers for states Marriage and divorce laws Education Licenses

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11 Article II Executive Branch P/VP/Cabinet Qualifications for office Commander-in-Chief Pardons Treaties (2/3 approval by Senate) Appointments (majority approval by Senate) Duties of President May be impeached treason, bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors Electoral College (270)

12 Qualifications for President 35 natural-born citizen resident of U.S. for 14 years Who can be president?

13 Treaties President negotiates Senates approves (2/3)

14 How the Electoral College works

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18 E l e c t o r a l V o t e s #EV=# US Reps + 2 Minimum 3 votes 270 needed to win presidency Win the right 11 states President!

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20 2004 Electoral College Map

21 Example

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23 Article III Judicial Branch Interpret the laws Judicial review Supreme Court Other federal courts Trial by jury Treason

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26 Articles IV - VII IV States admitting new states V amendment process VI supreme law of the land VII Ratification

27 Amendments Bill of Rights (1791) 1 speech... 2 arms 3 no quartering 4 search and seizure warrants 5 rights of accused due process double jeopardy no self-incrimination grand jury 6 speedy and fair trial (public) 8 no cruel and unusual punishment

28 Amendments 12 Electoral College 13 free 14 citizens 15 vote 16 income tax 17 direct election of Senators 18/21 no/yes 19 power to the women! yr. olds

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