Presentation on theme: "The U.S. Constitution Study Guide. The Preamble Can you pick out the purposes of the government?"— Presentation transcript:
The U.S. Constitution Study Guide
The Preamble Can you pick out the purposes of the government?
Preamble terms union justice tranquility defense welfare liberty
Article I (Legislative Branch) basic duty of L.B. House of Representatives census every 10 years ALL revenue bills power of impeachment Speaker of the House
Senate (2x50)-1/3 VP president of Senate tries impeachment cases Required vote to remove
How a Bill becomes a Law
Powers of Congress tax borrow naturalization laws coin money PO patents copyrights declare war raise army/navy elastic clause
Constitutional protections for YOU! cannot suspend habeas corpus (you have the body) – writ of HC requires the person to be brought to court to determine whether she is being held legally no bills of attainder – singles out an individual or a group for punishment without a trial no ex post facto laws – applies law retroactively to an act or conduct that was legal when committed
Reserved powers for states Marriage and divorce laws Education Licenses
Article II Executive Branch P/VP/Cabinet Qualifications for office Commander-in-Chief Pardons Treaties (2/3 approval by Senate) Appointments (majority approval by Senate) Duties of President May be impeached treason, bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors Electoral College (270)
Qualifications for President 35 natural-born citizen resident of U.S. for 14 years Who can be president?
Treaties President negotiates Senates approves (2/3)
How the Electoral College works
E l e c t o r a l V o t e s #EV=# US Reps + 2 Minimum 3 votes 270 needed to win presidency Win the right 11 states President!
2004 Electoral College Map
Article III Judicial Branch Interpret the laws Judicial review Supreme Court Other federal courts Trial by jury Treason
Articles IV - VII IV States admitting new states V amendment process VI supreme law of the land VII Ratification
Amendments Bill of Rights (1791) 1 speech... 2 arms 3 no quartering 4 search and seizure warrants 5 rights of accused due process double jeopardy no self-incrimination grand jury 6 speedy and fair trial (public) 8 no cruel and unusual punishment
Amendments 12 Electoral College 13 free 14 citizens 15 vote 16 income tax 17 direct election of Senators 18/21 no/yes 19 power to the women! yr. olds