6 Objectives SWBAT describe how the Constitution can be changed. SWBAT explain the meaning behind the changes to the Constitution after the Bill of Rights (Amendments 11-27)
7 VOTE 2.04 NC Standard2.04 Describe how the United States Constitution may be changed and analyze the impact of specific changes.
8 RAP 23What is the name for the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution?What does it mean to be “flexible?”To amend means to __________ the Constitution.Constitutional flexibility means that the Constitution can be changed (Amended) so it continues to reflect the will of the people.
9 How to Amend!The process for amending the Constitution is stated in Article IV (4) of the US Constitution.
10 Pg. 23 To PROPOSE an Amendment: By 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate2/32/3
11 Pg. 23 To RATIFY an Amendment: ¾ of the state legislaturesFYI: That would mean at least 38 out of 50 States would have to approve the Amendment for the Constitution to be changed.
12 Does it become an amendment if… yes or no Only 1/3 of the House and 1/3 of the Senate vote to propose the Amendment?______2/3 of the House proposes the Amendment, but only 1/3 of the Senate votes to propose an Amendment? ______2/3 of the House and Senate propose, but only ¼ of the state legislatures ratify?____2/3 of the House and Senate propose and ¾ of the state legislatures ratify?_____2/3 of the House and Senate ratify and the President signs the Amendment?____
13 Put on the Amendments 11-27 handout Amendment 11: Supreme court will hear law suits between statesAmendment 12: If there is a tie in the electoral college the House picks the President and the Senate picks the VP.
14 Notes 24 Amendments 13-15 were ratified following the Civil War Amendment 13: Ends SlaveryAmendment 14: Gives all citizens “Equal Protection Under the Laws,” this is later used to end segregation.Amendment 15: Gives ALL Men the right to vote “Suffrage”, even former slaves.
15 ________AmendmentEnded slavery in the United States
16 ______ Amendment Equal protection under the law Everyone must be treated equallyEveryone is a citizen of the USApplied the Bill of Rights to the States
17 _______AmendmentCannot be denied the right to vote based on race, or previous condition of servitudeAll men can vote
18 Notes 24 Amendment 16: Congress can collect the Income Tax Amendment 17: Senators will now be elected by people in each state and NOT by the state legislaturesAmendment 18: Prohibition/Volstead Act--Prohibits the sale or use of AlcoholAmendment 19: Women’s Suffrage (get the right to vote in 1920)
19 ________AmendmentWomen gain suffrage (right to vote)
21 Notes 24Amendment 20: Moves up the Presidential inauguration Jan 20 instead of March.Amendment 21: Repeals the 18th Amendment and allows the sale and consumption of alcohol.Amendment 22: Presidents can only serve 2 terms in office (Max 10 yrs)Amendment 23: Washington DC now gets to have 3 representatives/Electors in the Electoral College.
22 Notes 20Amendment 24: Prohibits the use of a poll tax (tax you have to pay to vote)Amendment 25: Presidential succession: If the president dies, the vice president becomes president.Amendment 26: Makes 18 the national voting ageAmendment 27: Prevents Congress from raising its pay before the end of their term.If they raise their pay, it only goes into effect after an election.
23 _________ Amendment No poll taxes Cannot be forced to pay a fee in order to vote
24 _________AmendmentAll citizens 18 years of age and older have the right to vote
25 Amendment Charades You will draw 2-3 Amendments out of the bag. You will have 5 min with your group to plan your Act.You will have 30 seconds to perform your act.If do a particularly good job you will earn a reward.The other teams will guess. Points are given to teams when they guess correctly.
26 Index CardWhich Amendment was NOT ratified following the Civil War to improve the treatment of slaves?13141215
27 EXIT SLIP Which amendment do you think is the most important? Why? Which ammendment would you be most willing to give up? Why?
28 Index Card Which of the following Amendments gave women suffrage? 20th
29 Index CardWhich of the following most accurately describes the process required for Amending the Constitution?2/3 of Legislature proposes the Amendment which then must be ratified by 3/4 of the statesPresident proposes and the Legislature ratifies the amendmentSupreme court proposes and 2/3 of the Legislature ratify the Amendment3/4 of the states propose an amendment which then must be ratified by a 2/3 vote in the Legislature