2 previewIf men are not angels, what are they? (James Madison’s perspective)Why are governments necessary? (James Madison’s perspective)Is Madison right? Are governments really necessary? How would your life be different if no government existed, and there were no laws or people to enforce them?
3 9.2 The Legislative Branch What is the main job performed by the legislative branch?What does bicameral mean?What are proposals for new laws called?
4 9.3 The Legislative Branch What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives?How old must a person be to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives? To the Senate?
5 9.3 The Legislative Branch Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?What is the length of a term of office for members of the United States Senate?
6 9.3 The Legislative Branch Who has the power to declare war?How many members of the Senate and House are there? How many members of Congress?
7 9.4 The Executive BranchWhat is the main job performed by the executive branch?What does the president promise to defend when he takes the oath of office?What do cabinet members do?
8 9.4 The Executive BranchWhat is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?8. How old must one be to hold the office of president of the United States?
9 9.4 The Executive BranchWho has the power to make treaties with foreign countries?Who has the power to nominate ambassadors, public ministers, or other officers of the United States, such as members of the cabinet?
10 9.4 The Executive BranchWho is the commander in chief of the U.S. military forces?Who has the sole power to try (bring to trial) all impeachments?
11 9.5 The judicial BranchWhat is the main job performed by the judicial branch?What different types of courts make up the judicial branch?What does the term judicial review mean?
12 9.5 The judicial BranchWhat is the length of the term of the office for justices of the United States Supreme Court?Who has the power to resolve issues involving national laws or laws of the United States?
13 9.5 The judicial BranchWho has the power to settle disputes between different states?How many members of the Supreme Court are there?
14 9.6 checks and balances What does the term checks and balances mean? Why do the framers feel it is necessary to include checks and balances in the Constitution?
15 9.6 checks and balancesWhat can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?Who has the power to review all laws and treaties of the United States?
16 9.6 Checks and balances19. Who must approve all judges, cabinet members, and ambassadors that the president appoints to government positions? 20. Who must approve any treaties that are made with foreign countries?
17 9.6 Checks and balances Who has the power to veto laws? What branch of government can check the power of the judiciary by exercising the power to impeach?
18 9.7 The Amendment ProcessWhy did the framers make it possible to change the Constitution?What are two pieces of evidence that prove that amending the Constitution is “difficult”?
19 9.7 The Amendment ProcessWho has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States?Who approves amendments to the Constitution?
20 9.7 The Amendment ProcessHow many amendments have been made to the Constitution?Which amendment gave women the right to vote?
21 9.8 The federal SystemWhy did the framers create a federal system of government in which power is shared between the national and state governments?What is federalism, and why do you think it has caused controversy during our nation’s history?
22 9.8 The federal System Who has the power to print and coin money? What is the “supreme law of the land” and how does it affect what states do?
23 9.8 The federal system29 Why do states need to be concerned about laws passed in other states? 30. Who decides when the Electoral College casts its vote for president?