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The US Constitution. Constitution (cont.) Parts of the Constitutions  Preamble – Introduction  Article I – Legislative Branch  Article II – Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "The US Constitution. Constitution (cont.) Parts of the Constitutions  Preamble – Introduction  Article I – Legislative Branch  Article II – Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 The US Constitution

2 Constitution (cont.) Parts of the Constitutions  Preamble – Introduction  Article I – Legislative Branch  Article II – Executive Branch  Article III – Judicial Branch  Article IV – Relations among States  Article V – Amending the Constitution  Article VI – National Debt, Supremacy of National Law, and Oaths of Office  Article VII – Ratifying the Constitution

3 Preamble To form a more perfect union…  Stronger national government  Promote loyalty  Unite people  Make the US one country

4 Preamble To establish justice…  Peaceful way to settle disputes  Fair, orderly system of justice  Consistent court system

5 Preamble To ensure domestic tranquility…  Protecting citizens from crime  Maintaining law and order

6 Preamble To provide for the common defense…  Defending against foreign enemies  Providing and using the military to protect citizens

7 Preamble To promote the general welfare…  Providing needed services such as health care, education  Dealing with natural disasters  Helping citizens during times of need such as the elderly or disabled

8 Preamble To secure the blessing of liberty…  Protect individual rights  Equal rights to all citizens  Equal protection and treatment

9 Basics of the Constitution (Separation of Powers) Constitution Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch

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11 Executive Branch Executive Branch Cabinet (15 departments) President And Vice - President

12 Executive Branch Powers of the Executive Branch  Directs Foreign Policy  Commander – in – Chief of the Military  Representative of all Americans  Carry out and enforce the nations laws  Power of veto  Cabinet appointments  Federal justice appointments

13 Legislative Branch Legislative Branch Senate (100 members) *two members from Each state House of Representatives (435 members) *membership from each State is based on Population

14 Legislative Branch Powers of the Legislative Branch  Make and pass laws  Control government spending  Watchdog of the executive branch  Ability to impeach any federal official  Propose amendments  Override vetoes  Ratifies treaties  Declare war

15 Judicial Branch Judicial Branch Supreme Court (9 justices) Appellate Courts Military Courts US court of Appeals For the Federal circuits

16 Judicial Branch Powers of the Judicial Branch  Supreme Court  Highest Court  Power of Judicial Review (it can review laws and decide whether the laws are constitutional)  Hear appeals

17 Judicial Branch Powers of the Judicial Branch  Federal Courts  Courts that hear cases that come under federal law  Appeal Courts  Consider district courts decision in which the losing side has asked for a review of the verdict

18 Federalism Federalism – A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national, government and several regional governments

19 Federalism

20 Examples of the National Government’s Powers Establish a postal system Set weights and measures Regulate interstate and foreign trade Raise and support armed forces Declare war Make peace Coin and print money Grant patents and copyrights Establish federal courts Govern territories and admit new states Regulate immigration

21 Examples of the Powers Reserved to the States Regulate trade within the state Write business and corporation laws Establish and maintain public schools Establish local governments Pass marriage and divorce laws Conduct elections Ratify constitutional amendments Pass license requirements for professionals Regulate alcoholic beverages

22 Concurrent Powers (Powers of both the federal & state governments) Levy and collect taxes Borrow money Make and enforce laws Establish and maintain courts Charter banks Provide for public welfare Define crimes and set punishments Claim private property for public use


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