Presentation on theme: "Creating a Foreign Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2Creating a Foreign Policypg.284Setting the Scene
2 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.284Setting the SceneParis, FranceThe Bastille Prison“La Bastille”
3 Chapter 9section 2pg.284The French RevolutionStorming the Bastille prison in France… the start of the French Revolution.
4 The French Revolution pg.284 Chapter 9section 2pg.284The French RevolutionREASON: King Louis XVI (16th) was putting citizens in jail who could not pay their taxes. Peasants and middle class paid high taxes, but nobles didn’t pay any taxes. This was unfair!
5 Vive le REVOLUTION! Vive le France! The French Revolution pg.284 Chapter 9section 2pg.284The French RevolutionVive le REVOLUTION!Vive le France!The French were inspired by the success of the Americans and fought for their independence from King Louis XVI.
6 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.284Creating a Foreign Policy
7 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2Creating a Foreign Policypg.284American SupportThe Marquis de LafayetteAmerican’s admired the Marquis de Lafayette, who had helped America during the Revolutionary War and Lafayette was one of the leaders of the French Revolution.
8 Creating a Foreign Policy Violence Stirs Division Chapter 9section 2pg.284Violence Stirs DivisionThe REIGNOF TERRORThe Guillotine“Off with their head!”The French Revolutionaries were executing anyone who stood in the way of freedom and independence, including King Louis XVI, his wife, and even ordinary citizens (loyalists).
9 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pgCreating a Foreign Policy
10 Creating a Foreign Policy Violence Stirs Division Chapter 9section 2pgViolence Stirs DivisionOne can no more create a democracy through violence, than a snowball can exist in the streets of Philadelphia under a burning sun.I am willing to see half the earth devastated in order to win the liberty of the whole!ThomasJeffersonJohn AdamsWhat are John Adams & Thomas Jefferson saying?Discuss with a partner… who is right?
11 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.284Reasons to support the French: Americans believed in fighting for natural rights(liberties) the French people had helped the Americans fight intheir Revolutionary War the Marquis de Lafayette was well liked because hehelped General Washington with the troops duringthe Revolutionary War. America had signed a treaty with the French peopleduring the Revolutionary War. (allies)
12 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.284Reasons to be against the French: Radical French reformers were being cruel andunfair to innocent French civilians (non-soldiers) America had signed a treaty with King Louis XVIand since he was no longer in power (dead), wedid not have to obey the treaty The French captured some American trading shipsto gain supplies
13 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.285Creating a Foreign Policy
14 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.285Creating a Foreign Policy
15 Creating a Foreign Policy Divisions in the Cabinet Chapter 9section 2pg.285Divisions in the CabinetWe cannot tolerate theviolence of the French rebels!We must help our allies,the French people!John AdamsVice PresidentThomas JeffersonSecretary of StateI agree with Adams.We must keep a foreign policy ofstaying neutral and not taking sides.Alexander HamiltonSecretary of TreasuryGeorge Washington
16 No trading or selling to Britain or France Creating a Foreign PolicyChapter 9section 2pg.285The United States Remains NeutralThe United States will not support either side in this war.Americans should not help either side, Britain or France.Neutrality ProclamationWhat this means:No trading or selling to Britain or France
17 No trading or selling to Britain or France Creating a Foreign PolicyChapter 9section 2pg.285The United States Remains NeutralREASON: To try to avoid war (since America does not have a strong Navy), we should not trade with either country. Then, they will not capture our ships and we will not be forced to respond.No trading or selling to Britain or FranceNeutrality Proclamation
18 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.286Creating a Foreign Policy
19 Creating a Foreign Policy Struggling to Remain Neutral Chapter 9section 2pg.286Struggling to Remain NeutralWashington sends John Jay to make a treaty with Britain about captured ships.
20 Creating a Foreign Policy Struggling to Remain Neutral Chapter 9section 2pg.286Struggling to Remain NeutralorThomas Jefferson John JayWhat is the job of the Secretary of State?Why would Washington send John Jay INSTEAD of Thomas Jefferson?
21 Creating a Foreign Policy Chapter 9section 2pg.286Jay’s Treaty Britain will pay for capturedships and cargo. Britain will remove its soldiersfrom the Ohio River Valley. America will repay debts itowes to Britain from theAmerican Revolution.Jay’s TreatyJohn Jay
23 Washington Retires pg.286 From his farewell address... Chapter 9section 2pg.286Washington Retires“Tis our true policy to steer clearof permanent Alliances, with anyportion of the foreign WorldThe great rule of conduct for us, inregard to foreign nations is … tohave with them as little politicalconnections as possible.”From his farewell address...
24 Washington Retires pg.286 George Washington retired to his home, Chapter 9section 2pg.286Washington RetiresGeorge Washington retired to his home,Mt. Vernon, in Virginia.