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Creating a Foreign Policy Setting the Scene Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284.

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Presentation on theme: "Creating a Foreign Policy Setting the Scene Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creating a Foreign Policy Setting the Scene Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284

2 Creating a Foreign Policy Setting the Scene Paris, France The Bastille Prison “La Bastille” Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284

3 The French Revolution Storming the Bastille prison in France… the start of the French Revolution. Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284

4 The French Revolution REASON: King Louis XVI (16th) was putting citizens in jail who could not pay their taxes. Peasants and middle class paid high taxes, but nobles didn’t pay any taxes. This was unfair! Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284

5 The French Revolution The French were inspired by the success of the Americans and fought for their independence from King Louis XVI. Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284

6 Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284 Creating a Foreign Policy

7 American’s admired the Marquis de Lafayette, who had helped America during the Revolutionary War and Lafayette was one of the leaders of the French Revolution. American Support The Marquis de Lafayette Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284 Creating a Foreign Policy

8 The French Revolutionaries were executing anyone who stood in the way of freedom and independence, including King Louis XVI, his wife, and even ordinary citizens (loyalists). Violence Stirs Division The Guillotine “Off with their head!” Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284 Creating a Foreign Policy

9 Chapter 9 section 2 pg Creating a Foreign Policy

10 John Adams Violence Stirs Division Chapter 9 section 2 pg Thomas Jefferson One can no more create a democracy through violence, than a snowball can exist in the streets of Philadelphia under a burning sun. I am willing to see half the earth devastated in order to win the liberty of the whole! What are John Adams & Thomas Jefferson saying? Discuss with a partner… who is right? Creating a Foreign Policy

11 Reasons to support the French:  Americans believed in fighting for natural rights (liberties)  the French people had helped the Americans fight in their Revolutionary War  the Marquis de Lafayette was well liked because he helped General Washington with the troops during the Revolutionary War.  America had signed a treaty with the French people during the Revolutionary War. (allies) Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284 Creating a Foreign Policy

12 Reasons to be against the French:  Radical French reformers were being cruel and unfair to innocent French civilians (non-soldiers)  America had signed a treaty with King Louis XVI and since he was no longer in power (dead), we did not have to obey the treaty  The French captured some American trading ships to gain supplies Chapter 9 section 2 pg.284 Creating a Foreign Policy

13 Chapter 9 section 2 pg.285 Creating a Foreign Policy

14 Chapter 9 section 2 pg.285 Creating a Foreign Policy

15 Divisions in the Cabinet We must help our allies, the French people! We cannot tolerate the violence of the French rebels! I agree with Adams. We must keep a foreign policy of staying neutral and not taking sides. John Adams Vice President Alexander Hamilton Secretary of Treasury George Washington Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State Chapter 9 section 2 pg.285 Creating a Foreign Policy

16 The United States Remains Neutral The United States will not support either side in this war. Americans should not help either side, Britain or France. Neutrality Proclamation What this means: No trading or selling to Britain or France Chapter 9 section 2 pg.285 Creating a Foreign Policy

17 The United States Remains Neutral No trading or selling to Britain or France Chapter 9 section 2 pg.285 Creating a Foreign Policy REASON: To try to avoid war (since America does not have a strong Navy), we should not trade with either country. Then, they will not capture our ships and we will not be forced to respond. Neutrality Proclamation

18 Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286 Creating a Foreign Policy

19 Struggling to Remain Neutral Washington sends John Jay to make a treaty with Britain about captured ships. Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286 Creating a Foreign Policy

20 Struggling to Remain Neutral What is the job of the Secretary of State? Why would Washington send John Jay INSTEAD of Thomas Jefferson? Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286 Creating a Foreign Policy or Thomas Jefferson John Jay

21 Jay’s Treaty  Britain will pay for captured ships and cargo.  Britain will remove its soldiers from the Ohio River Valley.  America will repay debts it owes to Britain from the American Revolution. Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286 John Jay Creating a Foreign Policy

22 Washington Retires Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286

23 Washington Retires “Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent Alliances, with any portion of the foreign World.... The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations is … to have with them as little political connections as possible.” From his farewell address... Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286

24 Washington Retires Chapter 9 section 2 pg.286 George Washington retired to his home, Mt. Vernon, in Virginia.


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