French Revolution Thomas Jefferson believed that the violence of the revolution was justified.
French Revolution Washington did not want to disrupt the U.S. relations with other countries and wanted to remain neutral. Neutrality – a decision not to take sides in a war
Neutrality Proclamation Proclamation declared that the United States would remain independent from disputes between other nations.
Neutrality Proclamation Difficult to maintain neutrality because American merchants profited from trade with Britain and France.
Neutrality Proclamation U.S. neutrality was challenged because Britain and France seized cargoes from U.S. ships. Frigate: a ship that sails fast and has many guns
Jay’s Treaty Chief Justice John Jay negotiated a treaty with the British Treaty called for Britain to pay damages for seized American ships.
National Unity Threatened American leaders formed political parties to organize support for their views. Americans saw political parties as a threat to national unity.
National Unity Threatened Faction: opposing groups within parties Factions began to grow around Cabinet members Hamilton and Jefferson
National Unity Threatened Hamilton and his supporters wanted a strong federal government. These Federalists drew support from the North.
National Unity Threatened Jefferson believed a strong national government threatened the rights of states. His supporters were Democratic Republicans and included farmers, artisans and wealthy planters.
Adams is Elected President 1796: John Adams becomes the 2 nd President of the U.S. A Federalist, he won the office over Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson became Vice President.
War Avoided President Adams strengthened the navy to keep the nation out of war. Adams resisted war fever and avoided armed conflict.
Federalist Party Splits Hamilton disagreed with Adams over whether the U.S. should go to war. The Federalist Party split as a result of continuing diplomatic talks with France.
Alien and Sedition Acts During crisis with France, the Federalist Party pushed laws through Congress. President could expel any alien, or foreigner, thought to be dangerous to the country.
Alien and Sedition Acts Law made it harder for immigrants to become citizens. Sedition: stirring up rebellion against a government Citizens could be fined or jailed for criticism of government
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Certain states challenged the Sedition Act in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. Thomas Jefferson help pass the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions claimed that states can judge whether a law is constitutional.