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TX. HIST. CHAPTER 8. DIFFICULTIES BETWEEN ANGLOS AND THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT IN THE 1820’S FEDERALIST HELD POWER LEFT THE ANGLOS ALONE 1829 CENTRALIST.

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Presentation on theme: "TX. HIST. CHAPTER 8. DIFFICULTIES BETWEEN ANGLOS AND THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT IN THE 1820’S FEDERALIST HELD POWER LEFT THE ANGLOS ALONE 1829 CENTRALIST."— Presentation transcript:

1 TX. HIST. CHAPTER 8

2 DIFFICULTIES BETWEEN ANGLOS AND THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT IN THE 1820’S FEDERALIST HELD POWER LEFT THE ANGLOS ALONE 1829 CENTRALIST COME TO POWER ISSUED REGULATIONS TO BRING THE STATES OF MEXICO UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT MOST ANGLOS THOUGHT THESE UNFAIR A SERIES OF CLASHES RESULT

3 TROUBLE IN EAST TEXAS HADEN EDWARDS HAD BEEN GIVEN A CONTRACT IN 1826 WAS TO SETTLE 800 FAMILIES AROUND NACADOCHES PEOPLE WERE ALREADY LIVING THERE MANY DID NOT HAVE TITLES TO THEIR LAND EDWARDS SAID THEY MUST SHOW TITLE OR PURCHASE ONE FROM HIM

4 PEOPLE IN THIS AREA WERE FROM LOUISIANA MEXICO AND SOME WERE CHEROKEE MEXICAN REPRESENTATIVE JOSE ANTONIO SAUCEDO SIDE WITH THE SETTLERS THIS ANGERED EDWARDS BENJAMIN EDWARDS SAID THEY SHOULD DECLARE THE COLONY INDEPENDENT MADE AN ALLIANCE WITH A CHEROKEE CHIEF NAMED RICHARD FIELDS ON DECEMBER 15, 1826 THEY TOOK THE OLD STONE FORT IN NACADOCHES

5 THEY RAISED A RED AND WHITE FLAG ON THE FLAG WERE THE WORDS INDEPENDENCE, LIBERTY AND JUSTICE THEY PROCLAIMED THE REPUBLIC OF FREEDONIA THE EDWARDS APPEALED FOR HELP FROM AUSTIN AND THE U.S. AUSTIN OFFERED TO HELP THE MEXICAN GOV. AS THE MEXICAN ARMY APPROACHED THE REBELLION COLLAPSED REBELS FLED TO THE U.S.

6 MEXICO BECOMES FEARFUL MOST ANGLOS DID NOT SUPPORT THE REBELS MEXICAN OFFICIALS WERE WORRIED THAT THE REBELLION WAS A SCHEME TO TAKE TEXAS BY THE U.S. 200 MEXICAN TROOPS WERE PLACED IN NACADOCHES ANTHONY BUTLER, U.S. AMBASSADOR TO MEXICO, OFFERED TO BUY TEXAS

7 GENERAL MANUEL DE MIER Y TERAN EXPEDITION TERAN WAS SENT TO INVESTIGATE THE ANGLO PRESENCE IN TEXAS ANGLOS OUTNUMBERED MEXICAN 5-1 CONCERNS ABOUT THE GROWING AMERICAN INFLUENCE IN THE AREA SAID THAT IF THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT DID NOT ACT TEXAS WOULD BE LOST FOREVER

8 TEXAS COLONIST ARE CONCERNED SLAVE OWNERS WERE WORRIED THAT MEX. WOULD ABOLISH SLAVERY TEXAS HAD BEEN EXEMPT FROM A LAW IN 1829 WHICH HAD DONE THIS IN MEXICO TEXANS FEARED IT WAS ONLY A MATTER OF TIME

9 THE LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 STOPPED IMMIGRATION FROM THE U.S. SUSPENDED EMPRESARIOS CONTRACTS THAT WERE NOT COMPLETED ENCOURAGED IMMIGRATION FROM MEXICO AND EUROPE GAVE GENEROUS LAND GRANTS AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PLACED FORTS TO PREVENT SMUGGLING AND ILLEGAL IMMIGATION PLACED TARIFFS ON IMPORTS

10 THE COLONIST REACT PROSPERITY OF THE ANGLO COLONIST DEPENDED ON TRADE WITH THE U.S. MANY HAD FRIENDS AND RELATIVES WHO WANTED TO JOIN THEM STEPHEN F. AUSTIN TRIED TO NEGOTIATE REALIZED HOW DIFFICULT THE SITUATION WAS

11 REBELLIONS OF 1831 AND 1832 COLONEL JOHN BRADBURN COMMANDED THE GARRISON AT ANNAHUAC WAS IN CHARGE OF COLLECTING TAXES ON IMPORTS ANGERED THE MERCHANTS MAY 1832 HE ARRESTED WILLIAM B. TRAVIS AND PATRICK C. JACK TWO GROUPS OF SETTLERS MARCHED ON ANAHUAC COLONIST MADE CAMP AT TURTLE BAY

12 THE TURTLE BAY RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED JUNE 12, 1832 DECLARED LOYALTY TO MEXICO SUPPORTED ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA SANTA ANNA WAS LEADING A REVOLT AGAINST THE CENTRALIST GOVERNMENT AND PRESIDENT ANASTASIO BUSTAMANTE COLONEL PIEDRAS REMOVED BRADBURN FROM POWER SOLDIERS AT THE FORT IN ANAHUAC DECLARED THEIR SUPPORT FOR SANTA ANNA

13 CLASH AT VELASCO JOHN AUSTIN AND HIS GROUP RETURNED WITH A CANNON WERE NOT PERMITTED TO TAKE THE CANNON TO ANAHUAC FIGHTING BROKE OUT AND THE MEXICAN ARMY RETREATED AFTER RUNNING OUT OF AMMO. BUSTAMANTE RESIGNED IN 1832 SANTA ANNA BECOMES PRESIDENT IN 1833 TEXANS WERE HAPPY

14 CONVENTIONS OF 1832 AND 1833 HELD IN SAN FELIPE OCTOBER, TEXANS WERE DELEGATES MAKE TEXAS A SEPARATE STATE ALLOW IMMIGRATION FROM THE U.S. EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN TARIFFS IMPROVED EDUCATION BETTER PROTECTION FROM NATIVES LAND TITLES FOR SETTLERS IN EAST TEXAS RESOLUTIONS WERE NEVER SENT TO MEXICO

15 CONVENTION OF 1833 MET APRIL 1, 1833 SAM HOUSTON WAS A NEW DELEGATE ADOPTED RESOLUTIONS LIKE THOSE OF 1832 ALSO ADOPTED A STATE CONSTITUTION STEPHEN F. AUSTIN, JAMES MILLER AND ERASMO SEGUIN WERE CHOSEN TO TAKE IT TO MEXICO CITY AUSTIN MADE THE TRIP HIMSELF LEAVES APRIL 1833

16 AUSTIN’S MISSION STALLS ARRIVES IN MEXICO CITY JULY 1833 SANTA ANNA OUT OF TOWN CHOLERA EPIDEMIC RAGES THE CAPITAL THOUSANDS DIE AUSTIN WRITES A LETTER TO SAN ANTONIO DESCRIBES HIS DIFFICULTIES AND TELLS PEOPLE TO FORM THEIR OWN GOVERNMENT

17 SANTA ANNA MEETS WITH AUSTIN NOVEMBER 1833 SANTA ANNA AGREES TO SOME OF THE TERMS WILL NOT GRANT STATEHOOD DID AWAY WITH IMMIGRATION LAWS IMPROVE COURT AND POSTAL SYSTEMS AUSTIN LEAVES DECEMBER 10 TO GO HOME JANUARY 1834, HE REACHES SALTILLO WAS ARRESTED BECAUSE OF THE LETTER HE HAD WRITTEN WAS TAKEN BACK TO MEXICO CITY

18 HE REMAINED IN PRISON FOR VOER A YEAR RAMON MUSQUIZ, PETER GRAYSON, AND SPENCER JACK WERE JUST 3 OF THE PEOPLE WHO TRIED TO HELP AUSTIN DECEMBER HE WAS RELEASED ON BAIL MUST STAY IN MEXICO CITY JULY 1835, WAS GIVEN HIS FREEDOM HE QUICKLY RETURNED HOME

19 REFORMS IN TEXAS CHOLERA AND MALARIA HAD SWEPT THROUGH PARTS OF TEXAS ENDED IN 1834 ENGLISH BECAME THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IN TEXAS REPRESENTATION IN THE LEGISLATURE WAS RAISED FROM 1 TO 3 RELIGIOUS TOLERATION WAS GRANTED

20 TROUBLE ERUPTS AGAIN RESIDENTS COMPLAINED ABOUT THE TARIFFS BEING COLLECTED IN ANAHUAC ANDREW BRISCOE LED THIS ATTACK CAPTAIN ANTONIO TENORIO HAD BISCOE ARRESTED ANGERED MANY TEXANS WILLIAM B. TRAVIS LED A GROUP FROM SAN FELIPE THEY FORCED THE MEXICAN ARMY THERE TO SURRENDER

21 SOLDIERS AGREE TO LEAVE TEXAS TEXAS LEADERS WROTE A LETTER OF APOLOGY TO GENERAL COS, SANTA ANNA’S BROTHER IN LAW COS DEMANDED THAT THE LEADERS INVOLVED BE TURNED OVER TO HIM HE WANTED WILLIAM TRAVIS, FRANK JOHNSON, SAMUEL WILLIAMS AND LORENZO DE ZAVALA COS SAID HE WOULD BRING MANY SOLDIERS TO TEXAS TO ARREST THESE MEN

22 CALL FOR A CONSULTATION PEOPLE OF COLUMBIA CALLED FOR A CONVENTION TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON ON THE BRAZOS ON OCTOBER 15, 1835 TWO GROUPS FORMED PEACE PARTY WANTED NO PROBLEMS WAR PARTY WANTED INDEPENDENCE AUSTIN JOINS THE SIDE FOR INDEPENDENCE “WAR IS OUR ONLY RESOURCE. THERE IS NO OTHER REMEDY. WE MUST DEFEND OUR RIGHTS, OURSELVES AND OUR COUNTRY BY FORCE OF ARMS.”


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