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Ch. 8: Growing Tensions. Texas in the 1820s Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to Texas Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 8: Growing Tensions. Texas in the 1820s Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to Texas Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 8: Growing Tensions

2 Texas in the 1820s Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to Texas Colonies brought more trade, people and changes to Texas Colonists were left alone in Texas and made many of their own decisions Colonists were left alone in Texas and made many of their own decisions Colonists farmed cotton, sugar and corn Colonists farmed cotton, sugar and corn

3 Create a T-Chart Texas in the

4 Federalist Mexico – 1820s Most of 1820s – Federalists control Mexico Most of 1820s – Federalists control Mexico Federalists created a Mexican Constitution in 1824 that set up a federal system of Government where states shared power with the national government Federalists created a Mexican Constitution in 1824 that set up a federal system of Government where states shared power with the national government Colonists left alone to create their way of life and govern themselves Colonists left alone to create their way of life and govern themselves Colonists created schools and newspapers Colonists created schools and newspapers They brought in slaves even though Mexico was opposed to slavery They brought in slaves even though Mexico was opposed to slavery

5 Question: Do you think the colonists in Texas supported the Federalist government? Why or why not? Do you think the colonists in Texas supported the Federalist government? Why or why not?

6 Centralist Control The Centralist Party came into power in 1829 The Centralist Party came into power in 1829 They put an end to the independent lifestyle that people in Texas had grown used to They put an end to the independent lifestyle that people in Texas had grown used to They created laws that put the states under stricter control of the national government They created laws that put the states under stricter control of the national government American colonists considered these laws unnecessary and unfair American colonists considered these laws unnecessary and unfair

7 Conflict in East Texas Empresario Haden Edwards allowed to settle 800 families in East Texas Empresario Haden Edwards allowed to settle 800 families in East Texas When he got there, people were already living on much of the land he had been granted When he got there, people were already living on much of the land he had been granted Edwards demanded that the people pay for the land or leave immediately Edwards demanded that the people pay for the land or leave immediately Mexico said he could not charge them for the land or force them to leave Mexico said he could not charge them for the land or force them to leave

8 The Republic of Fredonia Edwards’ brother, Benjamin, led a small group of settlers in taking the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches Edwards’ brother, Benjamin, led a small group of settlers in taking the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches They declared the colony of Fredonia independent of Mexican rule They declared the colony of Fredonia independent of Mexican rule Edwards asked Stephen Austin for help, but Austin refused, and offered to help the Mexicans Edwards asked Stephen Austin for help, but Austin refused, and offered to help the Mexicans

9 Question: Why do you think Austin refused to help or support the Freedonian revolt? Why do you think he offered to help the Mexican government stop the revolt? Why do you think Austin refused to help or support the Freedonian revolt? Why do you think he offered to help the Mexican government stop the revolt?

10 Mexico Responds to Threat Mexico sent troops from San Antonio to Nacogdoches Mexico sent troops from San Antonio to Nacogdoches When they arrived, the revolt collapsed When they arrived, the revolt collapsed Edwards rebels were either captured or escaped to the United States Edwards rebels were either captured or escaped to the United States

11 Mexican fears in Texas Mexico became worried that more revolts would break out in Texas Mexico became worried that more revolts would break out in Texas 200 soldiers sent to Nacogdoches – Afraid US trying to start a rebellion 200 soldiers sent to Nacogdoches – Afraid US trying to start a rebellion US ambassador to Mexico recommends that Mexico sell Texas to the United States US ambassador to Mexico recommends that Mexico sell Texas to the United States

12 Question: Why do you think Mexico would fear any U.S. influence on Texas settlers? Why do you think Mexico would fear any U.S. influence on Texas settlers?

13 Mier y Teran Investigates Texas Mexico sent General Manuel Mier y Teran to investigate the colonies in Texas Mexico sent General Manuel Mier y Teran to investigate the colonies in Texas He observed that the Anglo-American influence in Texas was very strong, especially East Texas He observed that the Anglo-American influence in Texas was very strong, especially East Texas Anglos outnumber Mexicans 5 to 1 Anglos outnumber Mexicans 5 to 1

14 Mier y Teran’s Report Mier y Teran warned of increasing American influence in Texas Mier y Teran warned of increasing American influence in Texas Warned that if something was not done, “Texas would be lost forever” Warned that if something was not done, “Texas would be lost forever” Recommended many strong actions to protect Texas Recommended many strong actions to protect Texas

15 Mier y Teran’s Suggestions More forts around the settlements More forts around the settlements More trade between Texas and Mexico More trade between Texas and Mexico Encourage European and Mexican colonists in Texas Encourage European and Mexican colonists in Texas

16 Question: Based on what you have learned so far, do you think the U.S. was a real threat to Mexico? Why or why not? Based on what you have learned so far, do you think the U.S. was a real threat to Mexico? Why or why not?

17 Centralist Mexico 1830s Centralists came to power in 1829 Centralists came to power in 1829 Slavery Declared illegal in 1829, scared colonists Slavery Declared illegal in 1829, scared colonists Brought the states under more strict national control Brought the states under more strict national control Colonists saw many of the freedoms that they had slipping away Colonists saw many of the freedoms that they had slipping away

18 Law of April 6, 1830 Centralist Government created law based on Mier y Teran’s suggestions Centralist Government created law based on Mier y Teran’s suggestions Stopped immigration from US Stopped immigration from US Suspended unfinished empresario contracts Suspended unfinished empresario contracts Encouraged colonists from Europe and Mexico Encouraged colonists from Europe and Mexico Created new forts in Texas Created new forts in Texas Discouraged trade with US through Customs duties on goods from foreign countries Discouraged trade with US through Customs duties on goods from foreign countries

19 Question: How did the Law of April 6, 1830 impact the relationship between the Texan colonists and the Mexican government? How did the Law of April 6, 1830 impact the relationship between the Texan colonists and the Mexican government?


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