2 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS Resulted in major changes in trade Texas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of the United States, since most immigrants to Texas came from there.
3 HADEN EDWARDSHaden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near NacogdochesEdwards found that settlers were already living on his lands.
4 HADEN EDWARDSMexican political chief Jose Antonio Saucedo sympathized with the settlersHe told Edwards that he could not charge the settlers for new land titles
5 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAEdwards’ brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in NacogdochesThey proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico.
6 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAMexican soldiers were sent to put down the revolt. Most Fredonians fled into the United States.
7 OLD STONE FORTNacogdoches was the site of the 1st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities.
8 Investigation into Revolt Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings.He observed that the U.S. influence was strong, Anglo American settlers outnumbered Mexican settlers
9 NEW LAWSIn 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order, abolishing slavery in Mexico and Texas.Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree.Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders.
10 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 New forts created Custom duties were placed on American goodsEmpresario contracts were suspendedImmigration from Mexico continued into Texas
11 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830Ended all immigration from the United States
12 ANAHUAC Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico Commanded by John Davis Bradburn
13 ANAHUACBradburn was unpopular with the settlers; he arrested Travis and Jack for interfering with tax collection.Settlers fought backJose’ Piedras, commander of Nacogdoches garrison, sided with settlers and removed Bradburn from command.
14 BATTLE OF VELASCOJohn Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at AnahuacMexican troops under Col. Ugartechea would not let Austin and his men pass at Velasco because he thought Austin was a rebel.The two groups fought; Ugartechea and his troops surrendered
15 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS While waiting for John Austin’s return, colonists adopted a resolution declaring their loyalty to Mexico.
16 MEXICAN REVOLUTIONSanta Anna was popular with the colonists because he supported the Constitution of 1824, favored by the Texans.Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist.
17 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833Delegates met at San Felipe; resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican statePrepared a constitution for the proposed state
18 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna.Santa Anna agreed to repeal the law restricting immigration from the United States
19 AUSTIN IS ARRESTEDAustin spent a year in jail in Mexico CityCos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824.On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written
20 MARTIN DE COS Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Brother-in-law of Santa AnnaAngry with Texas colonists over new fighting at Anahuac.Would not accept apology from colonists; wanted to arrest Texas leaders
21 CONSULTATION OF 1835Texas colonists concerned about the situation and called for a convention at Washington-On-The-Brazos.
35 REVIEW QUESTIONAll were some of the changes made from the April 6, 1830 law, EXCEPT?New forts were builtImmigration from Mexico endedEmpressario contracts were suspended
36 Immigration from Mexico ended answerImmigration from Mexico ended
37 REVIEW QUESTION Who was Martin de Cos? Representative to the Coahuila y Tejas legislatureCommander of Mexican forces in CoahuilaGovernor of Mexico
38 Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila answerCommander of Mexican forces in Coahuila
39 REVIEW QUESTIONWhy was Santa Anna initially popular with the Texas colonists?He declared himself a CentralistHe declared himself a RepublicanHe declared himself a Federalist
40 answer Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist. And, he supported the Mexican Constitution of 1824, favored by the Texans.
41 REVIEW QUESTION What did the 1829 decree do? Ended immigration to TexasEnded slavery in Mexico, but not in TexasEnded slavery in both Mexico and Texas
42 It abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas answerIt abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas
43 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat did Empressario Haden Edwards find upon his arrival in Nacogdoches in East Texas?A Native American villageA fertile wildernessPeople already living on the land
44 People were already living on the land. answerPeople were already living on the land.
45 REVIEW QUESTIONWhere was the site of the 1st clash between Texas colonists and Mexican troops?NacogdochesRepublic of FredoniaWashington-on-the-Brazos
46 The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches. answerThe Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches.
47 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat was the name of the independent country proclaimed by Benjamin Edwards?San FelipeNacogdochesRepublic of Fredonia
48 The Republic of Fredonia answerThe Republic of Fredonia
49 REVIEW QUESTION What were the Turtle Bay Resolutions? Document that Santa Anna promised to supportConstitution for the proposed Mexican state of TexasStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
50 Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico answerStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
51 REVIEW QUESTIONAfter Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers put down the revolt at Fredonia, what did he observe?Anglo American influence was strongSettlers were mostly CatholicSettlers owned no slaves
52 Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong. answerTeran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong.
53 REVIEW QUESTIONWhy did Ugartechea try to arrest John Austin at the Battle of Velasco?Austin refused to pay customs dutiesUgartechea thought Austin was a rebelThere was a warrant for Austin’s arrest
54 Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. answerUgartechea thought Austin was a rebel.
55 REVIEW QUESTIONWhere were the conventions of 1832 and 1833 held? What was resolved in 1833?San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican stateWashington-on-the-Brazos; to end Mexican rule in TexasNacogdoches; to accept the Mexican constitution
56 San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state answerSan Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state
57 REVIEW QUESTION What is an order that has the force of law? Rule ConstitutionDecree