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GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS  Resulted in major changes in trade  Texas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of.

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Presentation on theme: "GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS  Resulted in major changes in trade  Texas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 GROWING TENSIONS Texas History, Ch. 8

3 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTS  Resulted in major changes in trade  Texas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of the United States, since most immigrants to Texas came from there.

4 HADEN EDWARDS  Haden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near Nacogdoches  Edwards found that settlers were already living on his lands.

5 HADEN EDWARDS  Mexican political chief Jose Antonio Saucedo sympathized with the settlers  He told Edwards that he could not charge the settlers for new land titles

6 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIA  Edwards’ brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches  They proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico.

7 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIA  Mexican soldiers were sent to put down the revolt. Most Fredonians fled into the United States.

8 OLD STONE FORT  Nacogdoches was the site of the 1 st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities.

9 Investigation into Revolt  Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings.  He observed that the U.S. influence was strong, Anglo American settlers outnumbered Mexican settlers

10 NEW LAWS  In 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order, abolishing slavery in Mexico and Texas.  Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree.  Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders.

11 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830  New forts created  Custom duties were placed on American goods  Empresario contracts were suspended  Immigration from Mexico continued into Texas

12 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830  Ended all immigration from the United States

13 ANAHUAC  Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico  Commanded by John Davis Bradburn

14 ANAHUAC  Bradburn was unpopular with the settlers; he arrested Travis and Jack for interfering with tax collection.  Settlers fought back  Jose’ Piedras, commander of Nacogdoches garrison, sided with settlers and removed Bradburn from command.

15 BATTLE OF VELASCO  John Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at Anahuac  Mexican troops under Col. Ugartechea would not let Austin and his men pass at Velasco because he thought Austin was a rebel.  The two groups fought; Ugartechea and his troops surrendered

16 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS  While waiting for John Austin’s return, colonists adopted a resolution declaring their loyalty to Mexico.

17 MEXICAN REVOLUTION  Santa Anna was popular with the colonists because he supported the Constitution of 1824, favored by the Texans.  Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist.

18 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833  Delegates met at San Felipe; resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican state  Prepared a constitution for the proposed state

19 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833  Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna.  Santa Anna agreed to repeal the law restricting immigration from the United States

20 AUSTIN IS ARRESTED  On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written  Austin spent a year in jail in Mexico City  Cos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824.

21 MARTIN DE COS  Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila  Brother-in-law of Santa Anna  Angry with Texas colonists over new fighting at Anahuac.  Would not accept apology from colonists; wanted to arrest Texas leaders

22 CONSULTATION OF 1835  Texas colonists concerned about the situation and called for a convention at Washington- On-The- Brazos.

23 WASHINGTON-ON-THE- BRAZOS

24 Peace Party vs. War Party  Stephen F. Austin returned from Mexico and told delegates to prepare for war.  “War is our only resource.”

25 TEXAS in 1835  He approved the Consultation because he thought Santa Anna was becoming a dictator.  Dictator: ruler with absolute power

26 REVIEW QUESTION Where was the Consultation of 1835 held? Mexico City Washington-on-the-Brazos San Felipe

27 answer   Washington-On- The-Brazos

28 REVIEW QUESTION Who said, “War is our only resource!”?   William B. Travis   Stephen F. Austin   Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

29 answer   Stephen F. Austin

30 REVIEW QUESTION Why did Stephen F. Austin approve the Consultation?   He thought he would be imprisoned   War would not solve any problems   Santa Anna was becoming a dictator

31 answer   He thought Santa Anna was becoming a dictator.

32 REVIEW QUESTION The opening of Texas to settlement in 1820s Texas resulted in what?   Major changes in trade   War with Spain   War with Mexico

33 answer   Major changes in trade

34 REVIEW QUESTION With which country’s economy was Texas most closely tied?   United States   France   Spain

35 answer   The United States

36 REVIEW QUESTION All were some of the changes made from the April 6, 1830 law, EXCEPT?   New forts were built   Immigration from Mexico ended   Empressario contracts were suspended

37 answer   Immigration from Mexico ended

38 REVIEW QUESTION Who was Martin de Cos?   Representative to the Coahuila y Tejas legislature   Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila   Governor of Mexico

39 answer  Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila

40 REVIEW QUESTION Why was Santa Anna initially popular with the Texas colonists?   He declared himself a Centralist   He declared himself a Republican   He declared himself a Federalist

41 answer  Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist.  And, he supported the Mexican Constitution of 1824, favored by the Texans.

42 REVIEW QUESTION What did the 1829 decree do?   Ended immigration to Texas   Ended slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas   Ended slavery in both Mexico and Texas

43 answer   It abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas

44 REVIEW QUESTION What did Empressario Haden Edwards find upon his arrival in Nacogdoches in East Texas?   A Native American village   A fertile wilderness   People already living on the land

45 answer   People were already living on the land.

46 REVIEW QUESTION Where was the site of the 1 st clash between Texas colonists and Mexican troops?   Nacogdoches   Republic of Fredonia   Washington-on-the-Brazos

47 answer   The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches.

48 REVIEW QUESTION What was the name of the independent country proclaimed by Benjamin Edwards?   San Felipe   Nacogdoches   Republic of Fredonia

49 answer   The Republic of Fredonia

50 REVIEW QUESTION What were the Turtle Bay Resolutions?   Document that Santa Anna promised to support   Constitution for the proposed Mexican state of Texas   Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico

51 answer   Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico

52 REVIEW QUESTION After Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers put down the revolt at Fredonia, what did he observe?   Anglo American influence was strong   Settlers were mostly Catholic   Settlers owned no slaves

53 answer   Teran observed that the Anglo- America influence was strong.

54 REVIEW QUESTION Why did Ugartechea try to arrest John Austin at the Battle of Velasco?   Austin refused to pay customs duties   Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel   There was a warrant for Austin’s arrest

55 answer  Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel.

56 REVIEW QUESTION Where were the conventions of 1832 and 1833 held? What was resolved in 1833?   San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state   Washington-on-the-Brazos; to end Mexican rule in Texas   Nacogdoches; to accept the Mexican constitution

57 answer   San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state

58 REVIEW QUESTION What is an order that has the force of law?   Rule   Constitution   Decree

59 answer   Decree

60 REVIEW QUESTION Where was Stephen F. Austin imprisoned?   Mexico City   Coahuila   Saltill o

61 answer  Mexico City

62 REVIEW QUESTION What document did Santa Anna promise to support?   Law of April 6, 1830   Turtle Bayou Resolutions   Mexican Constitution of 1824

63 answer

64 GOOD LUCK ON THE TEST! TEXAS HISTORY CHAPTER 8:


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