21820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTSTexas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of the United States, since most immigrants to Texas came from there.
3HADEN EDWARDSHaden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near NacogdochesEdwards found that settlers were already living on his lands.
4REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAEdwards’ brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in NacogdochesThey proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico.
5REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAMexican soldiers were sent to put down the revolt. Most Fredonians fled back into the U.S. The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers.
6OLD STONE FORTNacogdoches was the site of the 1st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities.
7Investigation into Revolt Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings.Colonel Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo American influence was strong, as settlers from the U.S. outnumbered Mexican settlers.
8NEW LAWSIn 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order that has the force of law, abolishing slavery in both Mexico and Texas.Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree.Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders.
9LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 New forts created Custom duties were placed on American goodsEmpresario contracts were suspendedThe purpose of the law was to deny further Anglo-American influence in East Texas
10LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830Ended all immigration from the United States
11ANAHUAC Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico Commanded by John Davis Bradburn
12ANAHUACBradburn was unpopular with the settlers; he arrested Travis and Jack for interfering with the collection of import taxes.
13ANAHUACThe Mexican commander of Nacogdoches garrison sided with settlers and removed Bradburn from command.
14BATTLE OF VELASCOJohn Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at Anahuac.Mexican troops under Col. Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel.
15BATTLE OF VELASCOThe two groups fought; Ugartechea and his troops surrendered.
16TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS While waiting for John Austin’s return, colonists adopted a resolution declaring their loyalty to Mexico.
17TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS A resolution is a formal statement.
18MEXICAN REVOLUTIONSanta Anna was popular with the colonists because he declared he was a Federalist.Anastasio Bustamente was the unpopular Centralist President of Mexico.
19CONVENTIONS OFDelegates met at San Felipe and resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican statePrepared a constitution for the proposed state
20CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna.
21AUSTIN IS ARRESTEDAustin spent a year in jail in Mexico CityCos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824.On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written to authorities in San Antonio
22MARTIN DE COS Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Brother-in-law of Santa AnnaWanted to arrest Texas leaders
23CONSULTATION OF 1835Texas colonists concerned about the situation and called for a convention at Washington-On-The-Brazos.
30REVIEW QUESTION Austin said, “War is our only resource!” Why? He thought war would help the economyHe believed Santa Anna had become a dictatorHe believed war was the only way for Texas to stay apart from Mexico
31He believed Santa Anna had become a dictator answerHe believed Santa Anna had become a dictator
32REVIEW QUESTIONWith which country’s economy was Texas most closely tied?United StatesFranceSpain
34REVIEW QUESTION The Law of April 6, 1830 Mexican Constitution of 1824 What action suspended empresario contracts and immigration to Texas from the U.S.?The Law of April 6, 1830Mexican Constitution of 1824Consultation of
36REVIEW QUESTION What was the purpose of the Law of April 6, 1830? To eliminate import taxesTo deny Spanish occupationTo deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas
37To deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas. answerTo deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas.
38REVIEW QUESTION Who was Martin de Cos? Representative to the Coahuila y Tejas legislatureCommander of Mexican forces in CoahuilaGovernor of Mexico
39Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila answerCommander of Mexican forces in Coahuila
40REVIEW QUESTIONWhy was Santa Anna initially popular with the Texas colonists?He declared himself a CentralistHe declared himself a RepublicanHe declared himself a Federalist
41Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist. answerSanta Anna declared he was a Federalist.
42REVIEW QUESTION What did the 1829 decree do? Ended immigration to TexasEnded slavery in Mexico, but not in TexasEnded slavery in both Mexico and Texas
43It abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas answerIt abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas
44REVIEW QUESTIONWhat did Empressario Haden Edwards find upon his arrival in Nacogdoches in East Texas?A Native American villageA fertile wildernessPeople already living on the land
45People were already living on the land. answerPeople were already living on the land.
46REVIEW QUESTIONWhy did Benjamin Edwards seize the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches?To frighten Native AmericansTo revolt against Austin’s colonyTo declare independence from Mexico
47To declare independence from Mexico answerTo declare independence from Mexico
48REVIEW QUESTION What happened as a result of the Fredonian Revolt? The U.S. lost interest in TexasThe Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlersFredonia gained its independence
49The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers answerThe Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers
50REVIEW QUESTIONWhere was the site of the 1st clash between Texas colonists and Mexican troops?NacogdochesRepublic of FredoniaWashington-on-the-Brazos
51The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches. answerThe Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches.
52REVIEW QUESTION What were the Turtle Bay Resolutions? Document that Santa Anna promised to supportConstitution for the proposed Mexican state of TexasStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
53Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico answerStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
54REVIEW QUESTIONAfter Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers put down the revolt at Fredonia, what did he observe?Anglo American influence was strongSettlers were mostly CatholicSettlers owned no slaves
55Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong. answerMier y Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong.
56REVIEW QUESTIONWhy did Ugartechea try to arrest John Austin at the Battle of Velasco?Austin refused to pay customs dutiesUgartechea thought Austin was a rebelThere was a warrant for Austin’s arrest
57Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. answerUgartechea thought Austin was a rebel.
58REVIEW QUESTIONWhere were the conventions of 1832 and 1833 held? What was resolved in 1833?San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican stateWashington-on-the-Brazos; to end Mexican rule in TexasNacogdoches; to accept the Mexican constitution
59San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state answerSan Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state
60REVIEW QUESTION What is an order that has the force of law? Rule ConstitutionDecree