2 1820s TEXAS SETTLEMENTSTexas’ economy was closely tied to the economy of the United States, since most immigrants to Texas came from there.
3 HADEN EDWARDSHaden Edwards was awarded contract in East Texas, near NacogdochesEdwards found that settlers were already living on his lands.
4 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAEdwards’ brother, Benjamin, and a small group of settlers took over the Old Stone Fort in NacogdochesThey proclaimed themselves an independent country from Mexico.
5 REPUBLIC OF FREDONIAMexican soldiers were sent to put down the revolt. Most Fredonians fled back into the U.S. The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers.
6 OLD STONE FORTNacogdoches was the site of the 1st clash between colonists and Mexican authorities.
7 Investigation into Revolt Mexican soldiers were sent to Nacogdoches to prevent new uprisings.Colonel Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo American influence was strong, as settlers from the U.S. outnumbered Mexican settlers.
8 NEW LAWSIn 1829, the president of Mexico issued a decree, or order that has the force of law, abolishing slavery in both Mexico and Texas.Texans wanted to be exempt, or excused, from this decree.Law never put into effect, but raised fears among Anglo-American slaveholders.
9 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830 New forts created Custom duties were placed on American goodsEmpresario contracts were suspendedThe purpose of the law was to deny further Anglo-American influence in East Texas
10 LAW OF APRIL 6, 1830Ended all immigration from the United States
11 ANAHUAC Port and Mexican garrison that controlled commerce into Mexico Commanded by John Davis Bradburn
12 ANAHUACBradburn was unpopular with the settlers; he arrested Travis and Jack for interfering with the collection of import taxes.
13 ANAHUACThe Mexican commander of Nacogdoches garrison sided with settlers and removed Bradburn from command.
14 BATTLE OF VELASCOJohn Austin traveled to get a cannon to fight against Bradburn at Anahuac.Mexican troops under Col. Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel.
15 BATTLE OF VELASCOThe two groups fought; Ugartechea and his troops surrendered.
16 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS While waiting for John Austin’s return, colonists adopted a resolution declaring their loyalty to Mexico.
17 TURTLE BAYOU RESOLUTIONS A resolution is a formal statement.
18 MEXICAN REVOLUTIONSanta Anna was popular with the colonists because he declared he was a Federalist.Anastasio Bustamente was the unpopular Centralist President of Mexico.
19 CONVENTIONS OFDelegates met at San Felipe and resolved that Texas become a separate Mexican statePrepared a constitution for the proposed state
20 CONVENTIONS OF 1832, 1833Austin traveled to Mexico City to meet with Santa Anna.
21 AUSTIN IS ARRESTEDAustin spent a year in jail in Mexico CityCos claimed Santa Anna now rejected the Constitution of 1824.On his return to Texas, Austin was arrested in Saltillo for a letter he had written to authorities in San Antonio
22 MARTIN DE COS Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila Brother-in-law of Santa AnnaWanted to arrest Texas leaders
23 CONSULTATION OF 1835Texas colonists concerned about the situation and called for a convention at Washington-On-The-Brazos.
30 REVIEW QUESTION Austin said, “War is our only resource!” Why? He thought war would help the economyHe believed Santa Anna had become a dictatorHe believed war was the only way for Texas to stay apart from Mexico
31 He believed Santa Anna had become a dictator answerHe believed Santa Anna had become a dictator
32 REVIEW QUESTIONWith which country’s economy was Texas most closely tied?United StatesFranceSpain
34 REVIEW QUESTION The Law of April 6, 1830 Mexican Constitution of 1824 What action suspended empresario contracts and immigration to Texas from the U.S.?The Law of April 6, 1830Mexican Constitution of 1824Consultation of
36 REVIEW QUESTION What was the purpose of the Law of April 6, 1830? To eliminate import taxesTo deny Spanish occupationTo deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas
37 To deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas. answerTo deny further Anglo-American influence in Texas.
38 REVIEW QUESTION Who was Martin de Cos? Representative to the Coahuila y Tejas legislatureCommander of Mexican forces in CoahuilaGovernor of Mexico
39 Commander of Mexican forces in Coahuila answerCommander of Mexican forces in Coahuila
40 REVIEW QUESTIONWhy was Santa Anna initially popular with the Texas colonists?He declared himself a CentralistHe declared himself a RepublicanHe declared himself a Federalist
41 Santa Anna declared he was a Federalist. answerSanta Anna declared he was a Federalist.
42 REVIEW QUESTION What did the 1829 decree do? Ended immigration to TexasEnded slavery in Mexico, but not in TexasEnded slavery in both Mexico and Texas
43 It abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas answerIt abolished slavery in Mexico, but not in Texas
44 REVIEW QUESTIONWhat did Empressario Haden Edwards find upon his arrival in Nacogdoches in East Texas?A Native American villageA fertile wildernessPeople already living on the land
45 People were already living on the land. answerPeople were already living on the land.
46 REVIEW QUESTIONWhy did Benjamin Edwards seize the Old Stone Fort in Nacogdoches?To frighten Native AmericansTo revolt against Austin’s colonyTo declare independence from Mexico
47 To declare independence from Mexico answerTo declare independence from Mexico
48 REVIEW QUESTION What happened as a result of the Fredonian Revolt? The U.S. lost interest in TexasThe Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlersFredonia gained its independence
49 The Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers answerThe Mexican government began to distrust Anglo settlers
50 REVIEW QUESTIONWhere was the site of the 1st clash between Texas colonists and Mexican troops?NacogdochesRepublic of FredoniaWashington-on-the-Brazos
51 The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches. answerThe Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches.
52 REVIEW QUESTION What were the Turtle Bay Resolutions? Document that Santa Anna promised to supportConstitution for the proposed Mexican state of TexasStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
53 Statements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico answerStatements in which colonists declared loyalty to Mexico
54 REVIEW QUESTIONAfter Mier y Teran and 200 Mexican soldiers put down the revolt at Fredonia, what did he observe?Anglo American influence was strongSettlers were mostly CatholicSettlers owned no slaves
55 Mier y Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong. answerMier y Teran observed that the Anglo-America influence was strong.
56 REVIEW QUESTIONWhy did Ugartechea try to arrest John Austin at the Battle of Velasco?Austin refused to pay customs dutiesUgartechea thought Austin was a rebelThere was a warrant for Austin’s arrest
57 Ugartechea thought Austin was a rebel. answerUgartechea thought Austin was a rebel.
58 REVIEW QUESTIONWhere were the conventions of 1832 and 1833 held? What was resolved in 1833?San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican stateWashington-on-the-Brazos; to end Mexican rule in TexasNacogdoches; to accept the Mexican constitution
59 San Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state answerSan Felipe; to declare Texas a separate Mexican state
60 REVIEW QUESTION What is an order that has the force of law? Rule ConstitutionDecree