2 KEY STRESS TERMSStress is the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands.Stressor is anything that causes stress.Stress Response is your bodys reaction to a stressorChronic Stress is stress associated with long term problems beyond control
3 Categories of Stressors Biological Stressor, such as illness, or injuriesEnvironmental stressor, such as poverty noise and pollutionCognitive, or thinking stressor, the way you handle a situationPersonal behavior stressor, such as negative reactions caused by tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs or by lack of physical activityLife situation stressor, such as death, divorce, and situations with peers
4 Distress (discomfort) DiStress is a harmful response to a stressor that produces negative events* Failing a test or class* Fighting with friend or family member* Dealing with divorce* Being late
5 EUstress (excited or motivated) A healthful response to a stressor that produces a positive resultPerforming in a competition (play/sports/dance)Taking a testGiving a presentationMoving into a new home
6 Fight or FlightYour body’s response to a stressful situation is automaticPupils dilateHearing improvesHeart rate increasesMuscles tightenSweating increasesAdrenaline is released
8 The Body's Stress Response AlarmResistanceFatigueAlarm is the first stage in the stress response. This is when the body and mind go on high alert. (Flight or Fight Response)During this stage, your body adapts to the rush created by alarm and reacts to the stressor. This is the stage in which you to “fight” or take “flight.”The Third stage of the stress response, a tired feeling takes over that lowers your level of activity. Both the mind and the body become exhausted.
9 If stress continues your body becomes extremely tired or fatigued Physical Fatigue – The muscles work hard for long periods of times, often causing soreness and pain.Physiological Fatigue – Results from constant worry, overworked, depression, boredom, isolation, or feeling overwhelmed.Pathological Fatigue – Brought on by over working the body’s defense and fighting disease. Anemia, flu, over weight, and poor nutrition are a few examples. Drugs and alcohol can increase the feeling of fatigueIf stress continues your body becomes extremely tired or fatigued
10 Controlling Chronic Stress Effects of StressMental/EmotionalPhysicalDifficulty ConcentratingMood SwingsRisk to Substance (Drug) AbuseHeadacheAsthmaFatigueHigh Blood PressureCardiovascular ProblemsWeakened Immune SystemControlling Chronic StressEngage in physical activityLook for support among friends and familyFind a hobby or activity to relaxAvoid using drugsLong-term stress increases blood pressure and cholesterol-inducing chronic hypertensionLack of Enjoyment in Life
11 Personal Causes of Stress Situations involving anxiety, frustration or tensionwill trigger a stress responseLife events – Getting drivers license, graduation, birth, illness, divorce.Physical stressors – pollution, noise, injury, lack of sleep, drug useDaily hassles – time pressures, responsibilities, conflicts.
12 Managing Stress Keep a sense of humor Plan ahead Get enough sleep Participate in regular physical activityEat healthy regular mealsLimit comfort foods (sweets) & CaffeineAvoid drugsTalk with family & friendsPerform Relaxation Techniques
13 Signs of Time Management Problems Always rushingConstantly miss deadlinesHave trouble finding thingsAre overwhelmed by demands and detailsTry to do several tasks at onceCan’t decide what to do next
14 AH! STRESSYOU CAN’T AVOID IT,BUTYOU CAN HANDLE IT!GOOD LUCK!!!!!!!