Presentation on theme: "STRESS TERMS STRESS: A GENERAL CONCEPT DESCRIBING A “LOAD” ON THE SYSTEM. STRESSOR: A SPECIFIC PROBLEM OR ISSUE THAT CAN BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL. STRAIN:"— Presentation transcript:
1STRESS TERMSSTRESS: A GENERAL CONCEPT DESCRIBING A “LOAD” ON THE SYSTEM.STRESSOR: A SPECIFIC PROBLEM OR ISSUE THAT CAN BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL.STRAIN: THE PROLONGED IMPACT OF A STRESSOR ON THE SYSTEM.
2TWO TYPES OF STRESS EUSTRESS: EXAMPLES: POSITIVE AND CHALLENGING EXPERIENCES OF SUCCESS FOLLOWED BY HIGHER EXPECTATIONS.EXAMPLES:WEDDING OR JOB PROMOTION
32. DISTRESS:DISAPPOINTMENT, FAILURE, EMBARRASSMENT OR OTHER NEGATIVE EXPERIENCES.EXAMPLE:LOSING A JOB, FAILING A TEST, FIGHTING WITH YOUR PARENTS.
4KINDS OF STRESSORSBIOLOGICAL: FORM BIOCHEMICAL IMBALANCES, MENTAL OR PHYSICAL ILLNESSES, DISABILITIES OR INJURIES.ENVIRONMENTAL: POVERTY, POLLUTION, CROWDING, NOISE, NATURAL DISASTERSPERSONAL BEHAVIOR: CAUSED BY USING TOBACCO, ALCOHOL, OR OTHER DRUGS.LIFE SITUATIONS: HAVING A RELATIVE OR PET DIES, PARENTS DIVORCE, TROUBLE IN RELATIONSHIP
5PHYSICAL SIGNS OF STRESS INCREASED HEART RATESWEATY PALMSINCREASED BLOOD PRESSUREHEADACHEFATIGUESHALLOW BREATHINGTIGHTNESS IN JAW OR NECK MUSCLES
6EMOTIONAL SIGNS OF STRESS IRRITABLITYANGRY OUTBURSTSDEPRESSIONJEALOUSYRESTLESSNESSNIGHTMARESTENDENCY TO CRYREDUCED SELF-ESTEEM
7BEHAVIORAL SIGNS OF STRESS NAIL BITINGSMOKINGPROCRASTINATINGTAPPINGDIETING
8STRESS AND THE BODY STRESS AND HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE HEADACHES – MOST ADULTS AND HALF OF TEENS GET HEADACHESASTHMA – BREATHING DIFFICULTIES TRIGGERED BY STRESSIMMUNE SYSTEM – LOWERED IMMUNE LEVELS, MORE ILLNESSES
9BODY’S RESPONSE TO STRESS TWO MAJOR SYSTEMS IN THE BODY ARE ACTIVE DURING THE STRESS RESPONSE.NERVOUS SYSTEMENDOCRINE SYSTEM3 STAGES YOUR BODY GOES THROUGH:ALARMRESISTANCEFATIGUE
10FIRST STAGE 1.Alarm: when the body and mind go on high alert. Adrenaline is released during this stage.Fight or flight response.
11SECOND STAGE2. RESISTANCE: The body tries to repair the damage from the stressful event and return to its normal stage.Body functions at high-than-normal levels.Can have ill effects
12THIRD STAGE3. FATIGUE: The tired feeling that lowers one’s level of activity.Physical: may occur at the end of a long day of exercise, muscles soreness and tiredness.Pathological: Overworking the body’s defenses to fight off disease.Psychological: constant worry boredom, isolation.
13Two Ways to Handle Stress Stress Reduction: Eliminating the source of stress by making changes or taking action.Example: Getting a tutor if you arefailing math class.Stress Management: Coping, recovery, reinterpretation, using a technique.Example: Yoga is a stress managementtechnique.
14PHYSICAL STRESS REDUCERS Get enough sleep and rest (avoid sleeping pills)Monitor breathing – shallow breathing results in muscle tensionExercise regularly – relaxed muscles make relaxed nervesListen to your body. Headaches, upset stomach, excessive worrying, and an inability to concentrate, are symptoms that you need some help.Eat balanced mealsTake breaks often. Stand up and walk around, do light exercises, etc.Make your environment fit your needsDress comfortablyLook your bestTake a hot bath or shower to relax nervesPace yourself – don’t try to do everything at onceHave regular physical check-upsPhysically remove yourself from stressful situations
15ORGANIZATION REDUCES STRESS Plan your life and set goalsHave duplicate keys, scissors, tape, important papers, etc.Write things downDon’t procrastinate – that just makes the situation worseBe prepared to wait. Carry a book or something to do while waiting.
17VisualizationA creative process to turn ideas into images to achieve the desired resultCan help build confidence, assist in quitting a habit, or preparation skills.Used in all aspects of life.
18Time ManagementTime management is an effective and easy way to help manage stress.Day planners are helpful.Easy way to prioritize activities and assignments.It can help plan long range goals.
19Yoga Yoga means “joined together” Yoga unifies the mind, body, emotions and spirit.Hatha Yoga is practiced in the 20th century more often than any other type.
20Benefits of fun and laughter Stimulates the Immune SystemStimulates Mental FunctioningEnhances CreativityEnhances ProductionIncreases MotivationIncreases Positive AttitudeLowers StressReduces Anger and Hostility