3 Effects of Stress Vocabulary You’ll Learn To: Stress Perception StressorPsychosomatic ResponseChronic StressExamine causes and effects of stressAnalyze how stress can affect physical emotional and social healthDiscuss how substance abuse harms mental/emotional health
4 Effects of StressStress- is the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands.Stress effects your daily routinesNo matter what thesource, stress can affectyour physical,mental/emotional, andsocial health.
5 Stress in Your LifePerception- is the act of becoming aware through the senses.A way to manage stress is to change how you perceive andreact to eventsthat cause it.
6 Perception continuedReactions to stress can be good or bad.
7 What causes Stress? Stressor- anything that causes stress. People, objects, places, events, and situations.Example Sound of Siren
8 Reacting to Stress Stress in not necessarily good or bad. Positive or NegativeMotivation/Perform betterduring competition.Unhealthy-losing sleep,worry, can cause you notto perform well.
10 Five General Categories of Stressors Biological stressors- such as illness, disabilities, or injuries.Environment stressors- such as poverty, pollution, crowding, noise, or natural disasters.Cognitive, of thinking, stressors- such as the way you perceive a situation or how it affects you and the world around you.
11 Categories Cont’Personal behavior stressors- such as the negative reactions in the body and mind caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs or by lack of physical activity.Life situation stressors- such as the death of a pet, the separation or divorce of parents, or having trouble in relationships with peers.
12 Perception of Stressors Past experiences determine how well you perceive and handle stressors.
13 The Body’s Response to Stress When your brain perceives a situation or event as threatening, it initiates the stress response system (Load Noise).Nervous and Endocrine System- Two major body systems that act automatically regardless of the type of situation.
15 The Stress Response System Alarm- is the first stage of the stress response system.Body and mind go on high alert when comforted with a stressful situation.Alarm Response- pupil dilation, increase in perspiration, faster heart rate and pulse, rise in blood pressure, faster respiration, narrowing of arteries, increased blood flow to muscles and brain, increase in muscle tension, release of blood sugar, fats, and cholesterol.
16 Fight of Flight Response Inborn reaction that all living beings have in response to danger.Alarm begins when thehypothalamusreleases a hormone thatacts on the pituitary gland.The hormone activatesthe adrenal gland thatreleases Adrenaline theemergency hormone.
17 Resistance The second stage is the Resistance. Resistance- During this stage the body adapts to the rush created by the alarm and reacts to the stressor.Fight of flight begins.1) Fight- ability to resist a physical challenge and attack or2) Flight- run faster and farther to escape danger.
18 FatigueFatigue- When exposure to stress is prolonged, the body is affected and losses its ability to adapt to the situation and physical and mental fatigue will set in.Physical fatigue- results whenmuscles work vigorouslyleading to soreness, pain,and injury.
19 FatiguePsychological fatigue- can result from constant worry, overwork, depression, isolation, of feeling overwhelmed.Pathological fatigue- is tiredness brought on by overworking the body’s defenses in fighting disease.
20 Continued StressProlonged or repeated stress can lead to stressful illnesses caused by the changes that take place in your body during these three stages.1) Sleeplessness, upset stomach, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
21 Stress and Your Health Physical Effects Psychosomatic response- a physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness.1) Headache caused by tension2) Asthma3) High blood pressure4) Weakened immune system
22 Mental/Emotional and Social Effects Difficult concentratingMood swingsRisk of substance abuse---primary drug abuse
23 Taking Control of Chronic Stress Chronic stress- stress associated with long term problems, that are beyond a person’s control.1) Engage in physical activity2) Look for support among friends and family3) Find a hobby or activity that relaxes you4) Avoid using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
24 Managing Stress Identify personal causes of stress. 1) Life events 2) Physical stressors3) Daily hasslesPractice refusal skills to avoid stressful situations.
26 Managing Stress You’ll Learn to: Identify personal causes of stress Demonstrate refusal strategies for avoiding some stressful situationsDevelop strategies for managing stressExamine how healthful behaviors help reduce stress.Vocabulary:Stress-management SkillsRelaxation Response
27 Ways to Manage Stress Plan Ahead Get adequate sleep Get regular Physical ActivityEat Nutritious Food1) Eat regular meals2) Limit comfort foods3) Limit caffeineAvoid Tobacco, Alcohol, and other Drugs
28 Stress Management Techniques Stress management Techniques- skills that help an individual handle stress in a healthful, effective way.1) Redirect your energy2) Relax and laugh3) Keep a positive outlook4) Seek out support
29 Relaxation ResponseIs a state of calm that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practice regularly (Opposite of Stress Response).
31 Anxiety and Teen Depression You’ll Learn To:Identify symptoms of anxiety and depressionDevelop strategies for coping with anxiety and depressionIdentify warning signs of major depression that should prompt individuals to seek professional help.Vocabulary:AnxietyDepression
32 Anxiety and Teen Depression Anxiety- is the condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen.Symptoms include: feelings or fear or dread, trembling, restlessness, tension, rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, and sweating.Practice stress management techniques.
33 What is Depression?Depression- is a prolonged feeling or helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.Reactive depression- is a stressful event such as a death.Major depression- is a medical condition requiring treatment.
36 Resiliency Protective Factors You’ll Learn To: Being a Resilient Teen Explain what it means to be resilientDevelop strategies to promote resiliency throughout the life spanExplore methods for developing protective factorsEvaluate how having protective factors helps people avoid risk behaviorsVocabulary:ResiliencyProtective Factors
37 Being a Resilient TeenResiliency- is the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointments, difficulty, or crisis.Resilient people are able to handle adversity in healthful ways and achieve long-term success in spite of negative circumstances.
38 Factors That Affect Resiliency Developmental assets- are the building blocks of development that help young people grow up as healthy, caring, and responsible individuals.Based on external and internal factors.1)commitment to learning2)positive values3)social competency4)positive identity
39 Protective FactorsProtective Factors- Conditions that shield individuals form the negative consequences of exposure to risk.Build resiliency by1) Extra-curricular activities2) Stand up for beliefs3) Resist negative peer pressure4) Develop a sense of purpose