2 Lesson Objectives Describe the 5 different causes of stress Describe the body’s physical response to stressDifferentiate between positive and negative stressDescribe how stress can make you sick
3 What is Stress? Stress is the body’s and mind’s response to a demand Stressor- any situation that puts a demand on the body or mindThere are several different things that can cause stress in someone’s lifeStress can be broken down into 5 categories
4 The 5 Stressors Environmental stressors Biological stressors (pollution, poverty, noise, and natural disasters)Biological stressors(illness, disability, and injury)Thinking stressors(any mental challenge)Behavioral stressors(lack of sleep, no exercise, and drug use)Life change stressors( Death in family, marriage, any significant life change)
5 Physical Response to Stress Anytime we are put in a stressful situation our body responds to help use react to the stressor(ex: stopping a soccer goal, moving out of the way of a fast moving car)The physical changes that happen in the body during a time of stress are know as the Fight or Flight response
6 The Fight or Flight Response During the fight or flight response the body releases the hormone Epinephrine (adrenaline)The release of epinephrine triggers different responses in the body includingIncreases breathing for more oxygenFaster heart rate to increase blood flow to help transport oxygen to the musclesMuscle tensionDilated pupils (increased vision)Digestion slows downBlood sugar level increases to provide more energy
7 Emotional and Behavioral Response to Stress Everyone has the same physical response to stress, but not everyone has the same emotional and behavioral response to stressA person’s response to a stressful event depends on whether they see the stressor as positive or negative.
8 How Can Stress Be Positive? Stress that helps a person achieve a goal by working harder is an example of positive stress.Positive stress is known as eustress(studying for a final exam)
9 Negative StressStress that can make a person sick or keep them from reaching a goal is negative stressNegative stress is known as distress(ex: stressing too much over a final exam)
10 How Can We Make Stress Work For Us Think OptimisticPrepare yourselfOnly concentrate on what you can controlDon’t worry about what is out of your controlDo your best!!!
11 How Stress Can Make You Sick If your body experiences prolonged stress it can weaken the immune system and result in illnessStress over a long period of time can also lead to heart disease and other illnesses like:Cold and fluHeadacheStrokeHeart diseaseChronic fatigueAnxiety disordersInsomniaDepression
12 Quick Recap What are the 5 causes of stress? What are three physical reactions to stress?What is Eustress?What is Distress?What are three illnesses that are the result of prolonged stress?
13 Dealing With StressKey TermsResiliency-the ability to recover from illness, hardship, and other stressorsAsset- a skill or resource that can help a person reach a goalPrioritize- to arrange items in order of importance
14 Take Care of YourselfExercise regularlyGet enough restEat Right
15 Learn to RelaxBreathing ExercisesTension-Releasing Exercises