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Managing Stress & Anxiety Chapter 8 Standard: 1.1.2 Students will apply and justify effective strategies for responding to stress.

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Presentation on theme: "Managing Stress & Anxiety Chapter 8 Standard: 1.1.2 Students will apply and justify effective strategies for responding to stress."— Presentation transcript:

1 Managing Stress & Anxiety Chapter 8 Standard: Students will apply and justify effective strategies for responding to stress.

2 Essential Question-I Can What is stress? I Can Statement: I can learn more about stress and how important it is to deal with stress in a healthy way.

3 Lesson 1 Effects of Stress List situations that cause you stress. List situations that cause you stress. When you are stressed, what thoughts and emotions do you have? When you are stressed, what thoughts and emotions do you have? What physical symptoms do you have when stressed? What physical symptoms do you have when stressed?

4 Vocabulary Stress: the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands Stress: the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands Perception: the act of becoming aware through the senses. Perception: the act of becoming aware through the senses. Stressor: anything that causes stress. (people, objects, places, events) Stressor: anything that causes stress. (people, objects, places, events)

5 Vocabulary - continued Psychosomatic Response: physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness. Psychosomatic Response: physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness. Psycho: means of the mind. Somatic: means of the body. (sleep disorders, skin disorders, stomach & digestive disorders. Psycho: means of the mind. Somatic: means of the body. (sleep disorders, skin disorders, stomach & digestive disorders.

6 Vocabulary - continued Chronic Stress: associated with long term problems that are beyond a person’s control. Chronic stress can last for months; upset stomach, headache, insomnia, appetite change, feeling anxious. Chronic Stress: associated with long term problems that are beyond a person’s control. Chronic stress can last for months; upset stomach, headache, insomnia, appetite change, feeling anxious.

7 Reacting To Stress Not necessarily good or bad. Not necessarily good or bad. Can have positive or negative effects. Can have positive or negative effects. Can motivate you to do your best. Can motivate you to do your best. Give you extra energy to reach goals. Give you extra energy to reach goals.

8 What Causes Stress? Stressors – 5 General Categories of Stressors: Stressors – 5 General Categories of Stressors: Biological: illness, disabilities or injuries. Biological: illness, disabilities or injuries. Environmental: poverty, pollution, crowding, noise, disasters. Environmental: poverty, pollution, crowding, noise, disasters. Cognitive or Thinking: they way you perceive a situation. Cognitive or Thinking: they way you perceive a situation. How it effects you and the world around you. How it effects you and the world around you.

9 Stressors - continued Personal Behaviors: Personal Behaviors: 1. Negative reactions in the mind and body. 1. Negative reactions in the mind and body. 2. Caused by tobacco, alcohol and drugs. 2. Caused by tobacco, alcohol and drugs. 3. Physical inactivity. 3. Physical inactivity.

10 Stressors - continued Life Situations Life Situations 1. death 2. separation 3. trouble with relationships 1. death 2. separation 3. trouble with relationships Complete the following: Complete the following: When I am at the doctor’s office, I feel.... During a test, I feel……………… Having a disagreement with a friend makes me feel………………………………

11 The Body’s Stress Response When threatened your body will respond. Two Body Systems Involved: When threatened your body will respond. Two Body Systems Involved: 1. Nervous System 1. Nervous System 2. Endocrine System 2. Endocrine System Both are reactive to stress, mostly involuntary or automatic. Both are reactive to stress, mostly involuntary or automatic.

12 3 Stages Regardless of Stressor 3 Stages Regardless of Stressor 1. Alarm: 1 st stage of stress response. Go to a higher alert, fight or flight/run response. 1. Alarm: 1 st stage of stress response. Go to a higher alert, fight or flight/run response. A. Physical Symptoms: A. Physical Symptoms: pupil dilation, perspire, faster heart rate & pulse, rise in blood pressure, faster breathing, increase in muscle tension. pupil dilation, perspire, faster heart rate & pulse, rise in blood pressure, faster breathing, increase in muscle tension.

13 Alarm Stage - continued Body Responses Body Responses 1. Hypothalamus: releases a hormone that acts on the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain, receives danger signals. 2. Pituitary: stimulates adrenal gland. 3. Adrenal Glands: secrete adrenaline, emergency hormone.

14 Stage 2 – Stage 3 Resistance: People have been known to accomplish incredible feats in this stage. Resistance: People have been known to accomplish incredible feats in this stage. Fatigue: A tired feeling takes over and lowers level of activity, the body and mind become exhausted. Fatigue: A tired feeling takes over and lowers level of activity, the body and mind become exhausted.

15 Symptoms of Stress Physical Signs: headache, upset stomach Physical Signs: headache, upset stomach Emotional Signs: edginess, crying Emotional Signs: edginess, crying Mental Signs: can’t think, losing sense of humor Mental Signs: can’t think, losing sense of humor Behavioral Signs: not eating, over eating, talking Behavioral Signs: not eating, over eating, talking

16 Strategies for Handling Stress Take a deep breath & think it through Take a deep breath & think it through Redirect the stress response (physical activity) Redirect the stress response (physical activity) Stop and think Stop and think Give yourself breaks Give yourself breaks

17 Physical Effects Headache Headache Asthma Asthma High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Weakened Immune Weakened Immune System System

18 Mental-Emotional & Social Effects Difficulty In Concentration Difficulty In Concentration Mood Swings Mood Swings Risks of Substance Abuse Risks of Substance Abuse

19 Taking Control of Chronic Stress Engage in Physical Activity Engage in Physical Activity Look for Support Among Your Friends & Family Look for Support Among Your Friends & Family Find a Hobby to Relax Find a Hobby to Relax Avoid Using Drugs Avoid Using Drugs


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