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Large Animal Surgery Dental Sx Trephination Amy Fayette November 2005
What does this pic represent Curve of spee
What is the curve of spee The natural slope of the equine dentition
What is the accentuated curve of spee
Are foals born with incisors No
When do the incisors come in 6 days 6 weeks 6 months
When are the incisiors replaced 2.5 years 3.5 years 4.5 years
How long does it take for a tooth to grow to its full size 6 months
How deep are the cups in the teeth 6 mm
How many mm are worn off each year 2 mm
Are foals born with premolars Yes
When are the premolars replaced 1 st is wolf tooth 2 nd PM: 2 years 3 rd PM: 3 years 4 th PM: 4 years
Are foals born with molars No
When do the molars come in 1 year 2 years 3 years
When are the molars replaced They aren’t replaced
How do horses usually grind their food Side to side motion of the teeth
What is this called Enamel points
Where are enamels points Buccal side of maxillary teeth Lingual side of mandibular teeth
What is floating Removing the enamel points
What is this instrument Swale’s mouth gag
What is this instrument Hausmann mouth gag
What is this instrument Speculum
Before floating what should you do Look at the teeth and palpate
What is the arrow pointing to Hook
What is the arrow pointing to Ramp
What procedure is being done here Creating bit seats
What are bit seats, what is the function Rounding of PM 2 so that if the tongue gets stuck between the teeth and bit it can slip out
What instrument is this Tooth cutter
What is wrong with this horse Wave mouth
What is wrong with this horse Wave mouth and ramps
What is wrong with this horse Sheer mouth
What is sheer mouth Very severe enamel points
What is this 3 year old Arabian gelding Retained premolar caps
How do you treat retained premolar caps Pull off (screwdriver)
What is this instrument Molar forceps
What are the options when removing cheek teeth Standing Repulsion under GA –Trephination –Sinusotomy –Buccotomy
How do you decide when to use general anesthesia Give yourself 15-20 minutes to get it out standing then use GA
What is wrong with this horse Diastemma
What is diastema A space between teeth in the same dental arch
What are the steps in tooth extraction Separate gingiva from tooth Loosen teeth Wiggle tooth with a side to side movement Extract using a fulcrum Fill alveolus with PMMA or plaster of paris
What is the benefit of using plaster of paris instead of PMMA PMMA has to be removed, plaster of paris will dissolve on its own
What is this instrument Trephine
What is wrong with this horse Draining tract at the base of the ear Dentigerous cyst
What is a dentigerous cyst Dental remnants
What is the treatment for a dentigerous cyst Complete surgical excision
What is the prognosis for a dentigerous cyst Excellent
What are the landmarks for trephination Half way on an imaginary line from the cranial edge of the facial crest to the medial canthus of the eye 1 cm ventrally from that line
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