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Topic: 3204J By: Anna Fields Equine Teeth. Terminology Mandible: lower jaw bone Maxilla: upper jaw bone Caudal: towards the back Rostral: towards the.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic: 3204J By: Anna Fields Equine Teeth. Terminology Mandible: lower jaw bone Maxilla: upper jaw bone Caudal: towards the back Rostral: towards the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topic: 3204J By: Anna Fields Equine Teeth

2 Terminology Mandible: lower jaw bone Maxilla: upper jaw bone Caudal: towards the back Rostral: towards the front Table: Grinding surface of teeth http://www.lovehealth.co.uk/sale/skull.htm

3 Continuous Growth Horses get 2 sets of teeth Horses get 2 sets of teeth Milk OR Deciduous teeth Milk OR Deciduous teeth Sometimes called caps Sometimes called caps Permanent teeth Permanent teeth Horses teeth continually grow or erupt. Horses teeth continually grow or erupt. Teeth are worn down when horses grind and chew food. Teeth are worn down when horses grind and chew food. http://www.hanne.com/teeth-photos.htm

4 http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html The Skull & Teeth

5 Incisors Front teeth used to grab and rip off grass while grazing Front teeth used to grab and rip off grass while grazing 12 total (6 in upper jaw & 6 in lower jaw) 12 total (6 in upper jaw & 6 in lower jaw) Incisor used for ageing the horse Incisor used for ageing the horse http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html

6 Incisors Central OR Medial Incisor Central OR Medial Incisor I 1 I 1 Intermediate Incisor Intermediate Incisor I 2 I 2 Corner OR Lateral Incisor Corner OR Lateral Incisor I 3 I 3 http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html

7 Premolars The first 3 (most rostral) grinding teeth The first 3 (most rostral) grinding teeth 12 total (3 on each side of the lower and upper jaw) 12 total (3 on each side of the lower and upper jaw) 1 st Premolar (PM2) 1 st Premolar (PM2) 2 nd Premolar (PM3) 2 nd Premolar (PM3) 3 rd Premolar (PM4) 3 rd Premolar (PM4) http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html

8 Wolf Teeth The wolf tooth is also technically a premolar, but it is a very small tooth and not a grinding tooth. The wolf tooth is also technically a premolar, but it is a very small tooth and not a grinding tooth. Wolf Tooth (PM1) Wolf Tooth (PM1) Wolf teeth are often pulled out because the bit rests too closely to them when a horse is being ridden which can cause pain or discomfort. Wolf teeth are often pulled out because the bit rests too closely to them when a horse is being ridden which can cause pain or discomfort. http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html http://www.hanne.com/teeth-photos.htm A horse may have 0-4 wolf teeth

9 Wolf Tooth This picture is an excellent view of the wolf tooth indicated by the yellow arrow. This picture is an excellent view of the wolf tooth indicated by the yellow arrow. The blue arrow points to a new permanent tooth erupting and pushing a cap out of its way. The blue arrow points to a new permanent tooth erupting and pushing a cap out of its way. http://www.crossroadsequinedentistry.com/article-wolf.htm

10 Molars The 3 most caudal grinding teeth The 3 most caudal grinding teeth 12 total (3 on each side of the lower and upper jaw) 12 total (3 on each side of the lower and upper jaw) 1 st Molar (M1) 1 st Molar (M1) 2 nd Molar (M2) 2 nd Molar (M2) 3 rd Molar (M3) 3 rd Molar (M3) http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html

11 Canine Teeth Usually in males only Usually in males only Up to 4 total Up to 4 total Used in the wild during fights Used in the wild during fights Canine Teeth OR Tushes Canine Teeth OR Tushes http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html http://www.crossroadsequinedentistry.com/http://www.crossroadsequinedentistry.com/what.htm

12 Interdental Space Space between incisors & premolars Space between incisors & premolars Place where the bit rests in horses mouth Place where the bit rests in horses mouth Location of the bars of the mouth Location of the bars of the mouth Bars are the hard surfaces created by the jaw bones Bars are the hard surfaces created by the jaw bones http://www.hanne.com/teeth-anatomy.html


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