Presentation on theme: "Leading up to the American Revolution Chapter 4. Before the American Revolution Salutary Neglect (1609-1763) – GB did not enforce laws in AC AC= self."— Presentation transcript:
Leading up to the American Revolution Chapter 4
Before the American Revolution Salutary Neglect (1609-1763) – GB did not enforce laws in AC AC= self gov’t Navigation Acts -1651 GB – controlled AC trade
Problems Facing Parliament Parliament = Brit. Congress King George III F & I War – 1754-1763 War=debts Territory- Atl. Oc. To Miss. R Control
Proclamation of 1763 Can’t settle WEST of App. Mtns American Indians - i.e. Pontiac’s Rebellion
Question What was the name of the area that both GB and France claimed and then fought over that led to the French and Indian War? What side did the Indians mainly fight on in the French and Indian War? Who was the young Colonel that led a retreat from Fort Duquesne after General Braddock was shot and killed?
Sugar Act (1764) Low Duty (import tax) on sugar/molasses Revenue/Smuggling can search: 1.Homes/ Ships/Warehouses
Quartering Act (1765) Mass. Citizens must house Brit. soldiers
Questions What laws are the British trying to enforce again dealing with imports and exports? Why did Britain not really enforce the laws from above in the mid 1600s until 1763? What are the taxes paying for?
Stamp Act (1765) tax on printed matter Newspapers/legal documents/ playing cards
Stamp Act Repealed (1766)
Declaratory Act (1767) Parliament- full authority and AC have to follow all laws passed by them
Townshend Acts (1767) places duties on tea/lead/glass/dyes writs of assistance : gen. warrants – search for smugglers
Questions Why would the colonists be upset with the writs of assistance?
Tea Act (1773) British East India Co – gets tea monopoly THIS WAS NOT A TAX ON TEA!!!!
Question Even though tea was actually cheaper due to this Act, why would the colonists protest it?
Intolerable Acts (Coercive) (1774) 4 laws-punish Boston and Mass. 1. closed port of Boston 2. Royal Martial Law 3. Brit. Officials – commit crime, tried in GB 4. New Quartering Act