Presentation on theme: "Consequences of the GWFE Less Colonial Dependence on Britain Colonials have less respect for British military Colonial Leadership emerges Britain Faces."— Presentation transcript:
Consequences of the GWFE Less Colonial Dependence on Britain Colonials have less respect for British military Colonial Leadership emerges Britain Faces Debt and Increased Costs of Empire
New British Colonial Policy Better Enforcement of Navigation Acts New Regulations New Taxes
New British Colonial Policy Proclamation of 1763 Pontiacs Rebellion Colonial Reaction
Sugar and Stamps The Sugar Act (1764) The American Revenue Act of Revision of Molasses Act of Cut Tax on Foreign Sugar and Molasses Why ? ?
Sugar and Stamps The Stamp Act 1765 Long a stamp tax in Britain What did it tax Colonial Newspapers Legal Documents Playing cards Dice
The Stamp Act Announced March 1765 Effective Nov. 1765
Colonial Response Immediate Protest The Phrase Stamp Act Congress NYC October 1765 Read the Documents
Review Events Since End of the Seven Years War Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act (1764) Stamp Act (1765) Colonial Resistance Repeal of Stamp Act (1766) Declaratory Act
The Second Imperial Crisis Townshend Acts (1767) External Taxes New Board of Customs Commissioners in Boston NY Assembly suspended Colonial Resistance No Taxation without … … Boycott : Sons of Liberty Tensions with Customs Commissioners
The Boston Massacre ( March 5,1770 )
Consequences of Townshend Acts Colonial Position : No internal taxes No external taxes What Authority Does Parliament Have ?, - Townshend Acts Repealed Except for tea Why ?
The Gaspee Incident (1772) Providence, RI coast
Committees of Correspondence First in Boston, 1772 First in Boston, 1772 Purpose was formulating resistance and informing other colonies Purpose was formulating resistance and informing other colonies Spread to other colonies as relations worsened Spread to other colonies as relations worsened
Tea Act (1773) British East India Co British East India Co In financial trouble In financial trouble Many members of Parliament held shares Many members of Parliament held shares Tea Act granted monopoly on distribution of tea in colonies (cheaper tea! Tea Act granted monopoly on distribution of tea in colonies (cheaper tea! Lord North expected the colonials to eagerly choose the cheaper tea (WRONG!). Lord North expected the colonials to eagerly choose the cheaper tea (WRONG!).
Boston Tea Party (1773)
Tar and Feathering
The Coercive ( Intolerable ) ) Acts, 1774 Lord North: Colonies want independence! Boston Port Act Boston Port Act Massachusetts Government Act Massachusetts Government Act Administration of Justice Act Administration of Justice Act 2 nd Quartering Act 2 nd Quartering Act
The Quebec Act (1774)
First Continental Congress (1774) 55 delegates from 12 colonies Urged all colonies to send aid to Mass 6Adopted the Suffolk Resolves 6The Association 6 Declaration of Rights and Grievances 6Meet again in spring
First Continental Congress Denounced the Coercive Acts as intolerable and not to be obeyed. Renewed nonimportation agreements
The British Are Coming... Paul Revere & William Dawes make their midnight ride to warn the Minutemen of approaching British soldiers.
The Shot Heard Round the World ! Lexington & Concord – April 19,1775
The Second Continental Congress (1775) Olive Branch Petition
Cause and Effect Tea Act of 1773 Boston Tea Party Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts Coercive Acts 1 st Continental Congress Coercive Acts Lexington and Concord Lexington and Concord 2 nd Continental Congress …? 2 nd Continental Congress …?