Presentation on theme: "A-11 FINAL REVIEW. CAUSATIVE FORM To specify you are going to pay for the service or that someone else is going to do the things for you. STRUCTURE +"— Presentation transcript:
A-11 FINAL REVIEW
CAUSATIVE FORM To specify you are going to pay for the service or that someone else is going to do the things for you. STRUCTURE + HAVE OR GET the object (what you need) Verb in past participle + + These auxiliaries can be in any time Person
She is going to have her gown made at Pronovias. Martha will get her hair fixed at Silvia Galvan`s Her mother had the invitations printed at her brothers printer. They have got the church reserved for July 20th They are having the band performed by some Joes friends They got their honey moon paid by Marthas father as a gift!
LETS PRACTICE Match the occupations to the services they provide A B D F H H R T U Z Ophthalmologist, they test our eye health Hairdresser They fix our hair Dentist They test our oral health Painter They help us to paint our homes My teeth really hurt! I cant see very well with this glasses! What service do you think they need? Some vandals made a graffiti on my wall! I want to change my hair style!
Its the structure we use to pass messages to people. People involved informant messenger receiver 1 Verbs used 2 For sentences: Say=Tell She said to me, her, etc. that … He told me, her, him etc. that… They said that…… For questions and imperative: Ask He asked me, her, him, etc…. 3 Passing the message WHEN THE INFORMATION IS IN: YOU PASS THE MESSAGE IN: Simple PresentSimple Past Present ContinousPast Continous Present PerfectPast Perfect Present Perfect ContinousPast Perfect Continous Simple PastPast perfect Future WillWOULD CanCOULD REPORTED SPEECH
EXAMPLES in sentences Lynn bought a new house! Kim told me that Lynn had bought a new house! Simple past Past perfect They plan to have a baby! She said that they planed to have a baby! Simple present Simple past Lynn will have a baby next year! Kim said to me that Lynn would have a baby next year! Future Simple Lynn and her husband dont have money! She told me that Lynn and her husband didnt have money! Simple present Simple past I cant believe what youre saying! Tania said that she couldnt believe what I was saying. Present Continous Past Continous Lynn has administrated her money well. Melly said to me that Lynn had administrated her money well. Present Perfect Past perfect
AND WHAT IF THE MESSAGE IS A QUESTION? Passing the message WHEN THE QUESTTION IS IN: YOU PASS THE MESSAGE IN: Simple PresentSimple Past Present ContinousPast Continous Present PerfectPast Perfect Present Perfect ContinousPast Perfect Continous Simple PastPast perfect Future WillWOULD CanCOULD We RESPECT THE TIME OF THE QUESTION and change it into a sentence! QUESTIONS YES or NO QUSTIONS (the answer is usually yes or no) WH- QUESTIONS (what, where, when, who, etc.) We use the connection IF We use the QUESTION as connection. 1 2
Have you sent the s? Did you check the contracts well? Who is using the meeting room at 3 p.m.? Where can we have lunch? YES OR NO QUESTIONS Have you sent the s? Jim asked me IF I had sent the s. Present perfect Past perfect Did you check the contracts well? Ted asked me IF I had checked the contracts well. Do you need the reports? Mary asked me IF I needed the reports. Simple Past Past perfect Simple Present Simple Past WH- QUESTIONS Who is using the meeting room at 3 p.m.? Mary asked me WHO was using the meeting…. Where can we have lunch? Al asked me WHERE we could eat lunch. When will you finish the presentation? The boss asked me WHEN I would finish the presentation. Present continous Past continous Future Will
AND WHAT IF ITS AN ORDER? IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO CHANGE THE TIME AS AN ORDER IS AN ORDER AND WE SIMPLE USE THE INFINITIVE FORM! SARGENT! Clean your room at once! Dont wear that clothes! My Mum asked me TO CLEAN my room at once. My Dad asked me NOT TO WEAR this clothes. Talk to the hand! Dont speak to me like that! His son asked her TO TALK to the hand! My Mum asked me NOT TO SPEAK her like that!
PHRASAL VERBS No little miss, were not letting you off with that clothes! Oh no! my grades let me down again! I need someone to look after my cat while Im away I need to let out my shirts before I kill someone! He looks through the telescope to check the suns activity My doctor is looking into my neck problem to find a solution I looked at the paper this morning and I found terrible news! Hes not the best but he looks down on everyone anyway! Lightly punish Disappoint Take care of Make bigger Examine Investigate Read, check quickly To be arrogant Let off with Let down Look after Let out Look through Look into Look at Look down on
FIXED PHRASES Oh God! This suit fits like a glove to me! I dont want to be in Teds shoes when he has to inform we lost another million! Pula is getting the promotion but Shhh! keep it under your hat! It looks like Frank is the boss but is Malin who wears the trousers If he keeps wasting money on software he will lose his shirt! To be in charge To keep a secret Fit perfectly To be in their position To lose everything valuable