2CAUSATIVE FORM STRUCTURE Verb in past participle HAVE GET + + To specify you are going to pay for the serviceor that someone else is going to do the things for you.STRUCTUREVerb inpastparticipleHAVEORGET++the object(what you need)+PersonThese auxiliariescan be in any time
3Martha will get her hair fixed at Silvia Galvan`s They have got She is going to haveher gown madeat Pronovias.Martha will get her hairfixed at Silvia Galvan`sThey have gotthe churchreservedfor July 20thHer mother hadthe invitationsprintedat her brother’sprinter.They gottheir honey moonpaidby Martha’s fatheras a gift!They are havingthe band performedby some Joe’s friends
4LET’S PRACTICE 1 2 3 4 Match the occupations to the services they provideWhat service do you think they need?1Some vandals made a graffition my wall!Ophthalmologist,they test oureye healthAB D F HH R T U ZHairdresserThey fix our hairMy teeth really hurt!2DentistThey test ouroral health3I want to change my hair style!PainterThey help usto paint our homesI can’t see very well withthis glasses!4
5REPORTED SPEECHIt’s the structure we use to pass messages to people.13People involvedPassing the messagemessengerinformantreceiverWHEN THE INFORMATION IS IN:YOU PASS THE MESSAGE IN:Simple PresentSimple PastPresent ContinousPast ContinousPresent PerfectPast PerfectPresent Perfect ContinousPast Perfect ContinousPast perfectFuture WillWOULDCanCOULD2Verbs usedFor sentences: Say=TellShe said to me, her, etc. that …He told me, her, him etc. that…They said that……For questions and imperative: AskHe asked me, her, him, etc….
6EXAMPLES in sentences Lynn bought a new house! Simple pastKim told me that Lynn had boughta new house!I can’t believe what you’re saying!Past perfectPresent ContinousTania said that she couldn’t believewhat I was saying.Past ContinousThey plan to have a baby!Simple presentShe said that they planedto have a baby!Simple pastLynn has administrated her money well.Present PerfectMelly said to me that Lynnhad administrated her money well.Past perfectLynn will have a baby next year!Future SimpleKim said to me that Lynn would havea baby next year!Lynn and her husband don’t have money!Simple presentShe told me that Lynn and her husbanddidn’t have money!Simple past
72 1 AND WHAT IF THE MESSAGE IS A QUESTION? Passing the message We RESPECT THE TIME OF THE QUESTION and change it into a sentence!2YES or NO QUSTIONS(the answer is usually yes or no)1We use the connection IFPassing the messageQUESTIONSWH- QUESTIONS(what, where, when, who, etc.)We use the QUESTIONas connection.WHEN THE QUESTTION IS IN:YOU PASS THE MESSAGE IN:Simple PresentSimple PastPresent ContinousPast ContinousPresent PerfectPast PerfectPresent Perfect ContinousPast Perfect ContinousPast perfectFuture WillWOULDCanCOULD
8Who is using Have you sent the meeting room the e-mails? at 3 p.m.? Wherecan we havelunch?Did you checkthe contracts well?YES OR NO QUESTIONSWH- QUESTIONSWho is using the meeting room at 3 p.m.?Present continousHave you sent the s?Present perfectMary asked me WHO was using the meeting….Jim asked me IF I had sent the s.Past continousPast perfectWhere can we have lunch?Did you check the contracts well?Simple PastAl asked me WHERE we could eat lunch.Ted asked me IF I had checked the contracts well.Past perfectWhen will you finish the presentation?Do you need the reports?Simple PresentFuture WillMary asked me IF I needed the reports.The boss asked me WHEN I would finishthe presentation.Simple Past
9AND WHAT IF IT’S AN ORDER? Don’t wearthat clothes!Clean your roomat once!My Mum asked me TO CLEAN my room at once.My Dad asked me NOT TO WEAR this clothes.Don’t speakto me like that!Talk tothe hand!IT IS NOT NECESSARYTO CHANGE THE TIMEAS AN ORDER IS AN ORDERAND WE SIMPLE USETHE INFINITIVE FORM!SARGENT!His son asked her TO TALK to the hand!My Mum asked me NOT TO SPEAK her like that!
10PHRASAL VERBS Lightly punish Disappoint Take care of Make bigger ExamineInvestigateRead, check quicklyTo be arrogantLet off withLet downLook afterLet outLook throughNo little miss,we’re not letting you off withthat clothes!Look intoOh no! my gradeslet me down again!Look atLook down onI need someoneto look after my catwhile I’m awayI need to let out my shirtsbefore I kill someone!He looks through the telescopeto check the sun’s activityMy doctor is looking intomy neck problem to find a solutionHe’s not the best but helooks down on everyoneanyway!I looked at the paper this morningand I found terrible news!
11If he keeps wasting money FIXED PHRASESIt looks like Frankis the boss but is Malinwho wears the trousersOh God! This suitfits like a gloveto me!I don’t want to be inTed’s shoes when he hasto inform we lostanother million!If he keeps wasting moneyon softwarehe will lose his shirt!To be in chargeTo be in their positionPula is gettingthe promotion but Shhh!keep it under your hat!To keep a secretTo lose everythingvaluableFit perfectly