Presentation on theme: "Opposition to the power of the national government"— Presentation transcript:
1Opposition to the power of the national government Question 3Opposition to the power of the national government
2Although the power of the national government increased during the early republic, this development often faced serious opposition. Compare the motives and effectiveness of those opposed to the growing power of the national government in TWO of the following: Whiskey Rebellion (1794), Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions ( ), Hartford Convention ( ), Nullification Crisis ( ).
3What is your task?Compare two events that opposed the power of the federal government – what were the cause (motives) and effects of such oppositionHow successful were these events in history in opposing the power of the government
4BRAINSTORM! Whiskey Rebellion Cause? Tax on whiskey – to fund the national debt part of A. Hamilton’s financial planFarmers sensed they are being controlled by eastern interestsinternal tax fought against during revolutionReflects conflict between coastal and backcountry regions – rum v. whiskeyResults?Rebellion failed and the authority of government was strengthened – big show of force by Washington with troops- rebellion not tolerated
5Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Cause?Opposed Alien and Sedition ActsWritten by Jefferson and MadisonDeclared national government violated Bill of Rightsdeclared states have right to judge whether federal government threatens people’s libertiesCan declare federal law null and voidResults?Influential; rallied Republican opinion and provided precedent for states’ rights advocates
6Hartford ConventionCause?Opposition to War of 1812 (“Mr. Madison’s War”)Federalist in the Northeast threatened secession as war continuesDelegates from New England met in Hartford, Conn to discuss possible secessionCondemned the war – hurting their economy – trade based economyProposed constitutional amendments to limit power of federal government (presidents from Virginia!)Results?Led to demise of federalist party
7Nullification CrisisCause?Tariff of 1828 – Tariff of Abominationsstates’ rights and power of central governmentSoutherners feared abolitionist sentiment in the North and continuation of high tariffs – hurts southern economy – sectionalismJohn C. Calhoun expanded on idea of nullification expressed in Virginia and Kentucky resolutions states have the right toForce Bill issued by A. Jackson will use force if necessaryResults?Compromise Tariff of 1833 with both sides claiming victory – force bill nullified – issue not resolved
8What two events would you choose? Are there any connections between the events?Do two of the have similar motives (political or economic)?Do two of them indicate success in challenging the power of the federal government?
9Outine your essay 1st paragraph – 2nd Paragraph 3rd paragraph Introduction – define terms introduce the time periodthesis2nd ParagraphTransition sentenceTopicEvidence to support claimstransition3rd paragraphSame as paragraph 24th paragraphCompare the oppositionsSimilarities /differences in events5th paragraphConclusionYes/but statementsConfirm argument
10Outlining is important part of prewriting!!! This is a must in writing –Keeps you focused on the topics – need to focus on one idea in each paragraphWithout taking the time to organize your essay you could make the following mistakes:Leave out information from brainstormingMake too many generalizationsWonder off topic
11Formulate your thesis - ALWAYS check your thesisDoes it answer the question?Did you address all parts of the question in your thesis?Did you simply restate the question?
12NOW you are ready to start writing Introduction – define terms or time periodSince the formation of the Constitution of the United States, the power of the government has expanded due to various events. Decisions of the Supreme Court headed by John Marshall, the creation of the Bank, and federal control of interstate commerce resulted in loose interpretation of the constitution led to increased power.simply starting your essay with a thesis can lead to confusion and indicate lack of knowledge of time period
13THESIS – which one is better Since the formation of the Constitution of the United States, the power of the government has expanded due to various events. Decisions of the Supreme Court headed by John Marshall, the creation of the Bank, and federal control of interstate commerce resulted in loose interpretation of the constitution led to increased power. Although the power of the government increased, there were often protests which at times challenged the powers of the government.The national government as created in 1789 by the constitution in its infancy was subject to a variety of threats for a variety of reasons. The Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 and the Hartford Convention in show clearly the different kinds of obstacle the fledgling government was forced to overcome. With motives ranging from high taxes to fear for trade an the actions from armed rebellion to review of the constitution, many would have liked the government to falter when it did not.
14Most common mistakesThesis statements did not address motives and effectivenessLack of knowledge and specific evidenceno clear understanding of eventsNo correlation between events – no connectionsDid not address effectiveness of oppositionLack of organizationHow can I improveThesis test –Make sure you know what is being asked!Support your essay with outside informationMake sure you have a clear understanding of time periodORGANIZE your thoughts in pre-writing – create an outline!
15Avoid specific dates and numbers if you are not sure Avoid phrases – on the other hand, as seen in document B, the statement is true because,Avoid specific dates and numbers if you are not sure– in the early 1900s – mid 1900s or late 1900sSubstantial, the minority, the majority, a small numberAvoid abbreviations without first giving definition or explanationCIA (Central Intelligence Agency) then use CIA in writingAvoid FLUFF – stick to the facts that support main idea – BE SPECIFICwrite lean, logical, preciseNever use first person in writing – you are writing about the pastNever use contractions in formal writingNever use quotes – make inferencesNever use rhetorical questionsNever make generalizations you cannot defendNever use simple language – use academic language of the courseNever use ( ) – either include it in your writing or not confusing to reader – shows indecisiveness