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Tensions in colonial society

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1 Tensions in colonial society
Question 2 Tensions in colonial society

2 Compare the ways in which TWO of the following reflected tensions in colonial society: Bacon’s Rebellion (1676), Pueblo Revolt (1680), Salem Witchcraft trials (1692), Stono Rebellion (1739).

3 What is your task? Compare two events and show HOW the event reflected tensions

4 BRAINSTORM – what do you know about each event?
Bacon’s Rebellion 1676 Pueblo Revolt 1680 Salem Witchcraft trials 1692 Stono Rebellion 1739

5 Bacon’s Rebellion conflict cause result
Planters in the west opposed Indian policy of Gov Berkley Opposed taxes, governor’s power and voting rights Need for more land for recent arrivals cause Tensions between young and established planters Whites v. Indians Social conflict – class struggle (frontier – elite coastal planters) Economic struggle – lack of opportunity and need for more land – move west into indian territory conflict Rebellion ended when Bacon died – w/out leadership planter elite power returned Fear of ruling class hastened the transition to racial slavery result

6 Pueblo Revolt conflict Result cause Social and economic
Harsh Spanish rule – Spanish colonists and religious leaders Pope – Indian Shaman led uprising killed 400 people cause Social and economic Religious conflicts (forced conversion) High tax demands Forced labor conflict Cultural assimilation failed Spanish removed – return but stressed cooperation Spanish reestablished control Result

7 Salem Witchcraft trials
Political tensions Family feuds Economic Fear/hysteria cause Social – family animosities Economic – pressures of population and land availability increase tension Political tension – absence of leadership – new royal charter conflict Hysteria ended Many accusations Salem Village suffered economically – distracted crop failures and epidemics plagued town result

8 Stono Rebellion conflict Cause result
slavery Slaves seized guns seeking freedom Cause Social and economic Slaves v. Masters conflict Militia put down rebellion killing slaves Laws governing slaves were stiffened result

9 Outline essay This is a must in writing –
Keeps you focused on the topics – need to focus on one idea in each paragraph Without taking the time to organize your essay you could make the following mistakes: Leave out information from brainstorming Make too many generalizations Wonder off topic 1st paragraph – Introduction – define terms introduce the time period thesis 2nd Paragraph Topic Evidence to support claims 3rd paragraph Evidence to support claim 4th paragraph Compare the rebellions Similarities /differences 5th paragraph Conclusion Confirm argument

10 Thesis TEST Do you understand the question?
Does you thesis address the prompt? Are you simply restating the question? The grading rubric is designed around the thesis – if you do not have a strong thesis you will not get a high score CHECK your THESIS – take time to do this – after you write your thesis go back to the prompt – does it answer the questions? Make sure you address ALL parts of the question

11 Which is the better thesis?
During America’s colonial times there have been many rebellions and events caused from tensions within society. Two events reflect such social tensions are Stono Rebellion (1739) and the Salem witchcraft trials (1692). The Pueblo Revolt and Salem witchcraft trials represent two very different kind of tensions in colonial society during the late 17th century. The revolt in the southwest reflects a reaction toward a group that has oppressed and invaded their land while the hysteria in the northeast depicted tensions among neighbors.

12 For this particular essay
Most common mistakes: Thesis - basically restated the question on most essays Lack of knowledge about the rebellions Generalizations without support Not organized No transition sentences How to improve THESIS -practice Clear understanding of time period and events Know the difference between analysis and description – analysis – cause and effect – strong background information Connect events to the tensions that arose in colonies – how did these events reflect tensions in the colonies!

13 RULES Avoid phrases – on the other hand, as seen in document B, the statement is true because, Avoid specific dates and numbers if you are not sure – in the early 1900s – mid 1900s or late 1900s Substantial, the minority, the majority, a small number Avoid abbreviations without first giving definition or explanation CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) then use CIA in writing Avoid FLUFF – stick to the facts that support main idea – BE SPECIFIC write lean, logical, precise Never use first person in writing – you are writing about the past Never use contractions in formal writing Never use quotes – make inferences Never use rhetorical questions Never make generalizations you cannot defend Never use simple language – use academic language of the course Never use ( ) – either include it in your writing or not confusing to reader – shows indecisiveness

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