Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 A STRONG START FOR THE NATION"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 6 A STRONG START FOR THE NATION The American Nation4/14/2017Chapter 6 A STRONG START FOR THE NATIONSection 1: A Federal Government is EstablishedSection 2: Dealing with a Dangerous WorldSection 3: The Nation ExpandsSection 4: The War of 1812CHAPTER 6--A STRONG START FOR THE NATION
2Objectives: Section 1: A Federal Government is Established What key decisions did the first Congress make, and how did they affect the nation?What were the arguments for and against Hamilton’s debt proposal?Why did some Americans oppose a national bank?What conflicts occurred on the frontier in the 1790s?
3Key decisions Section 1: A Federal Government is Established passed the Bill of Rightsset up the federal court system with the Judiciary Actcreated State, War, and Treasury Departments
4Hamilton’s debt proposal Section 1: A Federal Government is EstablishedHamilton’s debt proposalArguments forstrengthen the economyrestore the government’s creditArguments againstspeculators would make a fortunePatriot soldiers and early investors in the U.S. government would get nothing
5Opposition to a national bank Section 1: A Federal Government is EstablishedOpposition to a national banksouthern planters feared control by northeastern merchantsstrict constructionists believed it was illegalsome were suspicious of all banks
6Conflicts of the 1790s Section 1: A Federal Government is Established the Whiskey Rebellionthe Battle of Fallen Timbers and other conflicts with American Indians in the Northwest Territory
7Objectives: Section 2: Dealing with a Dangerous World How did Americans respond to political events in France?How did political parties affect the election of 1796?How did conflicts with France increase tensions between Republicans and Federalists?
8American response to the French Revolution Section 2: Dealing with a Dangerous WorldAmerican response to the French Revolutionsome were pleased at the French following the American examplemany shocked at violence and beheadings
9Political parties in 1796 Section 2: Dealing with a Dangerous World made the election very contentiousHamilton’s cheating resulted in the president and vice-president being from different parties
10Conflicts with France Section 2: Dealing with a Dangerous World threats of war allowed passage of Alien and Sedition ActsFederalists used Alien and Sedition Acts to arrest and punish Republicanschallenging the Acts meant challenging the federal government for Virginia and Kentucky
11Objectives: Section 3: The Nation Expands How did judicial decisions affect the balance of power among the three branches of government?Why did Thomas Jefferson want to purchase Louisiana, and why did Napoleon want to give it up?What was the national and international significance of the Louisiana Purchase?
12Judicial decisions increased the power of the Supreme Court: Section 3: The Nation ExpandsJudicial decisions increased the power of the Supreme Court:Marbury v. Madison established the court as final interpreter of the Constitutionposition of loose constructionists expressed regarding the national bank
13Jefferson wanted to buy Louisiana: Section 3: The Nation ExpandsJefferson wanted to buy Louisiana:to expand U.S. landto appeal to Republican farmers
14Napoleon wanted to sell Louisiana: Section 3: The Nation ExpandsNapoleon wanted to sell Louisiana:to leave behind the slave revolts and disease of the Western Hemisphereto get money to expand his war chest
15Significance of the Louisiana Purchase Section 3: The Nation ExpandsSignificance of the Louisiana Purchaseadded all or part of 13 statesopened the interior of the continent to settlementhelped transform the U.S. into a world nationremoved the French threat
16Objectives: Section 4: The War of 1812 How did Tecumseh hope to hold American Indian lands?Why did the United States declare war on Great Britain in 1812?How did the War of 1812 affect the United States and Great Britain?
17Tecumseh hopes to protect American Indian lands: Section 4: The War of 1812Tecumseh hopes to protect American Indian lands:by forming a military allianceby recruiting British supportby urging American Indians not to sell their lands
18U.S. declares war on Great Britain in 1812 due to: Section 4: The War of 1812U.S. declares war on Great Britain in 1812 due to:British impressments of U.S. sailorsBritish support of American Indian uprisingsgeneral violations of neutralityRepublican fear that not resolving the crisis would return the Federalists to power
19Effects of War of 1812 Section 4: The War of 1812 conquered territory restoredstronger U.S. control over Northwest Territorypeace alliance between U.S. and Great Britaindestruction of the Federalist Party