Presentation on theme: "Andrew Jackson Part II 7th President of US"— Presentation transcript:
1 Andrew Jackson Part II 7th President of US Democrat
2 3 main issues under Jacksons’ Presidency Status of Native AmericansConflicts over States’ rightsNullification crisisJackson’s veto on the National Bank
3 SectionalismLoyalty to the interests of your own region rather than to the interests of the whole nation.
4 Sectional differences developed NortheastWestSouthSale of Public landWhy?Workers needed in Northeast factories will moved to the WestMore people moving & settling the West / more political powerNo opinionInternal improvementsBetter transportation and easier trade between North & WestImprovements were financed $ through tariffs High TariffsImported goods more expensive than American, supported American industryEconomy based on foreign trade. Foreign goods cost more with tariffs
5 Sectional differences developed Why did the three sections of the country differ on the sale of public lands, internal improvements and tariffs?Each section of the country was affected differently by these issues.
6 Tariffs taxes on foreign goods (imports) North point of viewSouth point of viewProtective tariffsProtect American IndustryForeign goods are more expensive than American goodsPeople will buy American manufacture goodsTariffs of AbominationsSouth trade their cotton & crops for foreign goodsForeign goods more expensive because of tariffs ( South has to pay more)Southern economy getting affected
7 Crisis of Nullification Nullify = reject or voidDoctrine of nullification= states claim to have the right to nullify or reject any federal law that the state consider unconstitutionalrelated to states rightsStates deciding constitutionality of laws instead of Supreme Court ( Judicial Branch)Power struggleStates VS Federal
8 Nullification & States Rights Calhoun & states rights supporters claimed that the Nation was made out of states – so states have the right to nullify or decide what laws are constitutional within its bordersStates should have the right to limit the power of the federal governmentCalhoun & many in the South thought that the Tariff of Abomination only favored one region of the country ( Federal gov. should not have the power to create laws that only favored few not all nation- South Carolina should have the right to nullify the tariffs that only supported the North
9 Spiral Review: States’ Rights Which is another example of states’ rights and doctrine of nullification that we previously study?Kentucky & Virginia Resolution ( states response to the Alien & Sedition Acts during Adams presidency ( 2nd president)No Judicial Review yet! ( Madison VS Madison) Power given to Supreme Court to decide Constitutionality of a law
10 Tariffs – Tears nation apart How did the issue of tariffs threaten to tear the nation apart?( remember to write in your own words… not just copying the answers)The South resented the Northeast for pushing higher tariffs ( taxes) without regard for the effects on the South’s economy. South Carolina threatened to secede or withdraw from the Union over the issue of tariffs.
11 “Liberty & Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” States’ Rights DebateWebster-Hayne debateSenate debate over doctrine of nullificationDaniel WebsterRobert Y. HayneSenator from Massachusetts (North)Against state rightsPro strong Federal Gov.Opposed nullification“Liberty & Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”Senator from South Carolina ( South)Pro state rightsAgainst strong Federal Gov.Supported the idea of nullification
12 DebateWebster: Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.Jackson: Our Federal Union—it must be preserved.Calhoun: The Union, next to our liberty, most dear. ( states’ rights)
13 Secession Secession= withdrawal from the union ( to separate) South Carolina threaten secession, or to separate from the Union as a response to the high tariffs that were affecting their economy.At the end Henry Clay came up with a compromise and the crisis was resolved – South Carolina stayed in the Union
14 Jackson replied that he would “crush SC” and any other state that tried to join them. To avoid bloodshed, Henry Clay got Congress to pass the Compromise of This gradually lowered the tariff rates back to the 1816 level.
15 Process: States’ rights Write a short summary that includes these terms:TariffsStates’ rightsSouth CarolinaJohn C. CalhounSecessionnullificationFacial expressions & speech bubble activity
16 National Bank Controversy Jackson opposed the Bank of the United States. He felt it was controlled by a group of wealthy Easterners who were using it to become even wealthier.Jackson also claims the bank is unconstitutional. Although the Supreme Court disagreed in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland.Many farmers and common people were on Jackson’s side, because they didn’t like the bank’s lending policies.
17 Jackson decided to make the National Bank the major issue in the Presidential election of 1832. He tells the people to vote for Clay (Republican) if they want to keep the bank and vote for Jackson (Democrat) if they want to get rid of the bank.When Jackson won the election, he killed the Bank of the US by taking all the government’s money out of the bank.He placed the government’s money in a number of state banks. These were nicknamed “pet banks.”
18 Guided Reading – Ch. 12.4 & Process Read pages ( textbook) or ( blue workbook)Answer the effects or consequences of each event or situationWrite a short summary that includes these terms:Nicholas BiddlePowerWealthy peopleAverage or common peopleBank of the USAJacksonVetoFacial expressions & speech bubble activity
19 Process: Jackson VS National Bank Write a short summary that includes these terms:Nicholas BiddlePowerWealthy peopleAverage or common peopleBank of the USAJacksonVetoFacial expressions & speech bubble activity