Presentation on theme: "Fashion History Fashion Marketing. Objectives 1.What are the needs satisfied by clothing? 2.What is the history of clothing? 3.What is the relationship."— Presentation transcript:
Fashion History Fashion Marketing
Objectives 1.What are the needs satisfied by clothing? 2.What is the history of clothing? 3.What is the relationship of fashion history to todays fashion?
Why People Wear Clothes? 20,000 B.C.-- people developed and wore clothes primarily for protection from the weather and environment. NOW-- other needs such as psychological and social needs.
Why Clothing? Physical Needs Protection safety Psychological Needs Identity Adornment Cultural identity Social Needs Affiliation/ fitting in standards
Where fashion began? France – considered the center of fashion for almost 400 years from 1600s into the 1900s. Especially in Paris. In the 1600s, French royalty and wealthy landowners employed their own dressmakers and tailors.
Where fashion began? After the French Revolution (1789), haute couture design firms grew. Haute Couture – high- fashion, individually designed, original, handmade garments.
Globalization Industrialization, technology, globalization, and the spread of democracy help broaden the demand for fashion. Growth of a middle class with income to purchase fashions, not just basic clothing Other fashion cities- Milan and New York
The early 1900s In 1909, the American fashion magazine Vogue, featured a woman in a loose-fitting style of dress. By 1915, styles continued to soften. The invention of the 1 st manufactured fiber rayon, or artificial silk Clothing that was more functional for women who were entering the workforce.
The 1920s Gabrielle Coco Chanel – 1 st designer to introduce sportswear garments for everyday wear. As well as trousers. Promoted styles associated with flappers the little black dress 1926, the Womens Fashion Institute designed the one hour dress.
The 1930s – 1950s Dupont invented nylon, less expensive than silk to make hosiery WWII fabric shortages 1947, Christian Dior; long hem lines, narrow shoulders and tightly fitted bodices with long, full, or narrow skirts. The New Look
The 1960s Hippie style – fashion consisting of clothing from the Middle and Far East Use of bright colors, peasant embroidery, cheesecloth, and safari jackets
The 1970s Disco style – gold lame, leopard print, stretch halter jumpsuits, and white clothing that glowed in ultraviolet light Punk – intentionally torn clothing worn by young people with limited income Feminist Movement – influenced womens styles, such as shorter skirts and pantsuits in the workplace.
The 1980s the power look – a uniform style of suits and blazers with shoulder pads. Men – a more casual style of dress; business casual people no longer felt that high price determined high fashion fitness conscious – synthetic fabrics with easy care.
The 1990s Americans began dressing down, or less formally Comfort of sport clothes and athletic clothing became a wardrobe staple. Grunge – a style started by youth culture. Messy, uncombed, not too much effort.
The 2000s Hipster - Mixing the fringe movements of punk and grunge, hipsters have created a style based on defying style norms. – Skinny Jeans Juicy Couture Tracksuits & UGG Boots - The comfortable tracksuit combined chic, expensive style with comfort. Bohemian Chic - The free-spirited, Hippie inspired style includes its well- known staples: large sunglasses, flowing skirts, boots and loose jumpers