2ObjectivesStudents will understand key components of the fashion industry.Objective 1: Identify factors that contributed to the development of the apparel industry.Objective 2: Identify key fashion centers in the U.S. and around the worldObjective 3: Identify and describe major trade publications and fashion magazines.Objective 4: Identify key fashion designers and their contributions.Objective 5: Identify key fashion awards.
3The Scope of the Apparel Industry The apparel industry has been developing for many centuries.However fashion as we know it started with changes that came during the Industrial Revolution.
4Industrial Revolution Changes Brought about the switch from handmade garments to mass produced ready-to-wear.There were three major developmentsMechanized textile mills: enable better quality fabrics to be made in less timeSewing machine invented: enabled clothing to be manufactured in factoriesTechniques in mass distribution, advertising, and retail selling were developed and refined
5Inside the “Trade”: sometimes referred as the rag trade There are several key components that make up the fashion industry:Fashion CentersTrade Publications and Fashion MagazinesFashion DesignersFashion Awards
6Fashion CentersThe fashion industry is truly international. Its presence is found in cities around the world.Centers are usually found in cities where fashion design and production firms are clustered together.Some of these centers are locations for Fashion Weeks.When designers present new designs or collectionsThe most important collection shows are held twice a year, featuring spring-summer and fall-winter lines.
7Fashion Centers International: Paris: Milan: London: Tokyo: Center of the fashion world, often the first choice of top designers as a place to show collectionsMilan:Known for beautiful fabrics and sophisticated prints, leader in the production of leather accessories, such as shoes and handbags.London:Originally noted for men’s business-suit classic style, now focuses on high-quality ready-to-wearTokyo:Continues to influence western fashion with color, asymmetrical balance, unusual shapes and use of fibers
8Fashion Centers United States New York City: Los Angeles: Dallas: Center of U.S. fashionFashion WeeksOver 5,000 showroomsSeventh Ave.- Fashion Walk of FameLos Angeles:Largest concentration of fashion related businesses in the western US- consisting of 82 city blocksCalifornia Market Center- 1,800 showroomsDallas:FashionCenterDallas- 550 showrooms
9Fashion Centers United States: Chicago: Atlanta: Miami: Apparel Center- 300 showroomsAtlanta:AmericasMart- specializing in home furnishings but also features apparelMiami:Miami International Merchandise Mart- 300 Showrooms
10Trade PublicationsDefinition: magazines, newspapers, and books that deal with a specific industry.Women’s Wear Daily: Major US trade publication for women’s and men’s clothing. It reports all new apparel trends with photos, fashion illustrations, and stories.
11Trade Publications Footwear News: Specializes in the footwear industry.
12Fashion MagazinesDefinition: consumer magazines sold commercially, featuring articles, illustrations, and advertisements.
13Fashion Designers: Giorgio Armani: Pierre Cardin: Italian designer known for finely tailored suits and upscale ready-to wearPierre Cardin:Italian born, French designer, worked for Dior, famous for the bubble dress
14Fashion Designers: Coco Chanel: Christian Dior: Famous French couturier known for introducing the little black dress, died in 1971, still remains a top French fashion houseChristian Dior:French designer who introduced the “New Look” (fitted blouses and long full skirts) in 1947, died in 1957
15Fashion Designers: Dolce and Gabbana: Tom Ford: Italian design team known for modern, romantic styles and high-end casual for men and womenTom Ford:American designer who has worked behind the Gucci and YSL labels
16Fashion Designers: Marc Jacobs: Donna Karen: American designer who's designs include grungy-hobo chic meets sophisticationDonna Karen:American designer who designs simple, sensual women’s clothes that stretch and move well
17Fashion Designers: Calvin Klein: Karl Lagerfeld: Became famous with his jeans, continues to design simple, sophisticated sportswearKarl Lagerfeld:German born French designer, creates for Chanel, Fendi as well as himself
18Fashion Designers: Ralph Lauren: Yves St. Laurent: Popular American designer famous for his classic men’s and women’s lines influenced by the American West, also sells home furnishings etc.Yves St. Laurent:French designer who paved the way for pantsuits and female power dressing, died in 2008
19Fashion Designers: Levi Strauss: Gianni Versace: American business man who popularized the denim craze that only continues to rush forward, died in 1902Gianni Versace:Italian designer who used bold color, daring cuts, innovative materials and sex appeal. His sister Donatella took over in 1997 after his tragic death
20Fashion Designers: Diane von Furstenberg: Vera Wang: Belgian- born designer and former princess who’s jersey wrap dress became her brand’s iconic look, works in NYCVera Wang:American designer and child champion figure skater, famous for designing expensive and elegant wedding dresses
21Fashion AwardsCFDA Awards (Council of Fashion Designers of America): Gives awards each year to designers in women’s wear, men’s wear and accessories, as well as other categories.Coty Awards: Presented each year from 1943 to 1978, which became the Cutty Sark Awards through 1988.Coty Hall of Fame: Given to designers who won Coty Awards 3 different times.Donna Karen, Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren among othersNeiman Marcus Award: given to a designer who has designed, publicized, or worn fashion that has influenced the public.Christian Dior, Coco Chanel, Yves St. Laurent, Ralph Lauren, Levi Strauss, Giorgio Armani, and Karl Lagerfeld are some of the recipients