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2.02 – The history of Fashion

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1 2.02 – The history of Fashion
February 2011

2 Fashion History – Development of Styles
earliest clothing the first clothes and fabrics animal skins, hair, plants, tree bark fashions of early civilizations rectangular fabric draped around body easy to wash and dry

3 Examples of earliest clothing
ancient Egypt short sleeved, short wrap dress

4 Minoan contribution: First fitted garment, skirt and jacket

5 ancient Greece: chiton – wrapped and pinned himation – cloak

6 roman empire: toga tunic

7 china and japan:. kimono - wrap. cheongsam (high neck fitted dress)
china and japan: kimono - wrap cheongsam (high neck fitted dress) obi - sash

8 the evolution of fashion middle ages – tunics, stockings, breeches, gown with full skirt

9 the evolution of fashion renaissance – elaborate, fitted bodice full skirt dress, ruffs (full collars)

10 the evolution of fashion 17th century – lace, cravat, no hoops in gowns

11 the evolution of fashion 18th century – lace, ribbons, flowing gowns

12 the evolution of fashion 19th century – cut-away jacket (coat with tails), matching coat, vest, trousers, fuller dresses with hoops, crinolines

13 Influences on fashion history
Trade – fabrics traded between countries, changes native clothing Politics and power – upper class influenced dress for everyone Religion – puritans (humility), wore simple clothes Technology Industrial revolution – the birth of manufacturing!! Development of factories – creation of more sweatshops (for sewing), more fabric can be produced Growth of ready-to-wear – more factories = more clothing to purchase! Invention of new fibers – artificial fibers using cellulose (main component of cotton)

14 Fashions of the 20th century – straight skirts, sailor collars, flapper dress (1920s), bias cut gowns, tailored suits with shoulder pads, fabric rationing b/c of the war(for uniforms) created slimmer, shorter skirts and dresses – Abercrombie and Fitch – first war uniform, Christian Dior – influential designer

15 Fashions of the 20th century 1950s – Dior – a-line silhouette, full skirts, business suit, THE TEE-SHIRT!( from Marlon Brando and James Dean), blue jeans



18 Fashions of the 20th century 1960s – Jackie Kennedy, Woodstock, pillbox hat, wide lapels, bellbottom jeans, polyester double-knit suits, go-go boots



21 Gabrielle Coco Chanel – 1883-1971

22 Gabrielle Coco Chanel – 1883-1971

23 Fashions of the 20th century 1970s – knee length and maxi (long) skirts, pants, unisex clothing (Grease, Saturday Night Fever)

24 Fashions of the 20th century 1980s – power suit for men and women, DESIGNER JEANS, work out clothing, fluorescent colors, skinny leg jeans,


26 Fashions of the 20th century 1990s and beyond – fashion is evolving so fast that there is no universal “look” for the decade – everything from grunge (Nirvana and Kurt Cobain) to fitted suits to casual wear – all trending toward more casual wear now

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