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History of Fashion Why we wear clothes!. The earliest clothing dates from about 20,000 B.C. as evidenced by the discovery of sewing needles made of bone.

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Presentation on theme: "History of Fashion Why we wear clothes!. The earliest clothing dates from about 20,000 B.C. as evidenced by the discovery of sewing needles made of bone."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Fashion Why we wear clothes!

2 The earliest clothing dates from about 20,000 B.C. as evidenced by the discovery of sewing needles made of bone and ivory.

3 Basic Physical Needs Protection and Safety Psychological Needs Appearance Enhancement Social Needs Affiliation and Standards

4 Physical Needs - Protection -Safety Social Needs -Affiliation / Fitting In -Standards Psychological Needs -Identity -Adornment -Cultural Identity

5 People dressed according to what society allowed for the social classes. Wealthy dictated fashion, often mimicking costumes worn by royalty. During the 18 th century, the influence of the upper class diminished with the American Revolutionary Way and the French Revolution. Resulting in the middle class. The industrial revolution of the 1800s fostered new inventions, including the sewing machine and photography.

6 Reigned as Queen Elizabeth from 1558 – 1603 Clothing during this period reflected the social status and was an indicator of wealth. Stiff Look Tudor ruffs, jeweled wigs, plucked forehead and browns, rib-crushing corsets, skirt hoops

7 King of France from 1643 – 1715 Sent life-sized fashion dolls to every European court, so that all of Europe would know about Paris fashion Tailors copied the clothes, footwear, hats, and accessories on the dolls for nobility.

8 Queen of France from 1775 – 1793 Used papier-mâché paste to white and stiffen her hair to extreme heights. High headdresses, plumes, and voluminous dresses

9 Early 1800s Trendsetter for men to wear understated but beautifully tailored clothing and elaborate neckwear. Dandyism – style of dress for men and a lifestyle that celebrated elegance and refinement. Straight poster, well-fitting clothes, and accessories such as a top hat, tailcoat, and white gloves.

10 Understated elegance to fashion of the early 1960s as First Lady Pillbox hat, suits with three-quarter sleeves.

11 Came to America in 1964 as the famous trendsetting British band. Mop-top hairstyles


13 Women wore: Corsets to shape their bodies into an unnatural S- bend to create a more feminine silhouette Slim-fitting skirts Long sleeves High collars The death of Queen Victoria in 1901 marked a fashion milestone and the beginning of economic, social, and technological changes.

14 Loose-fitting style of dress became popular and the style continued to soften. Corsets were disappearing Full skirts with a slightly shorter length Functional for women entering the work force when men left to fight in World War I

15 Gabrielle Coco Chanel (1883 – 1971) was one of the first designers to introduce sportswear garments for everyday year – as well as trousers for women. Flappers -> young, free-spirited, and independent-minded Shorter hemlines and hairstyles Little black dress Simpler styles mean that women could get ready faster and more easily. One-hour dress was created from the Womens Fashion Institute.

16 Movie stars set the fashion trends Nylon was invented by DuPont Fabric shortages from World War II resulted in shorter skirt hemlines Simple styles became representative of patriotism After the war, styles moved toward a more traditional feminine look. Christian Dior launched his new fashion style in 1947 keyed New Look. Featured long hemlines, narrow shoulders, and tightly fitted bodices with long, full, or narrow skirts. 1940s – 1950s

17 Social changes, the Vietnam War, art, film, and music all influenced the fashion of the 1960s youth movement. Synthetic fibers sprang up The Hippie Style consisted of clothing from the Middle and Far East and the use of bright colors, peasant embroidery, cheesecloth, and safari jackets.

18 Disco Style Gold lame, leopard print, stretch halter jumpsuits. Flared trousers, pastel- colored jackets, and platform shoes

19 Punk Fashion Intentionally torn clothing, frayed trousers, Doc Martens Worn by people with limited incomes like students and the unemployed

20 Feminist Movement An organized effort to establish equal social, economic, and political rights and opportunities for women. Influenced womens styles such as shorter skirts and the pantsuit in the workplace.

21 Power Look Uniform style of suits and blazers with shoulder pads People no longer felt that high price determined high fashion. Quality products at moderate prices. Fitness conscious people influenced synthetic fabrics that were easy to care for, durable, and stretchable.

22 Americans began dressing down or less formally. People enjoyed the comfort of sports clothes.

23 Started by the youth culture in the Pacific Northwest Messy, uncombed, disheveled, as if not too much effort has been made.

24 Oscar de le Renta was quoted, Today, there is no fashion, really. There are just…choices. Women dress today to reveal their personalities. They used to reveal the designers personality. Until the 70s, women listened to designers. Now women want to do it their own way. There are no boundaries.

25 Mash-Up Decade Trends saw the fusion of previous styles Boho, vintage, 80s revivial

26 Choose a decade of the 20 th century. 1. Use the Internet to do research about the influence of historical events on fashion during that decade. What major events occurred during that decade and how did it affect fashion trends? 2. Use the Internet to do research about the popular fashion designers during that decade. 3. Use the Internet to do research about popular fashion trend setters during that decade. Using Microsoft Word, type a short summary of your research. Be sure to address all three points and then copy and paste images from the Internet that best represent your research. Include all sources at the bottom of your page in the footer.

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