Presentation on theme: "History of Fashion Why we wear clothes!"— Presentation transcript:
1History of Fashion Why we wear clothes! What We WEAR!History of FashionWhy we wear clothes!
2Earliest ClothingThe earliest clothing dates from about 20,000 B.C. as evidenced by the discovery of sewing needles made of bone and ivory.
3Why People Wear Clothes Basic Physical NeedsProtection and SafetyPsychological NeedsAppearance EnhancementSocial NeedsAffiliation and Standards
4-Affiliation / Fitting In Reasons for ClothingPhysical Needs- Protection-SafetySocial Needs-Affiliation / Fitting In-StandardsPsychological Needs-Identity-Adornment-Cultural Identity
5Fashion Through the Ages People dressed according to what society allowed for the social classes.Wealthy dictated fashion, often mimicking costumes worn by royalty.During the 18th century, the influence of the upper class diminished with the American Revolutionary Way and the French Revolution. Resulting in the middle class.The industrial revolution of the 1800’s fostered new inventions, including the sewing machine and photography.
6Historical Trendsetters Elizabeth I Reigned as Queen Elizabeth from 1558 – 1603Clothing during this period reflected the social status and was an indicator of wealth.Stiff LookTudor ruffs, jeweled wigs, plucked forehead and browns, rib-crushing corsets, skirt hoops
7Historical Trendsetters Louis XIV King of France from 1643 – 1715Sent life-sized fashion dolls to every European court, so that all of Europe would know about Paris fashionTailors copied the clothes, footwear, hats, and accessories on the dolls for nobility.
8Historical Trendsetters Marie Antoinette Queen of France from 1775 – 1793Used papier-mâché paste to white and stiffen her hair to extreme heights.High headdresses, plumes, and voluminous dresses
9Historical Trendsetters George Bryan ‘Beau’ Brummell Early 1800’sTrendsetter for men to wear understated but beautifully tailored clothing and elaborate neckwear.Dandyism – style of dress for men and a lifestyle that celebrated elegance and refinement.Straight poster, well-fitting clothes, and accessories such as a top hat, tailcoat, and white gloves.
10Historical Trendsetter Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Understated elegance to fashion of the early 1960’s as First LadyPillbox hat, suits with three-quarter sleeves.
11Historical Trendsetter The Beatles Came to America in 1964 as the famous trendsetting British band.Mop-top hairstyles
13Before the 1900’s Women wore: Corsets to shape their bodies into an unnatural ‘S-bend’ to create a more feminine silhouetteSlim-fitting skirtsLong sleevesHigh collarsThe death of Queen Victoria in 1901 marked a fashion milestone and the beginning of economic, social, and technological changes.
14The Early 1900’sLoose-fitting style of dress became popular and the style continued to soften.Corsets were disappearingFull skirts with a slightly shorter lengthFunctional for women entering the work force when men left to fight in World War I
15The 1920’sGabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel (1883 – 1971) was one of the first designers to introduce sportswear garments for everyday year – as well as trousers for women.Flappers -> young, free-spirited, and independent-mindedShorter hemlines and hairstylesLittle black dressSimpler styles mean that women could get ready faster and more easily.‘One-hour’ dress was created from the Women’s Fashion Institute.
16The 1930’s – 1950’s Movie stars set the fashion trends Nylon was invented by DuPontFabric shortages from World War II resulted in shorter skirt hemlinesSimple styles became representative of patriotismAfter the war, styles moved toward a more traditional feminine look.Christian Dior launched his new fashion style in 1947 keyed New Look.Featured long hemlines, narrow shoulders, and tightly fitted bodices with long, full, or narrow skirts.1940’s – 1950’s
17The 1960’sSocial changes, the Vietnam War, art, film, and music all influenced the fashion of the 1960’s youth movement.Synthetic fibers sprang upThe Hippie Style consisted of clothing from the Middle and Far East and the use of bright colors, peasant embroidery, cheesecloth, and safari jackets.
19The 1970’sPunk FashionIntentionally torn clothing, frayed trousers, Doc MartensWorn by people with limited incomes like students and the unemployed
20The 1970’s Feminist Movement An organized effort to establish equal social, economic, and political rights and opportunities for women.Influenced women’s styles such as shorter skirts and the pantsuit in the workplace.
21The 1980’sPower LookUniform style of suits and blazers with shoulder padsPeople no longer felt that high price determined high fashion. Quality products at moderate prices.Fitness conscious people influenced synthetic fabrics that were easy to care for, durable, and stretchable.
22The 1990’s Americans began dressing down or less formally. People enjoyed the comfort of sports clothes.
23The 1990’s: GrungeStarted by the youth culture in the Pacific NorthwestMessy, uncombed, disheveled, as if not too much effort has been made.
24The 1990’sOscar de le Renta was quoted, “Today, there is no fashion, really. There are just…choices. Women dress today to reveal their personalities. They used to reveal the designer’s personality. Until the 70’s, women listened to designers. Now women want to do it their own way. There are no boundaries.
25The 2000’s Mash-Up Decade Trends saw the fusion of previous styles Boho, vintage, 80’s revivial
26Assignment: Choose a decade of the 20th century. Use the Internet to do research about the influence of historical events on fashion during that decade.What major events occurred during that decade and how did it affect fashion trends?Use the Internet to do research about the popular fashion designers during that decade.Use the Internet to do research about popular fashion trend setters during that decade.Using Microsoft Word, type a short summary of your research. Be sure to address all three points and then copy and paste images from the Internet that best represent your research.Include all sources at the bottom of your page in the footer.