Presentation on theme: "Quick Breads By Kelsey Consiglio P. 2. Terms to Know Batter- flour and liquid mixture with a consistency ranging from thin to thick, depending on the."— Presentation transcript:
Quick Breads By Kelsey Consiglio P. 2
Terms to Know Batter- flour and liquid mixture with a consistency ranging from thin to thick, depending on the proportion of dry to liquid ingredients Dough- flour and liquid mixture that is stiff enough to shape by hand Leavening agent- an ingredient that produces gases in batters and dough causing baked products to rise and become light and porous Gluten – a protein formed when wheat flour is moistened and thoroughly mixed that gives strength and elasticity to batters and dough
Quick Breads Quick breads are made from batters or dough Batter is a flour–liquid mixture with a consistency ranging from thin to thick, depending on the proportion of dry to liquid ingredients. Dough is a flour-liquid mixture that is stiff enough to shape by hand
Ingredients added to the flour is what makes the breads different from each other Flour is the basic ingredient in all quick breads Quick Bread Ingredients
Ingredients Flour- Gives structure to baked goods Most quick breads are made with all purpose flour Some recipes call for self-rising flour; flour with added leavening agents and salt
Leavening Agents Ingredients that produce gases in batters and dough Make baked products rise and become light and porous Two leavening agents used in quick breads are baking soda and baking powder Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate which is an alkaline ingredient used in bread recipes that contain food acid ingredients and helps prevent bitter tasting bread Food acid ingredients: Buttermilk Molasses Brown sugar Vinegar Applesauce And other fruit juices Too much baking powder makes too much carbon dioxide which will make baked products collapse
Liquids Baked products normally call for water, milk, or fruit juice Eggs and fats are also considered liquid ingredients Liquids hydrate protein and starch Protein MUST absorb liquid so later it can form gluten Starches MUST absorb water
Fat Fat serves as a tenderizing agent in baked products Causes dough to separate into layers When you beat the fat it causes the dough to form air bubbles
Eggs Help incorporate air into baked products when you beat themHelp incorporate air into baked products when you beat them Adds color and flavor and contributes to structureAdds color and flavor and contributes to structure
Sugar Gives sweetness to baked goods Has a tenderizing effect on the finished product Helps crusts brown
Salt Adds flavor to many baked products
Understanding Gluten To understand gluten, think of a piece of gum when you first put it in your mouth. Its soft, but as you keep chewing, it becomes elastic and you can blow bubbles. However, as you keep chewing, it gets so elastic it makes your jaw hurt.
Preparing Biscuits Biscuits involve sifting dry ingredients together in a mixing bowl and using a pastry blender or two knives to cut fat (or butter) into the dry ingredients
Drop Vs Roll Biscuits Drop Biscuits are made by dropping the dough onto parchment paper or a baking sheet in equal-sized balls. Roll Biscuits are made by rolling out the dough and then using cookie cutters to cut them into fun shapes.
Review Questions What's the difference between batter and dough? Batter- flour –liquid mixture with a consistency ranging from thin to thick, depending on the proportion of dry to liquid ingredients Dough- flour liquid mixture that is stiff enough to shape by hand What is the basic ingredient in ALL quick breads Flour What is the ingredient that produce gases in batters and dough, and Make baked products rise and become light and porous? Leavening Agents What is the difference between drop and roll biscuits? Drop Biscuits- are made by taking the dough and dropping them on to the parchment paper in equal sized balls. Roll Biscuits-are made by rolling out the dough by using a rolling pin, and then taking cookie cutters and cutting them out in fun shapes.