2What are Quick Breads?Flour mixture made with fast acting leavening agents.
3Where did corn cakes get their origin? Johnny cakes (also corn cakes) were originally called “journey cakes” because Hunters took them on their “journeys”.Colonists were taught by the Indians to use corn in a cake.
4How did “hush puppies” get their name? Hunters used leftover corn cakes to keep dogs quiet.
5How are quick breads cooked? Quick breads are cooked three different ways:BakedDeep fat friedGriddle cookedClassified as:BattersDoughs
6Quick Breads 1. They are Quick or Fast (<1 Hr.) 2. No Yeast! 3. Baking Powder or Soda4. Does not need to rise1. Dough1. Biscuits2. Scones3. Doughnuts2. Batter1. PourWaffles, Pancakes2. DropMuffins
7Batters: A mixture of flour and liquid Pour batters:Thin consistencyPancakesWafflesPopovers
8Drop battersFairly thick and stickyMuffinsBiscuitsCoffee cake
9Dough: Flour mixture has less liquid and is stiffer. Thick enough to roll and shapeBiscuitsDoughnutsScones
11Purpose: Makes it Tender & Gives Flavor Leavening AgentPurpose: Helps it riseFatPurpose: Makes it Tender & Gives FlavorSugarPurpose: Gives Flavor & Helps with BrowningEggsPurpose: Gives Protein, Color & Leavening
127 ingredients usually found in “Quick Breads” Flour –gives structure or bodyLeavening –adds air to make lightSalt –to improve flavorFat –gives tendernessLiquid –dissolves dry ingredients, amount determines type of batter or doughSugar –sweetnessEggs –color, texture and nutrients
13What is gluten?When water is mixed with flour gluten is formed to give strength and elasticity to doughSome people have an allergy to gluten and there are many new products on the market available to them.
14Leavening agents Baking powder Baking soda mixed with an acid ButtermilkVinegarLemon juiceThe soda in baking powder reacts with acid forming carbon dioxide
1510 Nutrients found in Quick Breads CarbohydrateProteinIronPotassiumCalciumNiacinThiaminRiboflavinPhosphorusFat
16Muffin Method Sift dry ingredients in one bowl Mix liquids together in separate bowlPour liquids into dry ingredientsMix lightly only until dry ingredients are moist/lumpyDO NOT OVERMIX
17The Perfect Muffin: DRAW THIS: Cauliflower top Few Tunnels Inside TenderDRAW THIS: