2What are Quick Breads?Flour mixture made with fast acting leavening agents.
3Where did corn cakes get their origin? Colonists were taught by the Indians to use corn in a cake.Johnny cakes (also corn cakes) were originally called “journey cakes” because Hunters took them on their “journeys”.
4How did “hush puppies” get their name? Hunters used leftover corn cakes to keep dogs quiet.
5How are quick breads cooked? Quick breads are cooked three different ways:BakedDeep fat friedGriddle cookedClassified as:BattersDoughs
6Batters: A mixture of flour and liquid Pour batters:Thin consistencyPancakesWafflesPopovers
7Drop battersFairly thick and stickyMuffinsBiscuitsCoffee cake
8Dough: Flour mixture has less liquid and is stiffer. Thick enough to roll and shapeBiscuitsDoughnutsScones
97 ingredients usually found in “Quick Breads” Flour –gives structure or bodyLeavening –adds air to make lightSalt –to improve flavorFat –gives tendernessLiquid –dissolves dry ingredients, amount determines type of batter or doughSugar –sweetnessEggs –color, texture and nutrients
10What is gluten?When water is mixed with flour gluten is formed to give strength and elasticity to doughSome people have an allergy to gluten and there are many new products on the market available to them.
11Leavening agents Baking powder Baking soda mixed with an acid ButtermilkVinegarLemon juiceThe soda in baking powder reacts with acid forming carbon dioxide
1210 Nutrients found in Quick Breads CarbohydrateProteinIronPotassiumCalciumNiacinThiaminRiboflavinPhosphorusFat
13Muffin Method Sift dry ingredients in one bowl Mix liquids together in separate bowlPour liquids into dry ingredientsMix lightly only until dry ingredients are moist/lumpyDO NOT OVERMIX
14Biscuit Method Sift dry ingredients in a bowl Cut in the fat with pastry blenderAdd liquid all at onceKnead dough lightlyRoll dough to desired thickness
15Storing Quick BreadsStore in a tight container or seal in moist-proof wrap.To prevent drying out.
16Quick bread convenience items “mixes” AdvantagesShort prep timeReady to serveDisadvantagesCost moreNo standards for gradingquality