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PRESENT PERFECT. This tense is used to express an action which is over just now or completed today. In this tense the third form of the verb (V3- PP)

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Presentation on theme: "PRESENT PERFECT. This tense is used to express an action which is over just now or completed today. In this tense the third form of the verb (V3- PP)"— Presentation transcript:

1 PRESENT PERFECT

2 This tense is used to express an action which is over just now or completed today. In this tense the third form of the verb (V3- PP) is used. PRESENT PERFECT

3 FORMULA FOR PRESENT PERFECT SENTENCES: Subject + auxiliary verb + verb in past participle Ex. I have eaten an apple today. I, you, he, she, + have / has + verb in past it, we, you, they participle

4 already PRESENT PERFECT USING: justyet

5 We use the present perfect with just, already and yet to talk about recent news and events. Just to talk about things that happened a short time ago (very recent news), e.g. Ive just finished my homework. We put just between have/has and the past participle. They are always affirmative. Already to talk about things that happened before now or happened sooner than expected, e.g. Wheres Tom? Hes already gone home. We put already between have/has and the past participle. They are always affirmative. Yet in negative sentences to say that something has not happened up to the present time, e.g. He hasnt arrived yet. In questions to ask if something that was expected to happen has happened, e.g. Has John arrived yet? We put yet at the end of the sentence. PRESENT PERFECT USING: JUST, ALREADY AND YET.

6 We use already and just for the affirmative form of the present perfect sentences. Formula for affirmative using already: Subject + aux. verb + already + vpp Formula for affirmative using just: Subject + aux. verb + just + vpp We use yet for the negative and questions form of the present perfect sentences. Formula for negative using yet: Subject + neg. aux. verb + vpp + yet (at the end). Formula for questions using yet: Aux. verb + subject + vpp + yet (at the end). AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVE / QUESTIONS PRESENT PERFECT USING: JUST, ALREADY AND YET IN AFFIRMATIVE, NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS.

7 PRESENT PERFECT USING: JUST, ALREADY AND YET. AffirmativeNegative Ive already visited three universities. I havent made a decision yet. A local bookstore has just made a donation. QuestionsAnswers Have you visited your favorite colleges yet? Yes, I have./ No, I havent.

8 We use the present perfect with already, just, and yet to talk about recent news and events. We use already in affirmative sentences to talk about news and events that happened before now. E.g.He has already visited his favorite college. We use just in affirmative sentences to talk about very recent events. E.g. Theyve just made a big announcement. We use yet in questions and negative sentences to talk about news and events happening up to now or are about to happen in a short time. E.g. Have you signed up to help with the Spring Dance yet? We havent chosen a theme yet. GRAMMAR SUMMARY

9 THANK YOU.


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