Presentation on theme: "PRESENT PERFECT The Present Perfect Tense is formed by 2 things: the auxiliary verb HAVE and HAS the PAST PARTICIPLE. For irregular verbs, use the participle."— Presentation transcript:
PRESENT PERFECT The Present Perfect Tense is formed by 2 things: the auxiliary verb HAVE and HAS the PAST PARTICIPLE. For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.list of irregular verbs For Example… She has worked in that office for six years. auxiliary + past participle
PRESENT PERFECT Here are some more examples! I have already eaten breakfast. She has seen that movie before. We have dealt with customers for many years. In these examples the past participle has an irregular form. Just like the lists you’ve been studying
PRESENT PERFECT She has used a cash register before. He has worked for that company since May. We have already served their food. In these examples the past participle has a regular form and looks just the simple past tense, but it’s not.
PRESENT PERFECT We often use CONTRACTIONS with this tense. »I have I’ve »You have You’ve »We have We’ve »They have They’ve »He has He’s »She has She’s »It has It’s I have lived in Florida for two years. I’ve lived in Florida for two years
PRESENT PERFECT Positive NegativeInterrogative I/you/we/they I have spoken I haven’t spoken Have I spoken? He/she/it He has spoken He hasn’t spoken Has he spoken?
PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect simple to express an action that began in the past until now
PRESENT PERFECT Muse hasn’t seen his uncle for 8 years. I have worked here for five years. She has lived here for twenty years. They have been married for six months. I have lived in New York for ten years For: When talking about the length of time (duration), we use the present perfect with for + a period of time.
PRESENT PERFECT Mr. Shukurov has taught Turkish for 5 years. Mr. Yildiz has been our Biology teacher for 3 years
PRESENT PERFECT oI haven’t visited my aunt since 1985. oElvin has studied in this school since 2001. oI have lived here since 1998. oThey have been married since June. oWe have been at this school since last year. Since: When talking about a starting point, we use the present perfect with since + a point in time.
PRESENT PERFECT We use present perfect simple to express an action happened in the past but result is in the present
PRESENT PERFECT He has broken his leg. She has had a baby. It is sweet.
PRESENT PERFECT Look! Everywhere is white. It has snowed.
PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect to talk about our experience. We talk about past action in unfinished period of time
PRESENT PERFECT I have eaten Chinese food. I have never seen Akhdamar Island. I have never driven a lorry. Akim has never had a serious accident
PRESENT PERFECT We use present perfect to say how many times I have gone somewhere or tried something or done something …etc in my life.
PRESENT PERFECT I have been to New York two times.
PRESENT PERFECT I have phoned him twice today. Scientists have gone to the moon two times this century.
PRESENT PERFECT I have read 50 pages this week. Ozal has gone home once this month. It has snowed only two times this year
PRESENT PERFECT We use present perfect to talk about the recent past in sentences with just. (acabar de…)
PRESENT PERFECT Shahin has just won the competition.
PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect with the following adverbs (ever, never, already, yet, still…) 'Ever' ( alguna vez) and 'never' (nunca) are always placed before the past participle. Ex: Has she ever met someone famous? I have never visited London. I’ve never been so sick. Already (ya) can be placed before the main verb (past participle) or at the end of the sentence. Ex: I have already seen the movie. I have seen the movie already. Have you already seen the movie? Have you seen the movie already?
PRESENT PERFECT Still (todavía) before the auxiliary in negative sentences.(Emphatic use!) Ex: They still haven’t finished. Yet (todavía) at the end of the sentence. EX: They haven’t finished yet
PRESENT PERFECT When we want to ask a question about something that happened at any time before now, we say: Have you ever….? Have you ever worked at a job you really loved? Has she ever worked at a job she really hated? Have they ever used a cash register? Have you ever supervised other employees? The short answer is… Yes, I have. Yes, she has. No, I haven’t No, she hasn’t