2 FORM Have/has + past participle. For regular verbs the past participle is the same as the past simple: we just add –ed.For irregular verbs, you must learn the forms in the list on page 155.
3 Affirmative Sentences I’ve (I have)You’ve (you have)He’s (he has)She’s (she has)It’s (it has)We’ve (we have)They’ve (they have)been to London.
4 Negative Senteces I haven’t You haven’t He hasn’t She hasn’t It hasn’t We haven’tThey haven’tworked in a bank.
5 Questions Have you worked in a bank? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Has he been to London?Yes, he has.No, he hasn’t.
6 USEWe use the present perfect to talk about experiences when you DON’T say when they exactly happened.I have been to Madrid three times.I have seen the film “Avatar”.My brother has lived in England.
7 Ever, neverWe usually use the present perfect with the adverb ever and never.Have you ever met a famous person?Yes, I have met Brad Pitt.I have never met a famous person.
8 Gone vs. beenCompare:He’s gone to Paris = He’s in Paris now, he’s not here.He’s been to Paris twice = He went to Paris and came back twice.
9 Present perfect vs. Past simple We use present perfect to talk about an experience in general. When and where are not important.I’ve eaten sushi.Use past simple to give more details (to say when)I ate it last week in Japan.