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Published byJimmy Cherry
Modified over 2 years ago
Past Perfect Simple Thursday, August 4th
Use: Completed action before something in the past. now
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. e.g.: John had written a letter when his mother arrived.
E x a m p l e s : She only understood the movie because she had read the book. 2. I had never seen such a beautiful sunset before I went to Hawaii.
Adverbs: The Past Perfect Simple is often used with: before – after – for – since – when – just - already
S t r u c t u r e SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES E.g.: Shed talked a lot in the classroom.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST E.g.: She hadnt talked a lot in the classroom.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES HAD + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST + ? E.g.: Had she talked a lot in the classroom? Yes, She had. No, She hadnt.
Time to practice! Karen __________________ (finish) making dinner by the time her husband came home. When I arrived at the store, it _______________ (close) already.
Past Perfect Continuous
Use When something had been happening for a period of time before something else happened. now
E x a m p l e s Ken gave up smoking two years ago. Hed been smoking for 30 years. Our game was interrupted. Wed been playing for about half an hour when it started to rain.
The past perfect continuous is often used with: just – for - since
S t r u c t u r e SUBJECT + HAD + BEEN + VERB-ING + REST AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES E.g.: Shed been talking all day long.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + BEEN + VERB-ING+ REST E.g.: She hadnt been talking all day long.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES HAD + SUBJECT + BEEN + VERB-ING + REST + ? E.g.: Had she been talking all day long? Yes, She had. No, She hadnt.
Time to practice! Karen __________________ (finish) her homework when the celphone rang. When I arrived at home, my brother ___________________ (leave) the house.
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