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Published byJimmy Cherry
Modified over 2 years ago
Thursday, August 4th Past Perfect Simple
Use: Completed action before something in the past. now
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past.e.g.: John had written a letter when his mother arrived.
E x a m p l e s : She only understood the movie because she had read the book. 2. I had never seen such a beautiful sunset before I went to Hawaii.
Adverbs: The Past Perfect Simple is often used with:before – after – for – since – when – just - already
SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE + RESTS t r u c t u r e AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST E.g.: She’d talked a lot in the classroom.
SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + PAST PARTICIPLE + RESTNEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST E.g.: She hadn’t talked a lot in the classroom.
HAD + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST + ?INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES HAD + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE + REST + ? E.g.: Had she talked a lot in the classroom? Yes, She had. No, She hadn’t.
Time to practice! Karen __________________ (finish) making dinner by the time her husband came home. When I arrived at the store, it _______________ (close) already.
Past Perfect Continuous
Use When something had been happening for a period of time before something else happened. now
E x a m p l e s Ken gave up smoking two years ago. He’d been smoking for 30 years. Our game was interrupted. We’d been playing for about half an hour when it started to rain.
The past perfect continuous is often used with:just – for - since
SUBJECT + HAD + BEEN + VERB-ING + RESTS t r u c t u r e AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + BEEN + VERB-ING + REST E.g.: She’d been talking all day long.
SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + BEEN + VERB-ING+ RESTNEGATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + HAD + NOT + BEEN + VERB-ING+ REST E.g.: She hadn’t been talking all day long.
HAD + SUBJECT + BEEN + VERB-ING + REST + ?INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES HAD + SUBJECT + BEEN + VERB-ING + REST + ? E.g.: Had she been talking all day long? Yes, She had. No, She hadn’t.
Time to practice! Karen __________________ (finish) her homework when the celphone rang. When I arrived at home, my brother ___________________ (leave) the house.
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