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1 Service Area Room Planning. The Service Area Supplies equipment and space for: Supplies equipment and space for: Maintenance. Maintenance. Storage.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Service Area Room Planning. The Service Area Supplies equipment and space for: Supplies equipment and space for: Maintenance. Maintenance. Storage."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Service Area Room Planning

2 The Service Area Supplies equipment and space for: Supplies equipment and space for: Maintenance. Maintenance. Storage. Storage. Service. Service. Includes kitchen, clothes care center, garage, utility, and storage. Includes kitchen, clothes care center, garage, utility, and storage. 2

3 3

4 Kitchen The principal use of the kitchen is food preparation, but may include dining, laundry, and storage. The principal use of the kitchen is food preparation, but may include dining, laundry, and storage. Kitchen design presents many unique problems for the designer. Kitchen design presents many unique problems for the designer. Be sure to consider accessibility. Be sure to consider accessibility. The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house per square foot. The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house per square foot. 4

5 Kitchen Contemporary, functional kitchen. Contemporary, functional kitchen. 5

6 Kitchen Planning Planning an efficient kitchen involves: Planning an efficient kitchen involves: Placement of appliances. Placement of appliances. Providing adequate storage cabinets. Providing adequate storage cabinets. Providing food preparation facilities. Providing food preparation facilities. 6

7 Kitchen Work Centers Kitchen work centers include: Kitchen work centers include: Food preparation center. Food preparation center. Cleanup center. Cleanup center. Cooking center. Cooking center. Consider the logical location of each of the kitchen work centers to minimize walking and increase efficiency. Consider the logical location of each of the kitchen work centers to minimize walking and increase efficiency. 7

8 Kitchen Work Center 8

9 Kitchen Work Triangle The work triangle is one measure of kitchen efficiency. The work triangle is one measure of kitchen efficiency. The distance from the front-center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range is the length of the work triangle. The distance from the front-center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range is the length of the work triangle. The total distance should not exceed 22 feet. The total distance should not exceed 22 feet. 9

10 Kitchen Work Triangle This work triangle is an efficient 17'-4". This work triangle is an efficient 17'-4". 10

11 Kitchen Storage The food and cooking utensils are stored near the work areas. The food and cooking utensils are stored near the work areas. 11

12 Kitchen Storage 12

13 Basic Kitchen Styles There are six basic kitchen styles: There are six basic kitchen styles: straight-line kitchen. straight-line kitchen. L-shaped kitchen. L-shaped kitchen. Corridor kitchen. Corridor kitchen. Island kitchen. Island kitchen. U-shaped kitchen. U-shaped kitchen. Peninsula kitchen. Peninsula kitchen. 13

14 Straight-Line Kitchen The straight-line kitchen is frequently used in cottages and apartments. The straight-line kitchen is frequently used in cottages and apartments. Little space is required for this design. Little space is required for this design. Disadvantages are: Disadvantages are: Provides limited amount of cabinet space. Provides limited amount of cabinet space. Not very interesting. Not very interesting. It is seldom chosen when space is available for another style. It is seldom chosen when space is available for another style. 14

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16 L-Shaped Kitchen The L-shaped kitchen is located along two adjacent walls. The L-shaped kitchen is located along two adjacent walls. It is an efficient design. It is an efficient design. It is more attractive than a straight-line kitchen. It is more attractive than a straight-line kitchen. It has two work centers along one wall. It has two work centers along one wall. Not intended for large kitchens. Not intended for large kitchens. 16

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18 L-Shaped Kitchen This L-shaped kitchen has lots of cabinet space and a contemporary decor. This L-shaped kitchen has lots of cabinet space and a contemporary decor. 18

19 L-Shaped Kitchen An L-shaped kitchen with more traditional decor. An L-shaped kitchen with more traditional decor. 19

20 Corridor Kitchen The corridor kitchen is located along two walls opposite each other. The corridor kitchen is located along two walls opposite each other. Usually small to medium in size; ideal for a long, narrow room. Usually small to medium in size; ideal for a long, narrow room. An efficient arrangement is possible. An efficient arrangement is possible. A major disadvantage is the traffic through the kitchen. A major disadvantage is the traffic through the kitchen. 20

21 Corridor Kitchen 21

22 U-Shaped Kitchen The U-shaped kitchen is the most popular kitchen design. The U-shaped kitchen is the most popular kitchen design. It has a high level of efficiency and is very attractive. It has a high level of efficiency and is very attractive. Has no traffic through the kitchen. Has no traffic through the kitchen. The work triangle is functional and compact. The work triangle is functional and compact. Medium-size kitchen. Medium-size kitchen. 22

23 U-Shaped Kitchen 23

24 U-Shaped Kitchen 24

25 U-Shaped Kitchen 25

26 Peninsula Kitchen The peninsula kitchen provides plenty of workspace and has a compact work triangle. The peninsula kitchen provides plenty of workspace and has a compact work triangle. Easily joined to the dining room using the peninsula as a divider. Easily joined to the dining room using the peninsula as a divider. The peninsula may be used as a cooking or food preparation center. The peninsula may be used as a cooking or food preparation center. Reduces traffic through the kitchen. Reduces traffic through the kitchen. 26

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28 Peninsula Kitchen Peninsula used for cooking and serving. Peninsula used for cooking and serving. 28

29 Peninsula Kitchen Peninsula used as an eating area that can double as a hobby area. Peninsula used as an eating area that can double as a hobby area. 29 (Manufactured Housing Institute)

30 Peninsula Kitchen Peninsula used for food preparation. Peninsula used for food preparation. 30 (Wood-Mode Cabinetry)

31 Island Kitchen The island kitchen may be a modification of other designs. The island kitchen may be a modification of other designs. The island may house the sink, cooking center, food preparation center, or serve as a countertop or snack bar. The island may house the sink, cooking center, food preparation center, or serve as a countertop or snack bar. The island should be accessible from all sides. The island should be accessible from all sides. Clearance space around the island should be at least 4 feet. Clearance space around the island should be at least 4 feet. 31

32 Island Kitchen 32

33 Island Kitchen Island with a sink. Island with a sink. 33

34 Island Kitchen Island serves as a cooking center. Island serves as a cooking center. 34 (Lis King)

35 Island Kitchen Island as a food preparation center. Island as a food preparation center. 35 (Lis King)

36 Cabinets and Appliances Appliances are available in a variety of styles, colors, and sizes. Appliances are available in a variety of styles, colors, and sizes. Kitchen cabinets provide the majority of storage space. Kitchen cabinets provide the majority of storage space. Cabinets are produced in standard sizes in 3" multiples. Cabinets are produced in standard sizes in 3" multiples. Base cabinets are 34-1/2" H and 24" D. Base cabinets are 34-1/2" H and 24" D. Wall cabinets are 12" to 30" H and 12" or 13" D. Wall cabinets are 12" to 30" H and 12" or 13" D. 36

37 Appliance Sizes 37

38 Section Through Cabinets 38

39 Kitchen Plans 39

40 Wall Cabinet Sizes 40

41 Base Cabinet Sizes 41

42 Kitchen Location The kitchen location is important. The kitchen location is important. It is the prime element of the service area. It is the prime element of the service area. Its relationship to other areas of house requires careful evaluation. Its relationship to other areas of house requires careful evaluation. Locate it near the service entrance. Locate it near the service entrance. Locate it near the dining room. Locate it near the dining room. Locate it near the laundry and a bath. Locate it near the laundry and a bath. 42

43 Kitchen Ventilation Ventilation is required in the kitchen. Ventilation is required in the kitchen. A hood is better than a wall fan. A hood is better than a wall fan. Exhaust must be to the outside. Exhaust must be to the outside. 43

44 Kitchen Design Ideas Island kitchen with breakfast area. Island kitchen with breakfast area. 44

45 Kitchen Design Ideas U-shaped kitchen near dining room. U-shaped kitchen near dining room. 45

46 Kitchen Eating Areas Kitchen eating areas should be convenient for serving informal meals. Kitchen eating areas should be convenient for serving informal meals. Kitchen eating areas should be located outside the food preparation area. Kitchen eating areas should be located outside the food preparation area. Allow sufficient space for seating and moving about. Allow sufficient space for seating and moving about. 46

47 Kitchen Eating Areas 47

48 Kitchen Eating Areas 48

49 Garages The purpose of a garage is to provide shelter for the family cars. The purpose of a garage is to provide shelter for the family cars. They range from small and simple to large and complex spaces. They range from small and simple to large and complex spaces. Attached to the house or freestanding. Attached to the house or freestanding. Sizes depend on number of cars, size and layout of house, and space available. Sizes depend on number of cars, size and layout of house, and space available. Two-car space: 20' x 20' to 25' x 25'. Two-car space: 20' x 20' to 25' x 25'. 49

50 Single-Car Garage Garages with and without storage. Garages with and without storage. 50

51 Two-Car Garage Small and large two-car garages. Small and large two-car garages. 51


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