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IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization.

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Presentation on theme: "IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization."— Presentation transcript:

1 IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization

2 DISCLAIMER This presentation does not follow any political interests, and is solely for cultural and social purposes. Any abuse and/or misuse of this presentation for any political purposes is strictly prohibited. This presentation was made possible by the efforts of several Iranian students in the United States of America.

3 Contents General Information History Natural Scenery Tourism
Social Life of Iranians Iran before 1979 Revolution Iran after 1979 Revolution Art and Iranians Famous Iranians Iranians in USA Persian Words in English Language

4 General Information

5 General Information Middle East Europe Asia Africa

6 General Information Middle East is an area which covers parts of west Asia and North East Africa

7 General Information Caspian Sea Persian Gulf

8 General Information Ancient Name:
Perse, Pars, Persia (Until 1935) Persians (Parsians) Conventional Name: Iran (After 1935) Iranians Type of Government: Republic (Islamic Republic) Conventional Long Full Name: Islamic Republic of Iran Reference: CIA Facebook

9 General Information Iran’s Flag Reference: CIA Facebook

10 General Information Iranian Bank Notes

11 General Information Race Background: Aria (Arya)
Area: million sq km (Slightly Larger than Alaska) Arable Area: about 10 % Population: 68,688,433 (July 2006 est.) Religion: Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2% Literacy more than 80% (age 15 and over can read and write) Reference: CIA Facebook

12 General Information Capital: Tehran Calendar: Persian Calendar
This year: 1386 A Solar Calendar which is more Accurate than Gregorian Calendars Persian New Year: 21st March Official Language: Farsi (Persian) Reference: CIA Facebook

13 General Information Arid Semi Arid Mountains Forests

14 Brief History

15 History Zoroaster, Iranian Prophet (1200 B.C.)

16 History Black Sea Mediterranean Sea
Achaemenian Empires (3200 BCE – 330 BCE) Reference:

17 History The Persian Empires (about 500 BC)

18 Achaemenian Empires (3200 BCE – 330 BCE)
History Darius, the Great Old Testament, Ezra Chapter 6 Darius finds the decree of Cyrus in the archives of Achmetha (Hamadan), and directs Tatnai not to disturb the Jews in their work. He also exempts them from tribute, and supplies everything necessary for the offerings. The Temple is finished in the month of Adar, in the sixth year of Darius, and is dedicated with great solemnity. Cyrus, the Great Old Testament, Ezra Chapter 1 Cyrus king of Persia released God's people from their captivity, with license to return and build the temple in Jerusalem: and restored the holy vessels which Nabuchodonosor had taken from them. Achaemenian Empires (3200 BCE – 330 BCE) Reference:

19 History All Nations Gate, Statue of Xerxes the Great, Persepolis, Achaemenian Capital Reference:

20 History Persepolis, Achaemenian Capital Reference:

21 History Apadana, Achaemenian Kings Monument Reference:

22 History Pasargad, Monument of Cyrus the Great Reference:

23 History Persepolis, Achaemenian Soldiers Reference:

24 History The First Human Rights Document Ever Made by
Darius I King of Persia, Achaemenian Era Reference:

25 History The first credible claim for the development of a real postal system comes from Persia , A Post Station (Chaparkhane), Achaemenian Era Reference:

26 History The Sassanian Empire (602-629 AD) Reference:
Black Sea Mediterranean Sea Indian Ocean The Sassanian Empire ( AD) Reference:

27 History Shapur, King of Persia, The Sassanian Empire (602-629 AD)

28 History Ctesiphopn, Sassanid Palace, Now in Iraq

29 History Sassanid Dynasty invented Bank system. During the third century AD, banks in Persia and other territories in the Persian empire under Sassanid Empire issued letters of credit known as Sakks and is the root of the word cheque. Reference:

30 History Khwarizmi , 800 A.D., Persian mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and geographer, Inventor of Algorithm Rhazes, 865 A.D., Chemist and Physician Discovered Sulfuric Acid and Alcohol Reference:

31 History Avicennia, 980 A.D., Physician and Philosopher
Author of The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine which was for seven centuries the standard medical text in European universities Reference:

32 History Safavid Dynasty, Ruled from 1501 to 1736 A.D.

33 History A Safavid King Reference:

34 History A Safavid Palace, Isfahan

35 History Interior Design in a Safavid Palace Reference:

36 History Qajar dynasty, Ruled from 1781 to 1925 B.C

37 History Qajar Kings Reference:

38 History Amir Kabir, Qajar Prime Minister
Established the First Modern University in Iran in 1880s Reference:

39 History Reza Shah (King Reza), 1924-1941 Mohammad Reza Shah, 1941-1979
Pahlavi Dynasty Reference:

40 King Mohammad Reza and Emress King is crowning the Emress
History King Mohammad Reza and Emress King is crowning the Emress Pahlavi Dynasty Reference:

41 History Shah and President Truman, 1949
President Eisenhower Visits Iran, 1959 Shah and President Kennedy, 1962 Shah and President Lyndon, 1968 Reference:

42 History Shah and President Nixon, 1973
President Nixon Visits Iran, 1972 Shah and President Ford, 1975 Shah and President Carter, 1977 Reference:

43 History Iranian Revolution, 1979 Reference:

44 Iranian Revolution Leader, 1979
History Ayatollah Khomeini Iranian Revolution Leader, 1979 Reference:

45 History On 22 September 1980 Iraq invaded Iran and this war lasted from September 1980 to August 1988 and about a million Iranians killed or wounded. On 9 December 1991, the UN Secretary-General declared Iraq as invader and the war ended. Reference:

46 Natural Scenery

47 Natural Scenery Reference:

48 Natural Scenery Reference:

49 Natural Scenery Reference: Fars News Agency

50 Natural Scenery Reference:

51 Natural Scenery Reference:

52 Natural Scenery Reference:

53 Natural Scenery Reference:

54 Tourism Attractions

55 Tourism Attractions Chehel sotun, Esfahan Imam Square, Esfahan

56 Tourism Attractions Eram Garden, Shiraz A mosque, Esfahan

57 Interior Design of mosques
Tourism Attractions Interior Design of mosques Reference:

58 Naqsh Jahan Square, Esfahan
Tourism Attractions Naqsh Jahan Square, Esfahan

59 An Ancient Chruch, Isfahan
Tourism Attractions Alisadr Cave, Hamedan Ahwaz Bridge, Ahwaz Eel Goli, Tabriz An Ancient Chruch, Isfahan Reference:

60 Ferdowsi Monument, Mashad Sioseh Pol(33 Bridges), Esfahan
Tourism Attractions Ferdowsi Monument, Mashad Ali Qapu, Esfahan Sioseh Pol(33 Bridges), Esfahan Khajoo Bridge Esfahan Reference:

61 Tourism Attractions Namak Abrood resort, Northern Iran
Hafez Monument, Shiraz Reference:

62 Imam Reza holly shrine (All made of gold and silver), Mashad
Tourism Attractions Imam Reza holly shrine (All made of gold and silver), Mashad Reference:

63 Tourism Attractions Kalut, the Biggest Cloddish Town of the World
Reference: CHN Photo Agency

64 Tourism Attractions Iranian Cappadocia: Kandovan

65 Tourism Attractions Salt Lake, Uromieh Salt Lake, Uromieh

66 Tourism Attractions Qeshm Island Reference:

67 Tourism Attractions Dolphin Park, Kish Island Reference:

68 The second 7 star hotel of the world
Tourism Attractions The second 7 star hotel of the world Flower of the east Kish Island Reference:

69 Tourism Attractions Underground Town of Kariz, Kish Island

70 Tehran Capital of Iran

71 Tehran Reference:

72 Tehran Reference:

73 Tehran Reference:

74 Tehran Reference:

75 Tehran Reference:

76 Tehran Reference:

77 Tehran Reference:

78 Tehran Reference:

79 Tehran Samand, Iran made Car Reference:

80 Tehran Azadi Soccer Stadium Hor Square, Tehran
Capacity 100,000, Tehran Hor Square, Tehran (Hor Means Freedman) Reference:

81 Tehran Subway Stations in Tehran Reference:

82 Social Life of Iranians

83 Before 1979 revolution

84 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution
Students, Tehran University Iranian students at Berkeley University 1970

85 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution
Iranian Singers and Actresses Reference:

86 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution
Iranian Women Police Iranian Women Army Reference:

87 After 1979 revolution

88 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Youth Reference:

89 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Break Dance in the Street Iranian Youth Participating in Presidential Polls Reference:

90 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Soccer Fans Fans of a Presidential Candidate Iranian Youth Reference:

91 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Youth Soccer Fans Reference:

92 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Traffic Police Reference:

93 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Fashions

94 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Women Soccer Players Iranian Women Rugby Players Reference: Associated Press Fars News Agency

95 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Wrestling Team Top Three of the World Iranian Soccer Team Top 20 of the World Reference:

96 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Soccer Fans in World Cup 2006

97 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Women Ice Skaters and Inline Skaters Reference:

98 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Women Polo Players Iranian Women Golf Players

99 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian Women Car Racers Reference:

100 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Tehran Symphonic Orchestra Reference:

101 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Persian New Year, 21st of March Reference:

102 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Last Wednesday of the Year Chahrshanbe Soori Fireworks, Dance and Jump over Fire Reference:

103 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Ski Resorts, Tehran

104 Social Life after 1979 Revolution
Iranian People Sympathetic with American People after September 11 Teharn

105 ART and Iranians

106 Art and Iranians Iranian Miniature Reference:

107 Hand-knotted Persian Silk/wool Rug
Art and Iranians Hand-knotted Persian Silk/wool Rug Reference:

108 Art and Iranians Blue Tile Works Reference:

109 Handicraft Copper Works
Art and Iranians Handicraft Copper Works Reference:

110 Famous Iranians

111 Associate Administrator for Earth Science of NASA
Famous Iranians Anousheh Ansari First Female Private Space Tourism Christiane Amanpour Chief International Correspondent for the CNN Bijan Davari IBM Fellow and Vice President Dr. Ghasem Asrar Associate Administrator for Earth Science of NASA Reference:

112 Famous Iranians Prof. Mohammad Jamshidi Hossein Eslambolchi
A Member of the Advisory board of the NASA JPL's MARS Pathfinder Project Hossein Eslambolchi Chief Technology Officer and Chief Information Officer of AT&T Maria Khorsand President of Ericsson Company Prof. Ali Javan Inventor of Gas Laser in 1960 Reference:

113 Famous Iranians Omid Kordestani Prof. Lotfi Zadeh Pierre M. Omidyar
Senior Vice President for Worldwide Sales and Field Operations of Google Prof. Lotfi Zadeh Father of Fuzzy Logic Theorem, UC Berkley Professor Pierre M. Omidyar Founder and Chairman of the eBay Farzad Nazem Executive Vice President of Yahoo! Reference:

114 Famous Iranians Faryar Shirzad Azadeh Tabazadeh Bijan Pakzad (Bijan)
Former White House Deputy Assistant for International Economic Affairs to President George W. Bush Azadeh Tabazadeh Senior Research Scientist, Earth Science Division, NASA Bijan Pakzad (Bijan) Designer of Menswear and Fragrances Owner of the most expensive store in the world in Beverly Hills, CA Shirin Ebadi The First Iranian and the First Muslim Woman To Receive the Nobel Peace Prize Reference:

115 Iranians in USA

116 Iranians in USA In 1990 about 1,100,000 Iranians have been living in USA. In 1979, Iran has had the most student population abroad among all other countries and the most number of foreign students in US. 46% of Iranians in US have bachelor’s degree or higher. Reference:

117 Iranians in USA It is estimated that about 800,000 Iranians live in California. The most population of Iranians, about 600,000, live in Los Angeles which is called “Tehrangeles” (Tehran-Los Angeles). Iranians live in Westwood district of L.A. Which is called “Little Persia” and is one of the most expensive districts of L.A. Reference:

118 Persian words in English language

119 Persian Words in English Language
More than 500 Persian Words is estimated in English Language. of them are as follows: Algorithm (Khwarazmi) Beggar (bi-kaar) Bronze (birinj) Better (Behtar) Best (Beh ast) Candy (Ghandy) Caravan (kārawān) Cash (karsha) Caviar (khaviyar) Cheque(Check) (Chek) Chess (shah) Cow (Gav) Door (Darb) Guitar (Sitar) Far (Far) Further (Fartar) Reference:

120 Persian Words in English Language
Jackal (shaghāl) Jasmine (yasmin) Khaki (khaki) Kebab (Kabab) Lemon (limoo) Lips (Lab) Magic (maguš) Orange (nāranj) Pajamas (pāë jāmah) Paradise (pairidaeza) Sandal (sandal) Sherry (Shiraz) Spinach (aspanakh) Sugar (shakar) Reference:

121 Thank You

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