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New Nation- States from the Old Soviet Empire Will They Succeed?

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Presentation on theme: "New Nation- States from the Old Soviet Empire Will They Succeed?"— Presentation transcript:

1 New Nation- States from the Old Soviet Empire Will They Succeed?

2 “Iron Felix” Dzerzhinsky Russian Revolution of 1917 destroyed the czarist empire created a new state called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union, in 1922 statue of Dzerzhinsky in a Moscow square reminded people that the police were always watching

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4 Terms Nationalism – feelings of loyalty and pride toward one’s nation or ethnic group. Sometimes includes the belief that one’s nation is better than others. Nation – a large group of people who share a common history and culture. Not all nations have their own government or control territory. State – a political unit that controls a particular territory. Nation-state – an independent state, or country, whose people mostly share a common identity.

5 The Geographic Setting 2 ½ times the size of the US 3 rd largest population USSR- Superpower from Collapsed in 1991 = largest failed state

6 Features of Successful Nation-States 1.Security 2.Political freedom 3.Economic growth 4.Quality of life 5.National unity

7 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant

8 Arid Some agriculture & Pastoral Greatest resource = minerals –OIL!

9 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant Ethnic Conflicts Create a Split –Kazakhs (Muslims) ½ Population live in the southern countryside –Russians (Christians) 1/3 Population live in the north where the Soviets developed heavy industry

10 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant Serious environmental problems –Pesticides in water supply –Toxic waste –Nuclear testing backlash Looking ahead –Resource use to promote economic growth –Solving environmental problems –Calming ethnic conflict

11 Azerbaijan: Where Europe Meets Asia

12 Rich in Oil –#1 export –Capital Baku finest harbor in Caspian Sea –Soviets sent oil to Russia –Works with foreign oil companies to open to new markets

13 Azerbaijan: Where Europe Meets Asia Ethnic Warfare clouds the future –Azeris (Muslim)= 90% population –Armenian (Christian) = 2% population –Nagorno-Karabakh region has Armenian’s who want independence. –1992 war, cease fire 1994; tensions still high

14 Belarus: Between Europe and Russia Russia

15 Belarus: Between Europe and Russia Landlocked 11,000 lakes Past – agriculture and logging –Today 1/5 destroyed by Chernobyl

16 Belarus: Between Europe and Russia Strong Russian Influence –81% Belarusian –11% Russian –Developed during Soviet rule –Russia biggest trading partner –Disagree about labor, trade and government control

17 Lithuania: One of the Three Baltic States

18 Rich soil = good crops Baltic sea = good fishing Limited mineral wealth

19 Lithuania: One of the Three Baltic States 1 st to declare independence from Russia 1990 European models for democratic government 2004 member of EU Also member of NATO Lithuanians vote in female president

20 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth

21 Vast forests and mineral wealth (coal, oil and natural gas) Too cold to farm

22 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth Soviet government owned everything (sold to powerful political leaders) Business private, but not run well Economy still growing

23 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth Challenges –High crime rate, housing costly, alcohol abuse rising and pollution a major concern –Ethnic nationalism and religious divisions Russian Orthodox Church majority Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist and Christians minority

24 15 Nation States Estonia Latvia Lithuania Belarus Ukraine Moldova Georgia Armenia Azerbaijan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Russia


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