Presentation on theme: "New Nation-States from the Old Soviet Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Nation-States from the Old Soviet Empire Will They Succeed?
2 “Iron Felix” Dzerzhinsky Russian Revolution of 1917destroyed the czarist empirecreated a new state called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union, in 1922statue of Dzerzhinsky in a Moscow square reminded people that the police were always watching
4 TermsNationalism – feelings of loyalty and pride toward one’s nation or ethnic group. Sometimes includes the belief that one’s nation is better than others.Nation – a large group of people who share a common history and culture. Not all nations have their own government or control territory.State – a political unit that controls a particular territory.Nation-state – an independent state, or country, whose people mostly share a common identity.
5 The Geographic Setting 2 ½ times the size of the US3rd largest populationUSSR- Superpower fromCollapsed in 1991 = largest failed state
6 Features of Successful Nation-States SecurityPolitical freedomEconomic growthQuality of lifeNational unity
8 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant AridSome agriculture & PastoralGreatest resource = mineralsOIL!
9 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant Ethnic Conflicts Create a SplitKazakhs (Muslims) ½ Population live in the southern countrysideRussians (Christians) 1/3 Population live in the north where the Soviets developed heavy industry
10 Kazakhstan: A Central Asian Giant Serious environmental problemsPesticides in water supplyToxic wasteNuclear testing backlashLooking aheadResource use to promote economic growthSolving environmental problemsCalming ethnic conflict
12 Azerbaijan: Where Europe Meets Asia Rich in Oil#1 exportCapital Baku finest harbor in Caspian SeaSoviets sent oil to RussiaWorks with foreign oil companies to open to new markets
13 Azerbaijan: Where Europe Meets Asia Ethnic Warfare clouds the futureAzeris (Muslim)= 90% populationArmenian (Christian) = 2% populationNagorno-Karabakh region has Armenian’s who want independence.1992 war, cease fire 1994; tensions still high
18 Lithuania: One of the Three Baltic States Rich soil = good cropsBaltic sea = good fishingLimited mineral wealth
19 Lithuania: One of the Three Baltic States 1st to declare independence from Russia 1990European models for democratic government2004 member of EUAlso member of NATOLithuanians vote in female president
21 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth Vast forests and mineral wealth (coal, oil and natural gas)Too cold to farm
22 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth Soviet government owned everything (sold to powerful political leaders)Business private, but not run wellEconomy still growing
23 Russia: The Largest Nation on Earth ChallengesHigh crime rate, housing costly, alcohol abuse rising and pollution a major concernEthnic nationalism and religious divisionsRussian Orthodox Church majorityMuslim, Jewish, Buddhist and Christians minority
24 15 Nation States Estonia Latvia Lithuania Belarus Ukraine Moldova GeorgiaArmeniaAzerbaijanTurkmenistanUzbekistanKyrgyzstanTajikistanKazakhstanRussia