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IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization. DISCLAIMER This presentation does not follow any political interests, and is solely for cultural and social purposes.

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Presentation on theme: "IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization. DISCLAIMER This presentation does not follow any political interests, and is solely for cultural and social purposes."— Presentation transcript:

1 IRAN Archaic Signet of Civilization

2 DISCLAIMER This presentation does not follow any political interests, and is solely for cultural and social purposes. Any abuse and/or misuse of this presentation for any political purposes is strictly prohibited. This presentation was made possible by the efforts of several Iranian students in the United States of America.

3 Contents General Information History Natural Scenery Tourism Social Life of Iranians Modern Iran before 1979 Revolution Iran after 1979 Revolution Art and Iranians Famous Iranians Iranians in USA Persian Words in English Language

4 General Information

5 Europe Africa Asia Middle East

6 General Information Middle East is an area which covers parts of west Asia and North East Africa

7 General Information Persian Gulf Caspian Sea

8 General Information Ancient Name: Perse, Pars, Persia (Until 1935)Persians (Parsians) Conventional Name: Iran (After 1935)Iranians Type of Government: Republic (Islamic Republic) Conventional Long Full Name: Islamic Republic of Iran Reference: CIA Facebook

9 General Information Iran’s Flag Reference: CIA Facebook

10 General Information Iranian Bank Notes

11 General Information Race Background: Aria (Arya) Area: million sq km (Slightly Larger than Alaska) Arable Area: about 10 % Population: 68,688,433 (July 2006 est.) Religion: Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2% Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): more than 80% Reference: CIA Facebook Wikipedia.org

12 General Information Capital:Tehran Calendar:Persian Calendar This year: 1386 A Solar Calendar which is more Accurate than Gregorian Clanedar Persian New Year:21 st March Official Language:Farsi (Persian) Reference: CIA Facebook wikipedia.com

13 General Information Semi Arid Mountains Forests Arid

14 Brief History

15 History Zoroaster, Iranian Prophet (1200 B.C.) Reference: Wikipedia.org

16 History Achaemenian Empires (3200 BCE – 330 BCE) Reference: Wikipedia.org Mediterranean Sea Black Sea

17 History Achaemenian Empires (3200 BCE – 330 BCE) Darius, the Great Old Testament, Ezra Chapter 6 Darius finds the decree of Cyrus in the archives of Achmetha (Hamadan), and directs Tatnai not to disturb the Jews in their work. He also exempts them from tribute, and supplies everything necessary for the offerings. The Temple is finished in the month of Adar, in the sixth year of Darius, and is dedicated with great solemnity. Cyrus, the Great Old Testament, Ezra Chapter 1 Cyrus king of Persia released God's people from their captivity, with license to return and build the temple in Jerusalem: and restored the holy vessels which Nabuchodonosor had taken from them. Reference: Wikipedia.org

18 History All Nations Gate, Statue of Xerxes the Great, Persepolis, Achaemenian Capital Reference: bia2.com dreamview.net

19 History Persepolis, Achaemenian Capital Reference: bia2.com

20 History Apadana, Achaemenian Kings Monument Reference: bia2.com

21 History Pasargad, Monument of Cyrus the Great Reference: dreamview.net

22 History Persepolis, Achaemenian Soldiers Reference: bia2.com

23 History The First Human Rights Document Ever Made by Kourosh, King of Persia Achaemenian Era Reference: Wikipedia.org

24 History The first credible claim for the development of a real postal system comes from Persia, A Post Station (Chaparkhane), Achaemenian Era Reference: wikipedia.org

25 History The Sassanian Empire ( AD) Reference: wikipedia.org Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indian Ocean

26 History Shapur, King of Persia, The Sassanian Empire ( AD) Reference: wikipedia.org

27 History Ctesiphopn, Sassanid Palace, Now in Iraq Reference: atlastours.net

28 History Reference: wikipedia.org Sassanid Dynasty invented Bank system. During the third century AD, banks in Persia and other territories in the Persian empire under Sassanid Empire issued letters of credit known as Sakks and is the root of the word cheque.

29 History Rhazes, 865 A.D., Chemist and Physician Discovered Sulfuric Acid and Alcohol Reference: wikipedia.org Khwarizmi, 800 A.D., Persian mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and geographer, Inventor of Algorithm

30 History Avicennia, 980 A.D., Physician and Philosopher Author of The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine which was for seven centuries the standard medical text in European universities Reference: wikipedia.org

31 History Safavid Dynasty, Ruled from 1501 to 1736 A.D. Reference: wikipedia.org

32 History A Safavid King Reference: wikipedia.org

33 History Ferdosi,A Famous Poet Reference: wikipedia.org

34 History A Safavid Palace, Isfahan

35 History Interior Design in a Safavid Palace Reference: wikipedia.org

36 History Qajar dynasty, Ruled from 1781 to 1925 B.C Reference: wikipedia.org

37 History Qajar Kings Reference: wikipedia.org

38 History Reza Shah (King Reza), Reference: wikipedia.org Mohammad Reza Shah, Pahlavi Dynasty

39 History King Mohammad Reza and Emress Reference: wikipedia.org King is crowning the Emress Pahlavi Dynasty

40 History Reference: Shah and President Lyndon, 1968Shah and President Kennedy, 1962 President Eisenhower Visits Iran, 1959 Shah and President Truman, 1949

41 History Shah and President Carter, 1977 President Nixon Visits Iran, 1972 Reference: Shah and President Ford, 1975 Shah and President Nixon, 1973

42 History Iranian Revolution, 1979 Reference: wikipedia.org

43 History On 22 September 1980 Iraq invaded Iran and this war lasted from September 1980 to August 1988 and about a million Iranians killed or wounded. On 9 December 1991, the UN Secretary-General declared Iraq as invader and the war ended. Reference: wikipedia.org

44 Social Life of Iranians

45 Before 1979 revolution

46 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution Students, Tehran University Iranian students at Berkeley University 1970

47 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution Reference: iranian.com Iranian Singers and Actresses

48 Social Life Before 1979 Revolution Reference: iranian.com Iranian Women Army Iranian Women Police

49 Ski Resorts, Tehran Social Life Before 1979 Revolution

50 Reference: worldisround.com Tehran Symphonic Orchestra Social Life Before 1979 Revolution

51 Social Life Before 1979 evolution Reference: worldisround.com Persian New Year, 21 st of March

52 after 1979 revolution

53

54 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Reference: worldisround.com Iranian Youth

55 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian Youth Participating in Presidential Polls

56 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Ordinary People

57 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian Woman Police

58 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian Police

59 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian Fashions

60 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Reference: Associated Press Fars News Agency Iranian Women Soccer Players Iranian Women Rugby Players

61 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian Wrestling TeamIranian Soccer Team Reference: ipna.ir

62 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Reference: worldisround.com Iranian Women Ice Skaters Iranian Women Car Racers

63 Social Life after 1979 Revolution Iranian People Sympathetic with American People after September 11 Teharn

64 ART and Iranians

65 Art and Iranians Reference: iranonline.com Iranian Miniature

66 Art and Iranians Reference: manhattanrugs.com Hand-knotted Persian Silk/wool Rug

67 Art and Iranians Reference: manhattanrugs.com Blue Tile Works

68 Art and Iranians Reference: salamiran.org Handicraft Copper Works

69 Famous Iranians

70 Ezatolah Entezami The Best Actor in Iran Reference: wikipedia.org Dr. Jalali IT Professor Dr. M. Hosien Mandegar Heart Surgeon Abbas Kiarostami The Famous Director

71 Famous Iranians Dr. Firouz Naderi Associate director of NASA’s Reference: wikipedia.org Prof. Sadeghi Heart Surgeon Dr. Ehsan Yarshater Chief of Encyclopaedia Iranica Shoreh Aghdashloo The Famous Actor

72 Famous Iranians Christiane Amanpour Chief International Correspondent for the CNN Reference: wikipedia.org Anousheh Ansari First Female Private Space Tourism Dr. Ghasem Asrar Associate Administrator for Earth Science of NASA Bijan Davari IBM Fellow and Vice President

73 Famous Iranians Hossein Eslambolchi Chief Technology Officer and Chief Information Officer of AT&T Reference: wikipedia.org Prof. Mohammad Jamshidi A Member of the Advisory board of the NASA JPL's MARS Pathfinder Project Prof. Ali Javan Inventor of Solid Laser in 1960 Maria Khorsand President of Ericsson Company

74 Famous Iranians Omid Kordestani Senior Vice President for Worldwide Sales and Field Operations of Google Reference: wikipedia.org Prof. Lotfi Zadeh Father of Fuzzy Logic Theorem, UC Berkley Professor Farzad Nazem Executive Vice President of Yahoo! Pierre M. Omidyar Founder and Chairman of the eBay

75 Famous Iranians Azadeh Tabazadeh Senior Research Scientist, Earth Science Division, NASA Reference: wikipedia.org Faryar Shirzad Former White House Deputy Assistant for International Economic Affairs to President George W. Bush Shirin Ebadi The First Iranian and the First Muslim Woman To Receive the Nobel Peace Prize Bijan Pakzad (Bijan) Designer of Menswear and Fragrances Owner of the most expensive store in the world in Beverly Hills, CA

76 Iranians is USA

77 Iranian Soccer Fans in World Cup 2006 U.S.A

78 Natural Scenery

79 Reference: dreamview.net

80 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net

81 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net Fars News Agency

82 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net

83 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net

84 Natural Scenery Cheshmeh Sort

85 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net

86 Natural Scenery Reference: dreamview.net

87 Tourism Attractions

88 Reference: dreamview.net Chehel sotun, Esfahan Imam Square, Esfahan

89 Tourism Attractions Reference: dreamview.net shirazcity.org A mosque, Esfahan Eram Garden, Shiraz

90 Tourism Attractions Reference: dreamview.net Interior Design of mosques

91 Tourism Attractions Naqsh Jahan Square, Esfahan

92 Tourism Attractions Reference: dreamview.net Ahwaz Bridge, AhwazAlisadr Cave, Hamedan An Ancient Chruch, IsfahanEel Goli, Tabriz

93 Tourism Attractions Reference: dreamview.net gettyiamges.com Ali Qapu, EsfahanFerdowsi Monument, Mashad Sioseh Pol(33 Bridges), EsfahanKhajoo Bridge Esfahan

94 Tourism Attractions Reference: dreamview.net flicker.com Hafez Monument, Shiraz Namak Abrood resort, Northern Iran

95 Tourism Attractions Reference: wildrussia.spb.ru Imam Reza holly shrine (All made of gold and silver), Mashad

96 Tourism Attractions Reference: CHN Photo Agency Kalut, the Biggest Cloddish Town of the World

97 Tourism Attractions Reference:mandalay.pl tourism.chn.ir Iranian Cappadocia: Kandovan

98 Tourism Attractions Reference: iranchamber.com flicker.com Salt Lake, Uromieh

99 Tourism Attractions Reference: flicker.com Qeshm Island

100 Tourism Attractions Reference: flicker.com Dolphin Park, Kish Island

101 Tourism Attractions Reference: kishtpc.com Underground Town of Kariz, Kish Island

102 Tehran Capital of Iran

103 Tehran Reference: dreamview.com flicker.com

104 Tehran Reference: dreamview.com

105 Tehran Reference: flicker.com

106 Tehran Reference: flicker.com bia2.com

107 Tehran Reference: flicker.com

108 Tehran Reference: flicker.com

109 Tehran Reference: flicker.com

110 Tehran Reference: flicker.com

111 Tehran Reference: worldisround.com Samand, Iran made Car

112 Tehran Reference: worldisround.com Azadi Soccer Stadium Capacity 100,000, Tehran

113 Tehran Reference: tehranmetro.com Subway Stations in Tehran

114 Iranians in USA In 1990 about 1,100,000 Iranians have been living in USA. In 1979, Iran has had the most student population abroad among all other countries and the most number of foreign students in US. 46% of Iranians in US have bachelor’s degree or higher. Reference: google.com

115 Iranians in USA It is estimated that about 800,000 Iranians live in California. The most population of Iranians, about 600,000, live in Los Angeles which is called “Tehrangeles” (Tehran-Los Angeles). Iranians live in Westwood district of L.A. Which is called “Little Persia” and is one of the most expensive districts of L.A. Reference: google.com wikipedia.org

116 Persian words in english language

117 Persian Words in English Language More than 500 Persian Words is estimated in English Language. of them are as follows: Algorithm (Khwarazmi) Beggar (bi-kaar) Bronze (birinj) Better (Behtar) Best (Beh ast) Candy (Ghandy) Caravan (kārawān) Cash (karsha) Caviar (khaviyar) Cheque(Check) (Chek) Chess (shah) Cow (Gav) Door (Darb) Guitar (Sitar) Far (Far) Further (Fartar) Reference: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Persian_origin

118 Persian Words in English Language Jackal (shaghāl) Jasmine (yasmin) Khaki (khaki) Kebab (Kabab) Lemon (limoo) Lips (Lab) Magic (maguš) Orange (nāranj) Pajamas (pāë jāmah) Paradise (pairidaeza) Sandal (sandal) Sherry (Shiraz) Spinach (aspanakh) Sugar (shakar) Reference: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Persian_origin

119

120 Thank You THANK YOU


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