Presentation on theme: "Contents 1. Geography 2. History 3. Population 4. Presidents 5. Capital 6. Symbols 7. Political system 8. Educational system 9. Washington and its sights."— Presentation transcript:
Contents 1. Geography 2. History 3. Population 4. Presidents 5. Capital 6. Symbols 7. Political system 8. Educational system 9. Washington and its sights
Geographical position of the United States of America The USA is situated in the central part of the North America continent. It has an area of over 9 million square kilometres. The country is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west. And in the east America is washed by the Atlantic Ocean.
America was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. By that time there were about 276 Indian tribes. The white colonizers came and began to destroy the natives and drive them away from their lands. In 1970 the Indian population of The USA and Canada was only about 800 000 people.
Now the USA is the fourth largest country in the world. The population of America is about 250 million people nowadays. There are 50 states in America. There are 50 states in America.
The 18 – 19 centuries was a difficult period in the history of the USA. There were: The Seven Years War (1756 – 1763) The War of Independence (1775 – 1783) The division of nation “blacks” “whites” The Civil War (1861 – 1865)
The most well – known presidents of the past 1789 - 1797 1801 - 1809 1933 - 1945 1861 - 1865
The capital of the country is It was named in honour of the first President whose name was George Washington. It is situated in an independent district – the District of Columbia. The District of Columbia is the territory of the national capital of the USA with its own laws and regulations.
Washington is sometimes called the heart of America. It is smaller in size than the largest cities of the USA, such as New York, Detroit or Los Angeles. Washington is sometimes called the heart of America. It is smaller in size than the largest cities of the USA, such as New York, Detroit or Los Angeles. The population of Washington is about 11 million people.
The flag has 13 stripes, 7 red and 6 white, and fifty white stars on a blue field in the upper left-hand corner. The flag is also called the “ STAR – SPANGLED BANNER”
OF THE USA. It is the Great Seal of the United States. The Great It has been the coat of arms of the United States of America since 1782.
The House of Representatives The states (435 members) Political system The President The Senate (100 members)
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Elementary school 6-12 years or Grade school 6-14 years SECONDARY EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATION Senior High school 16-18 years Junior High School 13-15 years High School 12-18 years High School 14-18 years College, University from 18 years
The Capitol is in the centre of Washington. It is located on Capitol Hill, the highest point in the city.
The Statue of Liberty. 225 tons of metal were used for its construction. Inside there is a circular stairway with 365 steps. It was built in New York Harbour in 1886. It was a gift from the people of France.
It was built in 1800. The White House has 6 floors. There are the Blue Room, the State Dining Room, the Oval Office. It takes 570 gallons of the white paint to cover the outside. Many halls are open for tourists. The official name – Executive Mansion.