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An introduction to: the Present Subjunctive PAST---------------PRESENT-------------FUTURE Preterite Present Indicative Ir + a + inf. Imperfect Present.

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Presentation on theme: "An introduction to: the Present Subjunctive PAST---------------PRESENT-------------FUTURE Preterite Present Indicative Ir + a + inf. Imperfect Present."— Presentation transcript:

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2 An introduction to: the Present Subjunctive

3 PAST---------------PRESENT-------------FUTURE Preterite Present Indicative Ir + a + inf. Imperfect Present prog. Imperfect prog. Tú +/- commands Acabar de + inf. Present Subjunctive

4 The Indicative Mood Spanish has two moods: the INDICATIVE and the SUBJUNCTIVE. Until now, all the verb forms you have learned in Spanish are part of the Indicative Mood, used to state FACTS and TRUTH. The following are examples of the Present tense, otherwise known as the Present Indicative: We will use the acronym FCCPS. Hablo español. Comes tacos. Bailamos en la fiesta.

5 What is the Subjunctive Mood? We use the Present Subjunctive with things that the speaker wants to happen or wants others to do, events to which the speaker reacts emotionally, things that are yet unknown, preferences for others, among others. We will use the acronym UWEIRDO. Quieres que yo hable en español. Espero que comas tacos. Nos recomiendan que bailemos en la fiesta.

6 A sentence in the subjunctive has: Ej. (Yo) Quiero que (tú) comas tacos. I want (for) you to eat tacos. 1.A Subjunctive Phrase 2.A Que 3.A change in subject NO change in subject = indicative Ej. (Yo) Quiero comer tacos. I want to eat tacos.

7 Indicative Phrase Sr. Torres sabe + que + (tú) estudias. Mr. Torres knows (that) you study. La cláusula principal La cláusula subordinada Main clause: la cláusula principal Subordinate clause: la cláusula subordinada Subjunctive Phrase Sr. Torres quiere + que + (tú) estudies. Mr. Torres wants (for) you to study. La cláusula principal La cláusula subordinada What is the difference between these two sentences?

8 Conjugating in the Subjunctive Three Steps: HableHabl HablHabl HablHabl ComaCom ComCom ComCom 2. DROP the -o 3. SWAP the endings For -ar -a -e For -ir/-er Hablar Comer (Hablo, Habl_ & Hable) (Como, Com_ & Coma) -ar verb: -er/-ir verb: emos eséis een amos asáis aan 1. YO form of the present indicative

9 Present Irregular Yo Forms -car-que practicar -gar-gue cargar -zar-ce analizar -ger-ja escoger -cer-zca conocer -guir-ga seguir -uir-ya construir Keep their spelling changes in all forms and do NOT have accents. (practico) practique (cargo) cargue (analizo) analice (escojo) escoja (conozco) conozca (sigo) siga (construyo)construya

10 Six (6) Irregular Subjunctive Forms where YO, DROP & SWAP does not work: La cancioncita : Dé, Esté, Haya, Vaya, Sepa, Sea, ¡otra vez! DDar: dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den IIr: vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan SSaber: sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan. HHaber (hay): haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan EEstar: esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén SSer: sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean.

11 Stem-Changing Boot verbs -ar / -er stem changing verbs follow the present indicative pattern. pensar (ie, e): piensepensemos piensespenséis piense piensen *(ie, e): cerrar, empezar, entender, perder, querer, recomendar, etc. *(ue, o): almorzar, aprobar, contar, esforzarse, encontrar, mostrar, poder, probar, resolver, volver, etc. -ir stem changing verbs show two changes. dormir & morir (ue, u): duerma durmamos duermasdurmáis duerma duerman *(ie, i): preferir, divertir, sentir y requerir. * (i, but no boot change): conseguir, pedir, repetir, servir y vestirse.


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