Conjugating Verbs in the Subjunctive. The Subjunctive Tense 1.The subjunctive tense is used to express either a direct or an indirect command. 2. The.
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Conjugating Verbs in the Subjunctive
The Subjunctive Mood The subjunctive tense is widely used in Spanish and expresses or implies different things from its English counterparts. It has a number of specific usages that we will look at one or two at a time in subsequent chapters.
The Subjunctive Mood 1.The subjunctive tense is used to express either a direct or an indirect command. 2. The subjunctive tense is also needed when a sentence something that may or may not exist (subjecture/uncertainty).
The Subjunctive Mood 1.Indirect command (volition) Someone wants wishes or desires that someone else does something. 2. The subjunctive tense is to express a verb or expression of emotion, volition or doubt + que + a change of subject. (EVD)
The Subjunctive Mood 1.I want you to go to the store. (I want that you go to the store) Yo quiero que tú vayas a la tienda. 2. It is important that we study. Es importante que nosotros estudiemos. 3. I doubt we dance at the prom. Yo dudo que bailemos en el prom.
Steps to conjugate in the Subjunctive 1.The stem is the yoform from the present indicative without the o. ie...hablar - hablo 2. Add the oppositeendings. *Watch out for orthographic stem changes in the subjunctive!
AR Endings e emos es e en
ER - IR Endings a amos as a an
Irregular Verbs (d.i.s.h.e.s.) These verbs have irregular stems but regular endings in the subjunctive tense: darirserhaber dé vayaseahaya desvayasseashayas dévayaseahaya demosvayamosseamoshayamos denvayanseanhayan
Irregular Verbs These verbs have irregular because of accents in the subjunctive tense: estarsaber estésepa estéssepas estésepa estemossepamos esténsepan
Stem Changing Verbs The subjunctive tense is the only tense that has a stem change in the nosotros form but: only IR verbs and only only one letter dormir (ue)pedir (i) encontrar (ue) duerma pidaencuentre duermaspidasencuentres duermapidaencuentre durmamospidamosencontremos duermanpidanencuentren
Sentence Examples Yo quiero que tú estudies más. I want you to study more. Juan duda que tú lo sepas. Juan doubts that you know it. Es una lástima que no vengas. It is a shame that you arent coming.