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Special case present tense verbs Stem-Changing Verbs Boot Verbs.

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Presentation on theme: "Special case present tense verbs Stem-Changing Verbs Boot Verbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Special case present tense verbs Stem-Changing Verbs Boot Verbs

2 Repaso: Present Tense Endings (Regular Verbs) oamos asX aan oemos esX een oimos esX een AR ER IR Step 1: Take ending off infinitive to find stem Step 2: Add ending to match subject

3 Stem-changing verbs Are sometimes called Boot Verbs Have a spelling change in the stem when conjugated into yo, tu, ud/él/ella, uds/ellos/ellas forms NO CHANGE in nosotros You already know one! - Jugar *and Tener is a hybrid! j ue gojugamos j ue gasX j ue gaj ue gan

4 Stem-Change Rules: Only 3 categories of changes: E IE (We'll start here) O UE E I Change the vowel in the stem closest to the ending.

5 Example (E-IE) nevar (e -> ie) (to snow) 1st, find stem: nev ar then, make spelling change: nev n ie v last, add ending:nievonevamos ** nievasX nievanievan **Make NO change in Nosotros**

6 Example Chart n ie vonevamos n ie vas X n ie van ie van Makes the shape of a boot

7 E IE Verbs empezar - to begin/start pensar - to think perder - to lose preferir - to prefer querer - to want mentir - to lie entender - to understand cerrar - to close defender - to defend

8 O UE Verbs almorzar - to eat lunch morir - to die mostrar - to show mover - to move poder - to be able to dormir - to sleep encontrar - to find recordar - to remember volver - to come back (return) devolver - to give back (return)

9 E I Verbs decir - to say/tell (**go) competir - to compete seguir - to follow repetir - to repeat reír - to laugh pedir - to ask for servir - to serve corregir - to correct sonreír - to smile gemir - to groan/moan


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