Presentation on theme: "El pretérito de los verbos I to Y y algunos irregulares"— Presentation transcript:
1El pretérito de los verbos I to Y y algunos irregulares
2I to Y verbs Verbs that end in -aer, -eer, and oír, the él/ella/usted forms use the ending "yó" (rather than ió) and the ellos/ellas/ustedes forms use the ending "yeron" (rather than ieron). The remaining forms gain a written accent over the letter "i."
3I to Y verbs Let’s take a look at the verb “creer”, which means what? creístecreyócreímos creísteiscreyeronOther verbs like this one are:caer(se), leer, and oír.
4I to Y verbsAs always, there are exceptions to any rule and this one has an exception. Verbs that end in -uir still have the I to Y change, but gain a written accent over the letter "i"in the ‘yo’ form only.construíconstruisteconstruyóconstruimosconstruisteisconstruyeron
5I to Y verbs Other verbs like ‘construir’ are: incluir, destruir, contribuir, and huir.What do these verbs mean?
6REMEMBER: I to Y change in the 3rd person singular, “él / ella / Ud.” formand the 3rd person plural“ellos / ellas / Uds.” form-aer / -eer / and the verb oír haveaccented “i’s” on all of the other forms-uir verbs only have and accented “i” inthe “yo” form
7Irregular verbsFirst know that irregular verbs NEVER EVER have accents. Say it with me…“IRREGULAR VERBS NEVER EVER HAVE ACCENTS!”There are a lot of irregular verbs so we will divide them into Type 1 & Type 2 verbs.We’ll look at a couple today.
8Type 1 verbos ‘gemelos’ idénticos These are your ‘2 for 1’ verbs. What a bargain… ‘ser’ and ‘ir’ are conjugated identically.fuifuistefuefuimosfuisteisfueron*Single-syllable forms NEVER EVER use accents.
9More type 1 irregular verbs Even though ‘ver’ appears to be a regular verb, it isn’t. Here are the forms:vivisteviovimos visteis vieronCan you guess what makes it a type 1 irregular?
10The other type 1 irregular verb This next verb is just like ‘ver’ (it is a little confused; it thinks it is an -er/-ir verb)… so it could be considered another 2 for 1 verb. Just change all of the v’s to d’s and ta-da!vivisteviovimosvisteisvierondidistediodimosdisteisdieron
11Type 2 irregular verbsThese are three type 2 verbs you will need to know for now…estartenerhacerponerAll of these have irregular stems, hence irregular verbs.Do you think these verbs will have accents?
12Type 2 irregular verbsThese verbs all have the same endings… regardless of it being an–ar, -er, or –ir verb. It is a cross between the two sets of endings.-e-iste-o-imos-isteis-ieron
13Type 2 irregular verbsLet’s look at the verbs with the “uv” stem. Note: the same endings (-er/-ar)tuvetuvistetuvotuvimostuvisteistuvieronestuveestuvisteestuvoestuvimosestuvisteisestuvieron
14Type 2 irregular verbs The last 2 you need to know for now are: hice hicistehizohicimoshicisteishicieronpusepusistepusopusimospusisteispusieron