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1 El pretérito de los verbos I to Y y algunos irregulares.

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Presentation on theme: "1 El pretérito de los verbos I to Y y algunos irregulares."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 El pretérito de los verbos I to Y y algunos irregulares

3 I to Y verbs Verbs that end in -aer, -eer, and oír, the él/ella/usted forms use the ending "yó" (rather than ió) and the ellos/ellas/ustedes forms use the ending "yeron" (rather than ieron). The remaining forms gain a written accent over the letter "i."

4 Lets take a look at the verb creer, which means what? creí creíste creyó creímos creísteis creyeron Other verbs like this one are: caer(se), leer, and oír.

5 I to Y verbs As always, there are exceptions to any rule and this one has an exception. Verbs that end in -uir still have the I to Y change, but gain a written accent over the letter "i" in the yo form only. construí construiste construyó construimos construisteis construyeron

6 I to Y verbs Other verbs like construir are: incluir, destruir, contribuir, and huir. What do these verbs mean?

7 6 REMEMBER: I to Y change in the 3 rd person singular, él / ella / Ud. form and the 3 rd person plural ellos / ellas / Uds. form -aer / -eer / and the verb oír have accented is on all of the other forms -uir verbs only have and accented i in the yo form

8 Irregular verbs First know that irregular verbs NEVER EVER have accents. Say it with me… IRREGULAR VERBS NEVER EVER HAVE ACCENTS! There are a lot of irregular verbs so we will divide them into Type 1 & Type 2 verbs. Well look at a couple today.

9 Type 1 verbos gemelos idénticos These are your 2 for 1 verbs. What a bargain… ser and ir are conjugated identically. fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron *Single-syllable forms NEVER EVER use accents.

10 More type 1 irregular verbs Even though ver appears to be a regular verb, it isnt. Here are the forms: vi viste vio vimos visteis vieron Can you guess what makes it a type 1 irregular?

11 The other type 1 irregular verb This next verb is just like ver (it is a little confused; it thinks it is an -er/-ir verb)… so it could be considered another 2 for 1 verb. Just change all of the vs to ds and ta-da! vi viste vio vimos visteis vieron di diste dio dimos disteis dieron

12 Type 2 irregular verbs These are three type 2 verbs you will need to know for now… estar tener hacer poner All of these have irregular stems, hence irregular verbs. Do you think these verbs will have accents?

13 Type 2 irregular verbs These verbs all have the same endings… regardless of it being an –ar, -er, or –ir verb. It is a cross between the two sets of endings. -e -iste -o -imos -isteis -ieron

14 Type 2 irregular verbs Lets look at the verbs with the uv stem. Note: the same endings (-er/-ar) estuve estuviste estuvo estuvimos estuvisteis estuvieron tuve tuviste tuvo tuvimos tuvisteis tuvieron

15 Type 2 irregular verbs The last 2 you need to know for now are: hice hiciste hizo hicimos hicisteis hicieron puse pusiste puso pusimos pusisteis pusieron


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